Kabbalistic Zohar Book (33)

Kabbalistic Zohar Book (33)

BeShalach [When Pharaoh Sent]

And Elisha Passed Over to Shunem

1) “A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet over whims.” What is the difference for which it writes “A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet” more than all the other prophets in the world? It is not written about them, “A prayer of Isaiah the prophet” or “Of Jeremiah” or Ezekiel or Hosea or any other prophet in the world.

2) Elisha was awarded in this world what no other prophet was awarded, other than Moses. It is written, “And there came a day, and Elisha passed over to Shunem, and there was a great woman there.” She was great in actions, the whole household was praised because of her, and she is the landlady. And because her husband was not at home, to be the prominent one in the house, he was not mentioned, but she was.

3) “There was a great woman there” means she is greater than all other women in the world. This is so because when the rest of the women in the world see a guest, they regret it and push him, much less spend money on him. But this one was delighted with a guest, spending money on him. When she saw Elisha she was delighted about him. Hence, all the praise is for the woman, since the guest in the house is the woman’s. This is why it is written, “And there was a great woman there,” greater than all other women.

4) “And she said to her husband, ‘Behold now, I know that this is a holy man of God.’” How did she know that Elisha was a holy man? She put a white sheet in his bed and never saw nocturnal emission on it. Also, there was never a fly on his table.

5) Why is it different, that it says that she did not see nocturnal emission in him? After all, many people in the world do not see nocturnal emission. Also, why does it say, “Behold now, I know,” since there was never a fly on his table? After all, all those who saw him eating at his table knew like her.

6) Yet, “Behold now, I know” means she knew and no other, since she would fix his bed when he laid in it at night and when he rose in the morning. And what was said, that she put a white sheet on his bed, so it was, and by that she knew, since usually, when one rises in the morning, the sheet he slept in has a foul smell. But while she lifted the sheet from the bed of this one, it would emit such fragrances as in the Garden of Eden. She said, “If he were not holy and his Master’s holiness were not on him, a holy scent would not come up from the sheet.”

7) For this reason, he should retire from the house, since one cannot be so careful in the house. However, she said, “Let us make a small attic for him and put there a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp,” which are the correction of the assembly of Israel, Malchut, who is called “an attic,” as it is written, “And Hezekiah turned his face to the wall.”

8) A bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp. The order of the writing is not as the order of the use, since a chair is required first, then a table, then a lamp, and then a bed. Why did she say “bed” first? It is because she was more fond of the bed than of everything—and one puts what one is fond of first—since she saw higher sanctity in the bed than in all the others.

9) “One day he came there.” What is that day? It is the good day of Rosh Hashanah, in which the barren women of the world are counted and the people of the world are counted. He called Shunammite and said, “Behold, you have been careful for us with all this care. For this reason, I must scrutinize this day in the Dinim [judgments] of the world, since the Creator judges the world on this day. And because I have retired alone in this place, in the attic you have made for me, I must regard the Dinim of the world, since one who parts alone on judgment day, even if he is worthy, he is caught first.

10) “And what can be done for you? Would you be spoken for to the king or to the captain of the army?” Is this needed for a woman, who does not go out and does not go to the king’s palace? However, this day caused all the people in the world to be placed in Din [judgment], and on that day, the Creator is called “a King,” a “King of Judgment.” He told her, “If it is the high King that you need, to atone your actions, I will speak and ask on your behalf.”

11) “And she said, ‘I dwell among my own people.’” What is she saying? When the Din hangs in the world, one should not part from the collective by himself. He will not be mentioned above and he will not be known alone. This is so because when the Din hangs in the world, those who are known and are inscribed alone, though they are righteous, they are caught first. Hence, one must never retire from the people because the Creator’s mercies are always on the whole people together. This is why she said, “I dwell among my own people,” and I do not wish to part from them, as I have been doing thus far.

12) “And Gehazi said, ‘But she has no son.’” Elisha said to her, “Certainly, the time is right for you to be delivered with a son, since the day causes.” On Rosh Hashanah [Hebrew New Year’s Day], the barren are counted. “And he said, ‘At this time next year you will embrace a son’ … and the woman conceived and bore a son.” Afterwards, he died. Why did he die? It was because the son was given to her and not to her husband, and he was tied from the place of the female, and one who is tied to a female, death is his fate. How do we know that he was given to her? Because it is written, “You will embrace a son.”

13) It is written about Abraham, “I will surely return unto you,” and not to her. Indeed, to you, he was tied to you and not to the female, since one who comes from the side of the female, death catches up with him.

“She went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God,” since she saw higher Kedusha [holiness] there, more than in all of them.

14) “And said unto her, ‘Are you well? Is your man well?’” This means that she was the lady of the house, since he greeted her before he greeted her husband. Moreover, she followed him, the prophet, and not her husband. “And Gehazi came near to push her.”

15) “And the man of God said, ‘Let her alone, for her soul is bitter within her.’” What is the difference for which here the text calls him “man of God,” and when he was in the city it called him Elisha? Here he is indeed the man of God, for here is his place, and not in the city, and not at a time when the sons of the prophets were before him. This is why he was not called “man of God,” but Elisha.

16) “And the Lord has hidden it from me and has not told me.” It is written, “And the Lord showered Sodom.” “The Lord” means He and His courthouse. This is the courthouse below, Malchut. It is written, “And [he] has not told me.” What is the reason that Elisha did not know? The Creator said, “How will I kill this one? If I tell him, he will not die because it is his gift.” And he prayed for him and did not let him die. But he should die, of course, since we learned that it is written, “You will embrace a son,” so he was tied to the place of the female, and death is caused from the place of the female. This is why he did not tell him.

17) “And he said to Gehazi, ‘Gird up your loins … and lay my staff on the lad’s face,’” meaning that the miracle had parted from him because he was not worthy of it. “And the lad’s mother said, ‘As the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you.’” Why did she so plead him to go himself when Gehazi was going? She knew the ways of that wicked one Gehazi, that he is not worthy of a miracle being executed by him.

18) “And put his mouth on his mouth and his eyes on his eyes and his hands on his hands, and he stretched himself on him; and the flesh of the child became warm.” Why did Elisha do so? Elisha looked and knew that this place of the female to which he was now tied is what caused him to die. Hence, “He put his mouth on his mouth and his eyes on his eyes to tie him to another place, a high one, the place of the male, where there is life.”

19) But he could not uproot him from the place of the female to which he was tied from the beginning, until he evoked another spirit from above and was tied to that high place, and brought his soul back to him. Had he not done so, he would never have been revived. “And the lad sneezed seven times.” It did not amount to more than seven, which correspond to the seventy years of his life, as it is written, “The days of our years in them are seventy.”

20) This is Habakkuk the prophet, of whom it is written, “You will embrace a son.” Habakkuk is from the word Hibuk [embrace]. Thus, he should have been called Havuk [embraced]; why is he called Habakkuk, which means two embraces? One embrace is of his mother, and one embrace is of Elisha, who embraced him when he revived him.

Another interpretation: He had two embraces—from the side of his mother and from the side of the prophet. One embrace from the place on which he was initially dependent, the place of the female, and another embrace, which elevated him to the upper degrees, to the place of the male. Those two embraces are included in the embrace of his mother and the embrace of the prophet. This is why he was called Habakkuk, which means two Hibukim [embraces].

21) “A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet over whims.” What is the prayer that he says here? It is the place to which he was tied in the beginning, from his mother’s side. It is the prayer of the hand, the Nukva de ZA. “For whims” means that on that day, to which he was tied, the whims of the world were hung before the Creator. It was the beginning of the year, and Gevura, the Nukva, was governing. This is why that prayer, the Nukva, was to him.

22) “A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet” means “for Habakkuk,” for the two Hibukim [embraces] that the prophet made for him, as it is written, “Lord, I have heard the report of You and I am afraid.” When the spirit of the prophet awakened upon him—meaning the male, during his embrace over the spirit of the female, which is a prayer that he had from his mother’s embrace—he feared and was startled lest the Dinim of the Nukva would return to him. This is why he said, “Lord, I have heard the report of You and I am afraid.” It is like the allegory that one who was bitten by a dog is startled by its voice.

23) “O Lord, revive Your work in the midst of the years.” Who is “Your work”? He said about himself that he is His work. “Revive … in the midst of the years” means give me life for Your work among the upper years, which are the Sefirot. Another interpretation: “Revive him, so he will not die as in the beginning.”

24) “For whims,” as it is written, “A whim of David,” which is singing and praising. This is so because there were various praises before the prophet, with which to instill the spirit of prophecy over them. It is written about it, “And you will meet a group of prophets coming down from the stage, tambourine and flute before them.” And it is written, “And now bring me a minstrel.” It is all the more so with Habakkuk, who needed contentment more than anyone, to sweeten that place, the Nukva, to which he was tied in the beginning, to extend upon him the spirit of prophecy. It is similar with all the prophets, except Moses, who surpassed all the prophets in the world, happy is he.

25) When Israel came out of Egypt, their spirit was broken within them, and they heard the praises of the angels, but they could not rejoice. When all the camps of angels and the Merkavot [assemblies/chariots] went out with Divinity, they all raised their voices in praise and songs before the Creator, and the Creator awakened the spirit of Israel and they heard the praises of the angels, and their spirit stood within them, for it did not leave them.

26) When Israel went out of Egypt, they tasted the taste of death, and the Creator healed them, as it is written, “And the Lord walks before them by day.” All the roads smelled of healing, and they came to their bodies and they were healed. And from the voice of the praises that they heard, they were glad and their spirit was made content.

27) Pharaoh and all of his men followed Israel, accompanying them until they left the land of Egypt. Similarly, all the upper ministers, appointed over them and over the rest of the peoples, accompanied Divinity and Israel until they parked in Etam, at the end of the desert, as it is written, “And when Pharaoh had sent the people, God did not lead them by the way of the land of the Philistines, for it was near.” “For it was near” means “For that oath that Abimelech would adjure the fathers is near,” for that good that the Philistines did to the fathers, as it is written, “As the grace that I have done with you, you shall do with me and with the land in which you have lived.”

There Were Three Deaths

28) “And Pharaoh arose at night, he, and all his servants, and all of Egypt; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.” This is the high vengeance that the Creator avenged Egypt.

There were three deaths:

1) That the firstborn in Egypt did, killing all those that they found.

2) That the Creator killed at midnight.

3) When Pharaoh saw the death in his home, in his sons, and in his servants, he rose, rushed himself and killed the ministers, the governors, and all those who advised him to refuse to send the people away.

The Torah testifies about him that he rose in the actual night, in the Dinim [judgments] of the Nukva, who is called “night.” As the night, Nukva, killed the firstborn and avenged, Pharaoh rose in the land of Egypt and killed and avenged his rulers, ministers, officers, and every kind of minister, as it is written, “And Pharaoh arose at night,” he rose to kill and to destroy.

29) It is the conduct of the dog that when it is stricken with a stone, it comes and bites another. So did Pharaoh. Afterwards, he would walk through the streets and declare saying, “Rise up and get out from within my people. You have killed all the town’s people, you have killed the governors, the ministers, and my entire household.” It is written about it, “And he called unto Moses and Aaron at night,” since everything was through you, “And bless me, too,” meaning do not kill me. Afterwards, he himself escorted them out of the land, as it is written, “And it came to pass when Pharaoh sent.”

And God Led the People Around

30) “And God led the people around by the way of the desert,” to correct the way to His place, to make the tearing of the Red Sea. Otherwise, it would have been enough to guide them through the desert and not through the Red Sea.

What is the difference for which it is written, “And God led the people around,” and when Israel were in Egypt, it said, “Send my people away,” as it is written, “For if you refuse to send my people away.” “My son, My firstborn, Israel.” Although at that time they were not circumcised and were properly tied to the Creator, while here when they were circumcised and did the Passover and were tied to him, He calls them, “the people” and not “My people.”

31) Because the mixed multitude clung to them and mingled with them, He called them only “the people,” and not “My people,” as it is written, “And the Lord smote the people.” “And the people assembled about Aaron.” “And the people saw that Moses was delayed.” When Israel were in a poor state, He called them only “people” and not “My people.”

33) It is written, “Do not fret because of evildoers.” Evildoers are those who cheer for themselves and for those who bond with them. “Do not fret because of evildoers” means stay away from evildoers, do not befriend them and associate with them, so his deeds will not harm you and you will not be caught by his sins.

34) Were it not for the mixed multitude that connected to Israel, the deed with the calf would not have happened and those of Israel who died would not have died, and they would not have caused Israel all that they had caused. This deed and this iniquity caused the exile for Israel.

35) The Creator wanted Israel to be, upon the reception of the Torah, as the high angels, to make them free of everything, free of death, and liberated from the enslavement of the rest of the people, as it is written, “Harut [engraved] on the tablets,” do not pronounce it Harut, with a Het with Kamatz [חָ], but Herut [freedom],” with a Het with Tzereh [חֵ].

36) When that deed was done, it caused death; it caused the enslavement of the Malchuts; it caused the shattering of the first tablets, and caused several thousand of Israel to die. All of it was because of the bonding with the mixed multitude that bonded with them.

37) Here, too, because of the mixed multitude, they were not called “the children of Israel,” or “Israel,” or “My people,” but simply, “the people.” When they rose from Egypt and the mixed multitude had not bonded with them, He called them “the children of Israel.” When the mixed multitude bonded with them, He called them “the people.”

38) It is written, “For the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you will never see them again forever.” Thus, were they seeing the mixed multitude who were in Egypt each day? However, it writes “mixed multitude” and not “Egypt,” since there were several other nations in Egypt, and they constituted the mixed multitude. They were all circumcised, and since they were circumcised, they were not called “Egypt.”

39) And by the word of Moses they accepted them, as it is written, “Go down at once, for your people … have corrupted themselves. They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them.” It writes, “Commanded them,” meaning that Moses commanded them to accept the mixed multitude.

“And the children of Israel went up armed from the land of Egypt,” meaning that Israel were one in five [the word “armed” can relate to the word “five” in Hebrew]. Rabbi Yosi says, “Israel were five, and one from the mixed multitude.” Rabbi Yehuda says, “The mixed multitude were one in fifty.”

40) Because the Yovel [jubilee/fiftieth anniversary], Bina, raised them from the land of Egypt, it is written, “And the children of Israel went up armed from the land of Egypt.” Bina is called Yovel, and there are fifty gates in her. Were it not for the Yovel, they would not have risen. For this reason, they were detained fifty days to receive the Torah, and from that place, from the Yovel, the Torah came out and was given. For this reason, “Armed” is wanting [written without vowels, called “wanting text” in Hebrew]. That is, if it were to mean “armed,” it should have said “armed” with a Vav [with the vowel, called “full text”]. However, it implies to the number fifty, Yovel, that it is for this reason that Israel rose from Egypt.

41) “And Moses took the bones of Joseph,” since he was the first to go down to exile, and he was the token of the redemption.

42) Happy is Moses, for Israel were engaged in borrowing silver from Egypt, and Moses was engaged in Joseph’s oath. Some say that his ark was in the Nile and he raised it through the holy Name. Moses also said, “Joseph, it is time for Israel’s redemption.” And he said, “Let an ox rise,’ and it rose. Joseph is called “an ox,” as it is written, “As the firstborn of his ox, majesty is his.”

Some say that he was among the kings of Egypt and rose from there. And some say that he was put in the Nile so they will not do idol worship, and Serach, daughter of Asher—who was alive during the act—showed Moses his place.

And the Lord Walks Before Them by Day

43) “For the Leader upon the morning star. A Psalm of David.” How beloved is the Torah before the Creator. Anyone who engages in the Torah is loved above, loved below, and the Creator listens to his words, does not leave him in this world, and does not leave him to the next world.

44) One should engage in Torah day and night, as it is written, “You shall meditate upon it day and night,” and as it is written, “If My covenant is not with you day and night.” During the day, it is the time of work for all. But at night, the time of rest, why is it necessary to engage in Torah? It is so that there will be a complete name in him. As there is no day without a night, and one is incomplete without the other, the Torah must be with the person day and night, and wholeness will be with man day and night.

Day is ZA and night is the Nukva. When one engages in the Torah day and night, he unites ZA and Nukva, and this is the entire wholeness, as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning, one day.”

45) Night is primarily from midnight onward. And even though the first half of the night is included in the night, at midnight, the Creator comes to the Garden of Eden to play with the righteous who are there, and then one must rise and engage in Torah.

46) The Creator and all the righteous in the Garden of Eden, all listen to His voice. It is written, “You who sit in the gardens, friends listen to your voice; let me hear it.” “You who sit in the gardens” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut. At night, she praises the Creator with the praise of the Torah. Happy is he who partakes with her in praising the Creator in the praise of the Torah.

47) When the morning comes, the assembly of Israel, Malchut, comes and plays with the Creator, and He gives her the scepter of Hesed [grace/mercy]. But not only to her, but to her and to all those who partake with her. One who engages in Torah at night, the Creator draws to him a thread of Hesed during the day. This is why Malchut is called “The morning star,” for she praises the Creator at night with the praise of the Torah.

48) When the morning should rise, the light darkens and grows black, and the blackness is present. Then a woman clings to her Husband, which is the third watch, when a woman tells with her husband, meaning ZON, to tell with Him, and she comes to His palace.

49) Afterwards, when the sun should set, the night shines and comes and takes the sun. Then, all the gates close, donkeys bray, and dogs bark. When half the night is through, the King begins to rise and the queen, Malchut, begins to sing. The King, ZA, comes and knocks on the palace’s gate and says, “Open for me, my sister, my wife.” And then He plays with the souls of the righteous.

50) Happy is he who has awakened at that time with words of Torah. For this reason, all the children of the queen’s palace must rise at that time and praise the King. All praise before Him and the praise rises from this world, which is far from Him, and this is more favorable to the Creator than anything.

51) When the night departs and the morning comes and dawns, the King and queen are in joy, in Zivug, and He gives her presents, as well as to all the dwellers of the palace. Happy is he who is numbered among the dwellers of the palace.

52) “And the Lord was walking before them … by day.” “And the Lord” refers to the Creator and His courthouse, the Malchut, since the Vav of “And the Lord” adds the Malchut. Divinity journeys with the patriarchs, since “Walking before them … by day” is Abraham, “In a pillar of cloud” is Isaac, “To guide them on the way” is Jacob, and “In a pillar of fire by night to give them light” is King David.

53) And they are all the high, holy Merkava [assembly/chariot]. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are HGT, the three legs of the throne, and King David is the fourth leg, so Israel will go in wholeness of everything and so the fathers will see their redemption. Why did they walk by day and by night, as people on the run? After all, the Creator was keeping them and they were not afraid, so why did they go as escapees? It was so there would be the wholeness of everything in them, since there is wholeness only in day and night. This is so because day is the quality of ZA, and night is the quality of Nukva, and all the wholeness is upon their joining together, as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning one day.”

54) “And the Lord was walking before them in a pillar of cloud by day” is Abraham, Hesed, “And in a pillar of fire by night” is Isaac, Gevura. And where is Jacob, Tifferet? He is said in the first word, and there is where he is, as it is written, “And the Lord,” who is Tifferet and Malchut, and Jacob is Tifferet.

55) “And in a pillar of fire by night to give them light,” to light in the day, in Hesed, and in the night, in Gevura, so that the Egyptians would chase them with their carriages and horsemen, to honor the name of the Creator, so they will drown and not one of them will remain. This is why he needed the quality of Gevura, to walk day and night.

The illuminating mirror, ZA, is day. The mirror that does not illuminate is Malchut, night. Also, to lure the Egyptians into saying that it is chance, and not the Creator who took them out. This is why they walked day and night, as escapees.

56) Happy are Israel, whom the Creator brought out of Egypt to be His lot and His inheritance. From the perspective of the Yovel, Bina, there is freedom for Israel, and in the future, it is written, “On that day, a great horn will be blown.”

57) And because of the Yovel, they were detained fifty years after the exodus from Egypt to receive the Torah and to draw nearer to Mount Sinai. This is so because there are fifty gates in the Yovel, and to be corrected in them, they needed fifty days. And since they were walking by day, they walked by night, as well, so that everything would be one day and there would be no separation between day and night, which are ZON.

58) Moreover, they all walked peacefully and willingly to unite day and night, which are ZON. On the day they received the Torah, there were fifty complete days and nights, as it should be, since there is no day without a night and there is no night without a day. This is so because ZA has no wholeness without the Malchut, and Malchut has no wholeness without ZA.

Also, night and day are called “One day,” as it is written, “And there was evening and there was morning, one day.” And since they walked fifty complete days, all those fifty days of the Yovel were on them, being the fifty gates of Bina. And then they were given the Torah from the side of Yovel, and this is why they were walking day and night.

59) “And it came to pass that Isaac was old and his eyes grew too dim to see.” One who loves wickedness, his eyes grow dim. The night, Malchut, was included in Isaac, who is Gevura, and the night is not clear. Hence, “His eyes grew too dim to see.” It is all one because the inclusion of the night in Isaac is the same issue as the love of Isaac for Esau.

60) “And the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled.” Who told him? His wise men and his sorcerers gathered unto him and alerted him that the people had fled. Why did they say that? They saw with their wisdom that Israel were walking by day and by night. They said, “They must be running.” Moreover, they saw that they were not walking in a straight path, as it is written, “Turn back and camp before Pi Hahirot.” They alerted him of that, as well, and this is why he chased them.

And He Took Six Hundred Select Chariots

61) “And he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them,” corresponding to the number of Israel, as it is written, “About six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.” “Select” corresponds to the men in Israel, who are the primary part of Israel. “And all the other chariots of Egypt” are the rest of the chariots, which are subordinate, behind the six hundred, and correspond to the children in Israel, who are not counted among the six hundred thousand men on foot, but are subordinate to them, as it was said, “Aside from children.” And he did all that by the counsel of his sorcerers and wise men.

“With officers over all of them.” He did everything with wisdom, which corresponds to the high degrees, which come as two with one atop them. And they rush, because they were nimble in everything.

62) “And he took six hundred select chariots.” It is written, “The Lord will command over the host of heaven on high and over the kings of the earth on earth.” When the Creator gives governance to the ministers of the nations above, He gives to their peoples below. When He lowers them from their degree above, He lowers their peoples below. “And he took six hundred select chariots” is their appointee, who took them. He drove the chariots of the rest of the nations, meaning that those six hundred chariots were not from Egypt, but from the rest of the nations. And they all fell in the camp of Sisera, meaning the six hundred select chariots, and then all the chariots of Egypt. Because it is written, “And all the chariots of Egypt,” the “Six hundred select chariots” is redundant. However, of course the six hundred select chariots are from the rest of the nations. This is why he later says, “And all the chariots of Egypt.”

63) It is written, “To me, my wife, you resemble my mare among the chariots of Pharaoh.” To Pharaoh’s horses, she seemed like a mare, and this is why they chased her to the sea. While Pharaoh was chasing Israel, he took mares and harnessed them to the chariot first, and harnessed the male horses behind them. Thus, the male horses were heating up for the mares, and the mares refused them and ran quickly. When he approached Israel, he took the mares and placed them in the back, and put the males up front, to harm Israel and to wage war against them because for war, males are stronger than females.

64) Similarly, “And the Lord was walking before them by day,” and then Divinity returned to the rear of Israel, as it is written, “And the angel of God … moved and went behind them.” For this reason, “To me, my wife, you resemble,” since VavHey are Tifferet and Malchut, meaning He and His courthouse. Afterwards, it is written, “And the angel of God,” who is Malchut, “Moved and went behind them.” And Tifferet remained walking before them, to fight the Egyptians. It is written about that, “To me, my wife, you resemble,” from the word Demamah [“stillness.” Damam is the root of both “similar” and “still”], since he positioned her behind Israel, to fight the Egyptians on his own and to obliterate them until not one of them is left.

And Pharaoh Drew Near

65) “And Pharaoh drew near” means that he sacrificed his whole army and vehicles to make war [Hikriv means both “brought closer” and “sacrificed”]. We also learn that Pharaoh brought Israel closer to repentance. This is why it is written, “And Pharaoh drew near” and not “And Pharaoh brought closer.”

66) It is written, “O Lord, they sought You in distress; they could only whisper a prayer, Your chastening was upon them.” “They sought You in distress” means that Israel do not visit the Creator in times of contentment, but when they are in distress, and then they all visit Him. “They could only whisper a prayer” means that they are all praying with prayers and litanies, and pour out prayers before Him. When? “Your chastening before them,” when the Creator visits them in His strap. Then the Creator stands over them in Rachamim [mercies] and welcomes their voice, to avenge their enemies, and He fills with mercy over them.

67) Israel were nearing the sea and saw the sea before them becoming stormier, its waves straightening upward. They were afraid. They raised their eyes and saw Pharaoh and his army, and slings and arrows, and they were terrified. “And the children of Israel cried out.” Who caused Israel to draw near to their father in heaven? It was Pharaoh, as it is written, “And Pharaoh drew near.”

68) “And Moses said to the people, ‘Do not fear.’” Happy are Israel that a shepherd such as Moses walks among them. It is written, “And He remembered the days of old, Moses His people.” “And He remembered the days of old” is the Creator. “Moses His people,” since Moses was tantamount to the whole of Israel. We learn from this that the people’s shepherd is really the whole people. If he is rewarded, the whole of the people is righteous; and if he is not rewarded, the whole of the people are not rewarded and are punished because of him.

69) “Stand by and see the salvation of the Lord.” You need not make war, for the Creator will make war for you, as it is written, “The Lord will fight for you, and you will keep silent.” On that night, the Creator assembled His company and sentenced the sentence of Israel. If the fathers did not pray for Israel first, they would not have been saved from the Din [judgment]. Jacob’s merit protected Israel, as it is written, “Had it not been the Lord who was on our side, let Israel now say.” This is Ysrael Saba, meaning Jacob.

The Lord Will Fight for You, and You will Keep Silent

70) “If because of the Sabbath, you turn your foot from doing what you wish on My holy day.” Happy are Israel, for the Creator desires them, to cling unto them more than all the other nations in the world. And out of the love for them, He brought them close to Him and gave them the Torah, and He gave them the Sabbath, which is holier than all the other days, and in which there is rest from everything and joy to all. The Sabbath is tantamount to the whole of Torah, and one who keeps the Sabbath, it is as though he kept the whole Torah.

71) “And call the Sabbath ‘a delight,’ the holy day of the Lord ‘honorable.’” It is the delight of everything: the delight of the soul and the body, the delight of the upper ones and of the lower ones. “And call” means that He will invite him, as one invites a guest: with a set table and with a house more in order than on the rest of the days. “And call the Sabbath,” ahead of time, to add from regular to holy. “The holy day of the Lord” is Yom Kippur [Day of Atonement], since Yom Kippur and the Sabbath are one.

72) “From seeking your own pleasure and speaking your own word,” so your speech of the Sabbath will not be as the speaking of a regular day, since that word of a regular day that is spoken on Sabbath rises and evokes a regular word above, and the Sabbath is blemished. One who invites a guest should trouble himself with him and not with another.

73) That word, which comes out of one’s mouth, rises and evokes an awakening above, for better or for worse. And one who sits in delight of the Sabbath must not evoke an ordinary day’s word, since he blemishes the holy day. One who sits in the joy of the King, it is improper of him to leave the King and engage with another.

74) Each day, one must show a deed and evoke awakening below, from what he should evoke. However, on Sabbath, one should awaken only in the words of the Creator and the holiness of the day, and not on anything else, since on Sabbath, there is no need for an awakening from below.

75) When Pharaoh drew near, to make war with Israel, at that time the Creator did not want Israel to evoke an awakening from below at all, since there was an awakening from above because the fathers evoked that awakening from above first, and their merit stood before Him. Thus, the Creator did not want Israel to awaken below at all, as it is written, “The Lord will fight for you, and you will keep silent.” “Keep silent” indeed, and do not evoke what you should not. Here the holy Name is included in the inscribed letters HaVaYaH, which is Rachamim, as it is written, “The Lord will fight for you,” even though HaVaYaH is Rachamim and war is Din.

76) HaVaYaH is Rachamim everywhere. Even though He makes wars and executes Din, that Din is in Rachamim. And here it is written, “The Lord will fight for you,” and no Rachamim appear to be in that Din at all, for it is written, “And not one of them will remain.”

77) Even here, the Din was in Rachamim, since the sea covered them and they died, and afterwards the sea emitted them. The Creator wished for their honor and they were buried in the land. But the land did not wish to receive them until the Creator reached His right hand to her and she received them, as it is written, “You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them.” For this reason, that Din was in Rachamim.

78) For this reason, the Creator did not want Israel to evoke something in the world below. Had Israel evoked something below, the Rachamim would not have awakened there and the Din would not have been carried out with Rachamim. It is written, “The Lord will fight for you, and you will keep silent,” meaning do not stir up anything because the name of Rachamim must awaken on them so that the Din will be done with Rachamim. Hence, you must not cause any flaw or evoke another thing, meaning Din without Rachamim, since an awakening below would only activate the Din.

79) It is written, “And the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations.” Was this Din with Rachamim? Indeed, the Din was with Rachamim, since their death was not as the death of the rest of the people in the world. Instead, the Creator had mercy on them that they will not be as the death of the rest of the people in the world, who were killed with ease, without sorrow. It is written, “Their flesh will rot while they stand on their feet.” Thus, the Din was in Rachamim.

80) Everywhere, this name is Din in Rachamim, except for one place, where it writes, “The Lord will go forth like a warrior.” Is the Creator like a warrior and not a real warrior? He will change His garments and will wear other garments. In other words, He will change His Midat ha Rachamim [quality of mercy] and wear the clothes of Din, as a man of war He will change his weapons from Rachamim to Din. Thus, in this place, the Rachamim has been changed into Din.

81) Yet, there is more Din here than Rachamim. And yet there is Rachamim in Him, as it is written, “The Lord will go forth like a warrior; He will arouse His zeal like a man of war,” and not like a real warrior, who is all Din. “Like a man of war,” and not a real man of war, who is all Din. Indeed, although He executes Din, He has mercy over His creations, hence “The Lord will fight for you,” indeed, “And you will keep silent,” so you will not arouse only Din. Happy are Israel, whom the Creator has chosen as His lot and His inheritance, as it is written, “For the Lord’s portion is His people; Jacob is the allotment of His inheritance.”

Why Are You Yelling Out to Me?

82) “And the Lord said to Moses, ‘Why are you Yelling out to Me?’” It is written, “And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow Jonah … and Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the stomach of the fish.” Why does it write above, “And the Lord appointed a great fish”? Appointing means allotting.

83) It should have said, “And the Lord allotted Jonah to the fish, meaning that he is the portion that the Creator had sent to the fish. However, certainly, this fish was the lot for Jonah, to keep him from all the other fish at sea and to have him concealed in it. And when the Creator brought him inside of it, Jonah saw in its intestines the vastness of its intestines as though it was a great palace. Also, the two eyes of the fish illuminated like the sun, and a jewel was in its intestines, illuminating for him, and he saw all that there was in the sea and in the deep.

84) Thus, what does it mean when it writes, “I called out of my distress,” because from this, it does not seem that he had all that comfort over there. Indeed, after this fish showed all that was at sea and in the deep, it died, for it could not tolerate him for three days, and then it became pressing for Jonah.

85) When Jonah saw all that comfort, he was delighted. The Creator said, “What more do you need? Is this what I brought you here for?” What did the Creator do? He killed that fish, and all the other fish in the sea were circling that fish. One bit it on that side, and one bit it on the other side, and then Jonah saw himself in trouble. Promptly, “And Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the stomach of the fish.”

86) In the beginning, the text called it, “fish” [in singular form in Hebrew], and now it calls it “fish” [in plural form], since it already died, as it is written, “And the fish that are in the Nile will die.” And then it is written, “I called out of my distress.” It does not write, “I was in distress, or I was situated in distress,” but “I called out of my distress,” meaning that the fish were causing me distress. And it is written, “I cried for help from the stomach of Sheol” [the netherworld], since it died. It does not write, “From the stomach of a living one” or “From the stomach of a fish,” but indeed, it was dead and this is why it was called “Sheol.”

87) When he prayed his prayer, the Creator accepted him, revived that fish, and brought him out to land before everyone’s eyes, as it is written, “And the Lord said to the fish, and it vomited Jonah up,” and everyone saw the act of the Creator.

88) “And Jonah prayed unto the Lord his God,” meaning he prayed to the place to which he was tied, the quality of Malchut. It is written, “The Lord his God,” and it does not write only, “And he prayed to the Lord,” but “To the Lord his God.” This indicates the quality to which he was tied. Here, too, “And the Lord said unto Moses, ‘Why are you yelling out to Me?’” it is precisely “To Me,” to My quality, which is Tifferet, to which Moses was tied. However, this depends on luck, as it is written, “The tearing of the Red Sea extended from Mazla [luck/fortune], which is the holy Dikna.

89) “Speak to the sons of Israel and they will go,” meaning they will go from much talking, for now is not the time for prayer. To which place did He command them to go? After all, they were by the sea. However, this concerns before, when it is written, “Why are you yelling out to Me,” meaning to Tifferet, and they all stood in that place, Tifferet, for all of Israel were tied to Tifferet. This is why he said, “And they will go,” meaning that Israel would go from here, from Tifferet, and will come to connect to the Mazla, which is the Dikna, for now is not the time for Tifferet, but the matter depends on Mazla.

Lift Up Your Staff

90) “And you, lift up your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea.” “Your staff” is the one in which the holy Name is inscribed, “And stretch out your hand,” on the side of the holy Name. And when the waters see the holy Name, they will run from it. Hence, “And stretch out your hand,” to one side of the staff, since you will need the other sides of the staff for other things—for striking the rock.

91) Sometimes, this staff is called “the staff of God,” and sometimes, “the staff of Moses.” However, it is all one, whether you say “the Creator’s staff” or “Moses’ staff.” This staff is to evoke the side of Gevura. This is why it is written, “Stretch out your hand,” meaning the left hand, which is on the side of Gevura.

92) Woe unto those who do not see and do not look in the Torah. The Torah calls out before them each day, but they do not notice. From the side of Gevura, water awakens in the world and water comes out. And now the Creator wished to dry up the water. Why does it say, “And stretch out you hand,” which is the left hand, Gevura?

93) “Lift up your staff” is to dry up the water, and “Stretch out your hand” is to bring the water back, to evoke the side of Gevura, to bring the water back over the Egyptians. This is why both things are here, as it is written, “Lift up your staff,” and “stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it.” One is to dry the water and the other is to bring the water back over the Egyptians.

94) How is land made within the sea? After all, there were deeps there. The Creator performed a miracle within a miracle, as it is written, “The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea,” and they were walking on land within the sea, as it is written, “And the sons of Israel shall go through the midst of the sea on dry land.”

And He Removed the Wheel of His Chariots

95) “And I looked at the animals, and behold, one wheel was on the earth beside the animals.” The Creator shows His governance in everything, and His governance will not be removed for all eternity.

96) “And He makes governance with the patriarchs.” He took Abraham and sustained the world with him, as it is written, “These are the generations of the heaven and the earth BeHibaram [when they were created].” Do not pronounce it, BeHibaram, but BeAvraham [in Abraham], in whom the heaven and earth existed. He took Isaac and planted the world with him, that it may persist forever, as it is written, “And I will establish My covenant, Isaac.” He took Jacob, sat him down before Him, played with him, and was glorified in him, as it is written, “Israel, in you I will be glorified.”

97) Jacob is gripped to the tree of life, in which there is never any death, for all of life has evolved in this tree, and it gives life to all who cling to it. For this reason, Jacob did not die. When did he die? When it is written, “And he gathered his feet unto the bed.”

The bed is as it is written, “Behold, it is the bed of Solomon,” which is Malchut. And because it is written of this bed, “Her legs go down to death,” it is written, “And he gathered his feet unto the bed.” And then, “He perished and was gathered unto his peoples.” However, as long as he clung to the tree of life, which is ZA, he did not die, since there is death only from the side of Malchut, and the Creator made Jacob the senior among the patriarchs, as it is written, “Jacob, whom I have chosen.”

“And I looked at the animals, and behold, one wheel was on the earth beside the animals.” How does this text relate to the verse, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots”? The animals are in HGT de ZA through the Chazeh, and the wheels are from the Chazeh down of NHY de ZA, where there is the Nukva de ZA.

There are two points in the Nukva de ZA: 1) the point that is mitigated in Bina, who is Rachamim and is called Miftacha [key]; 2) the point of the unmitigated Midat ha Din [quality of judgment], which is called Man’ula [lock].

From the perspective of the second point, Malchut is unfit for the upper light because the Tzimtzum [restriction] is on her, and all the Mochin that she receives relate only to the first point, called Miftacha. Hence, the second point is concealed within the first, and the first point is disclosed and dominating. Through this correction, Malchut is fit for reception of Mochin.

This is why it is written, “And I looked at the animals, and behold, one wheel was on the earth beside the animals.” Even though there are two points in Malchut, as it is written, “Their appearance and workmanship being that of one wheel within another,” for the wheel of the Man’ula is concealed within the wheel of the Miftacha. Still, only one wheel is working in it, the Miftacha, and the other wheel is completely undetectable. All the Mochin of Malchut depend on the correction of the wheel of Miftacha, and all the more so the Sitra Achra, who receives from her. When He wished to destroy Egypt, He removed this correction, as it is written, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots.”

The upper Merkava [chariot/assembly] is the root of all the Merkavot [plural of Merkava], HGT de ZA and the Malchut, from Chazeh de ZA and above. The patriarchs are the Merkava, and when it is said, “He makes governance with the patriarchs,” it means that Bina made governance in HGT de ZA, which are the legs of her Merkava. He took Abraham and sustained the world with him because Abraham is the right line, Hesed de ZA, in whom the world, which is Malchut, exists. This is so because as long as the Hochma in her does not clothe in Hesed de ZA, she has no sustenance.

He took Isaac and planted the world with him, since Isaac is the left line, Gevura de ZA, from whom the Malchut is built, for Malchut was built of the left line of ZA. Thus, Isaac planted her and Abraham only sustained her, clothing her with Hassadim. He took Jacob and sat him down before Him, in the middle, since Jacob is the middle line, Tifferet de ZA, which decides between the two lines, right and left, sustaining the illumination of both of them. When it is written, “He played with him and was glorified in him,” it is because were it not for the middle line, there would be no light in Bina.

Jacob is gripped to the tree of life because the tree of life is gripped to Bina, where there is life, and it is called “the tree of life.” For this reason, Jacob did not die, for there is no grip to the Sitra Achra in him. However, when he connects to the Nukva, there will be a grip to the Sitra Achra because the Nukva has connected to him.

And when did he die? It is when it is written, “And he gathered his feet unto the bed,” when he connected to Malchut, then he died. This is so because it is written of this bed, “Her legs go down to death,” since she provides for the Sitra Achra, who are death, and all that there is for the Sitra Achra, they receive from the Malchut, the Nukva de ZA.

This explains the four legs of the upper Merkava, Bina, which are HGT de ZA and the Nukva that receives them. They are also called “four animals.” The four legs of the lower Merkava, from the Chazeh and below, are NHYM, and they are called “wheels,” due to the wheel within a wheel that is built in them, since the entire part below Chazeh de ZA belongs to the Nukva that is corrected in a wheel.

98) All the camps above extend from the four camps of Divinity, the wheels. Also, all the camps are gripped in each other, degrees in degrees, the upper ones and lower ones hang down from one another and incorporate in one another. And there is a holy animal over them—the Nukva from Chazeh de ZA and above—where there are four animals. The Nukva is the fourth animal, and all the masses and the camps journey under her hand, under her authority, going by her and camping by her. This is so because all the chariots, animals, and wheels have only what they receive from this upper animal.

99) This is an animal to which all other animals cling. Several animals for animals hung down from it, meaning many animals cascaded from one another and were included degrees within degrees. And all the upper ones and lower ones go and sail at sea, in the Nukva. The upper ones are included in her, giving to her, and the lower ones are included in her, receiving from her, as it is written, “This is the sea, great and wide.”

100) When the sea raises its waves, the Dinim, all the ships rise and fall, as it is written, “They rose up to the heavens, they went down to the depths.” A storm was present, and strong wind was going over him forcefully. And the fish of the sea scatter to all sides: some to the east, some to the west, some to the north, and some to the south. And all the people in the world—on which these fish of the sea see an inscription, due to their sin—take them and swallow them in the caves of dust.

When the lower ones sin, the correction of the concealing of the wheel within a wheel is corrupted because of them, and Malchut of Midat ha Din [quality of judgment] appears, meaning that from her perspective, Malchut, the sea, is unfit to receive lights. Hence, the ships at sea, which are like the Merkavot [chariots/assemblies] on land, rise and fall and are on the verge of breaking. And the fish of the sea, which are the angels in Malchut—who were connected in the four directions, which are HG TM—because this light has parted, that link of HG TM has loosened and they scatter each to its own side, from which it was extended. And the people of the world who corrupted their ways and caused it, because their sin is inscribed within them, swallow them in the caves of dust, in Malchut of Midat ha Din, since dust is the name of Malchut, and Midat ha Din that appeared in her is called “a cave.”

101) All the ships do not move from their places and do not rise or fall, except for the time when one leader of the sea comes and knows how to complete the stormy wind of the sea. When it rises over the sea, it pauses from its anger and rest is found. At that time, all the ships go by a straight path and do not stray to the right or to the left, as it is written, “There the ships go; this Leviathan that You have created to play with.” This is Yesod de ZA, the middle line, and all the fish of the sea assemble in their places, and all the animals are happy with him, and the animals of the upper field are happy, as it is written, “And all the animals of the field will play there.”

The stormy wind that comes at sea and the ships that rise and fall are already the beginning of the correction. This is so because during the Dinim [judgments] the sea freezes, for the sea freezes during the Dinim and the ships in it cannot move from their places, except for the time when one leader of the sea comes, the middle line, and raises the Masach de Hirik. At that time, that stormy wind appears first, meaning Malchut of Midat ha Din, and the ships go up and down. Afterward, he mitigates it in Midat ha Rachamim [quality of mercy] until she is fit for reception of light. This is the meaning of “He knows how to complete the stormy wind,” meaning he knows how to mitigate it in Midat ha Rachamim, and then he unites the right and left lines in each other. This is the meaning of the words, “All the ships go by a straight path and do not stray to the right or to the left,” but on the way of the middle line.

102) As it is above in HGT de ZA, there is below in NHY de ZA. And as it is below, there is at the bottom sea, in Malchut. Also, as it is above in HGT de ZA, there is in the upper sea, in Bina. And as it is above, there is below in NHY de ZA. And as it is below, there is in the bottom sea, Malchut.

103) The Guf [body] of the upper sea is Bina; its length and width, the heads and arms, as well as the body, all is as it should be, and all are called by his name. Similarly, in the sea below, Malchut, there is the head of the sea, the arms of the sea, and the body of the sea.

And as it is above in HGT de ZA, as there are four wheels of the Merkava [chariot/assembly] in ZA, HGT de ZA and the Nukva, they are included in the upper sea, in Bina, too. And HGT there are called “arms,” HG and Guf are Tifferet, and GAR are Rosh.

104) “Zebulun will dwell by the seashores … and his flank shall be toward Sidon.” But there was one sea in his inheritance; why does it say, “By the seashores”? Seashores are as it is written, “Who came out from Jacob’s thigh,” since Zebulun was the right thigh of the Guf, Netzah. This is why it is written, “His flank.” The Sea of Galilee was in his inheritance, and from here was the snail for the azure.

105) There are several Merkavot [plural of Merkava] over Merkavot, the wheels of the Merkava run quickly, and the supports of the Merkava do not deter from riding them. The Merkava of the appointee over Egypt is not found to be a complete Merkava, for it is written, “And He removed the wheels of his chariots.” There were several Merkavot going on one support of a wheel, over which he was appointed, since this was removed from his dominion. When it was removed from his ruling, all the Merkavot were removed from their governance and did not go. Then, all those below in this world were removed from their dominion, as it is written, “Over Egypt, over Pharaoh, and over those who trust him.”

It was said that several Merkavot were going on the support of one wheel, meaning on a single wheel, the point of Malchut that is corrected in Midat ha Rachamim, without which they would be unfit for reception of light. This is so because once the correction of the Malchut that is mitigated in Midat ha Rachamim has been removed, all the Merkavot were removed from their dominion and did not go, for they were no longer worthy of receiving light. Thus, their dominion has been removed and this is why they could not go.

106) At that time, the governance of Egypt ruled over all the other nations, since the power of the Egyptians broke, meaning the power of the mitigated Malchut, from which the Egyptians suckled all their power. The power of the rest of the nations broke, as it is written, “Then the chiefs of Edom were alarmed.” It is also written, “The peoples have heard, they tremble,” since they all clung to the work of Egypt, and clung to the Egyptians to deliver them. At that time, they all asked for help from Egypt to grow stronger. For this reason, their hands became limp when they heard of the mighty deeds that the Creator executed in Egypt, they could not stand, and were all shaken and broken from their dominion.

107) Certainly, when their power broke above, the power of all those who cling to it broke, since because the force of everyone above has been broken, all those below broke due to that force that was broken first. For this reason, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots” means the power of above. “And they drove them with difficulty,” since when it broke, they did not go.

108) It does not write, “And He removed the wheels of his chariots” or “The wheel of his chariot.” Both of them are in plural form or both are in singular form. However, it writes, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots,” where wheel is in singular and chariots is in plural. This is so because the wheel is the power to which they all clung. This is why it was said in singular.

109) Happy are Israel, for the Creator wishes to cling to them and to be a part to them, and they will be His part, as it is written, “And cling unto Him.” It is also written, “And you who cling unto the Lord your God.” It is really “The Lord,” and it is written, “For Jacob has chosen Koh for himself.” And it is written, “For the portion of the Lord is His people, Jacob the lot of His inheritance,” meaning He took them out of the seed of holiness to be His lot. But the Sitra Achra and the nations of the world have no hold in ZA whatsoever. For this reason, He has given them the high and holy Torah, which has been hidden for two thousand years before the world was created. And for His love, He gave it to Israel, to follow it and to cling unto it.

110) All the camps above and all the Merkavot [chariots/assemblies] are gripped to each other degree-to-degree; the upper and lower are tied together, as it is written, “This is the great sea.” And the holy animal is over them, the Nukva from Chazeh de ZA and above, receiving from the three animals of ZA, and she is the fourth animal, from which everyone receives, even the Merkavot of the Sitra Achra and the nations of the world. And all the masses and the camps journey under her hand, going by her word and pausing by her word. When she goes, everyone goes, since everyone is gripped to her.

111) When the Creator wished to remove Pharaoh’s masses below, He first removed their power above. He removed it, and He removed that high and holy place, the point of Malchut that is mitigated in Bina, which is set up on the holy animal that leads all those Merkavot of Egypt’s minister above. This is so because all the Merkavot are in her possession, even those of the Sitra Achra. When this one departed, all the camps and Merkavot could not ride. And since they could not, the governance of the appointee over Egypt was removed and he was taken through burning fire. And then the governance of Egypt was removed. This is why they said, “Let us flee from the children of Israel.” What is the reason? It is because they saw the appointee over the Egyptians being burned in the fire.

112) When Israel were approaching the sea, the Creator called the minister appointed over the sea and told him, “When I created the world, I appointed you over the sea, and I have a condition with the sea: its waters must divide before My sons. Now is the time for My sons to pass through the sea.” Afterwards, it is written, “And the sea regained its strength at daybreak.” What is “Regained its strength”? It is to the condition that it had with the Creator when He created the world, since “[to] its strength” comprises the same letters as “to its condition” [in Hebrew].

113) Israel were by the sea, and Israel saw the waves of the sea rising and falling. They raised their eyes and saw Pharaoh and his masses. They feared and cried out. It is written, “The sea saw.” What did the sea see? It saw Joseph’s coffin and fled from it, since it is written about Joseph, “He fled and he went outside.” Hence, because of that, the sea saw and fled. It is also written, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots … And Egypt said, ‘let us flee from Israel,’” since they saw as if the land of Egypt was being consumed by fire. Then they said, “Let us flee from the children of Israel.”

114) When the Creator wishes to remove a government in the earth, He does not do so until He removes its government in the firmament. And He does not remove the firmament until He appoints another in its stead, so their service in the firmament will not be deficient, to keep what is written, “And to whom He wants, He will give it.”

115) “Lord, our Lord, how great is Your name in all the earth.” When the Creator wishes to break the power of the idol worshipping nations, He intensifies His Din over them and breaks them, and removes their government from before Him.

116) “That give Your splendor over the heavens.” What is, “That give Your splendor”? It is the deepest river of all, Bina. David prayed his prayer to extend from it over the heavens, ZA, and this is the “That,” which is the name of Bina, as it is written, “I am that I am.”

117) When that river, the deepest of all, Bina, extends and comes out over the heavens, ZA, all are in joy and the queen, Malchut, is crowned with the King, ZA, and all the worlds are glad and the governance of the idol worshipping nations is removed from the queen. At that time, all those who clung to her raise their heads.

121) “And Aaron took Elisheva, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, for his wife.” The assembly of Israel, Malchut, is called Elisheva, after the Sheva [seven] Sefirot in her. Aaron is her best man, to set up her house, to serve her, and to bring her to the King, ZA, to bond. Henceforth, every priest who serves in the Temple is Malchut’s best man, like Aaron.

122) Ahimelech was a great high priest. All those priests with him were the queen’s best men, meaning Malchut’s. When they were killed, the queen remained alone, without a Zivug with ZA, and her best man was lost. Thus, there was no one to serve before her, to set up her house, and to delight her in mating with the King.

From that day forth she moved to the left side and stands over the world, lurking for everyone, killing for Saul and for his sons. Several thousands and several tens of thousands of Israel died, and that sin still hung until Sennacherib came and startled everything.

123) It is written, “Yet today at Nob.” This is the high day, the assembly of Israel, Malchut, who lost her best man, who remained without the right, to embrace in the left, since the priest is the right. For this reason, “Yet today at Nob,” to demand judgment for the killing of Nob, the city of priests, until it is written about that sin, “And Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.”

124) It is written, “The Hill of Saul has fled.” Saul is here because he killed the priests in Nob and caused the right arm to be uprooted from the world. Because of this sin of his, those of his dwelling place, The Hill of Saul, fled from the king of Assyria. Since that day, no man has passed in that place, to avoid risking himself.

125) Happy is the man who has found wisdom. It is a man for whom the Creator has provided a treasure on the way: the face of Divinity. It is written about it, “But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn.”

126) “For David, a psalm. The earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains.” In another place, it is written, “A psalm of David.” “For David, a psalm” implies to the singing that David said about the assembly of Israel, Malchut. “A psalm of David” implies to the singing that David said about himself.

127) “The earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains.” “The Lord’s” is the Creator, ZA. “The earth and all it contains” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut. And her multitude, which connects to her, is called “All it contains,” as it is written, “The whole earth is full of His glory.” “The world and those who dwell in it” is the land below, which is called “The world,” and which clings to the Din [judgment] above, of Malchut. It is written about it, “And He will judge the world in righteousness.” Whether individuals, a nation, or the whole world, they are judged by this Din, the Din of Malchut, called Tzedek [justice].

128) Pharaoh suckled from that Din until he and his whole nation were lost. Since this Din of Malchut awakened upon them, that appointee that was appointed to rule over them was removed, at which time everyone below were lost, as it is written, “And He removed the wheel of his chariots.” “The wheel of his chariots” means Pharaoh’s chariots. And their wheel is the appointee who rules over them. Hence, they all died at sea, in the upper sea, in Malchut that was awakened upon them and by which they were blotted out. This is why they drowned in Yam Suf [The Red Sea], for it marks the Sof [end] of the degrees, Malchut, by which they were blotted out.

129) “And He made them drive it heavily.” A person is being led on the road that he walks. Regarding Pharaoh, it is written, “But the heart of Pharaoh was made heavy.” It is with that that the Creator led Pharaoh, with actual heaviness. The Creator told him, “You have made your heart heavy, I lead you in it.” Hence, “And He made them drive it heavily.”

130) “The Egyptians said, ‘Let us flee.’” “The Egyptians said” is the appointee who was appointed over Egypt, their minister above. Since his government was overthrown, how could he chase Israel?

131) This is certainly so, but “The Egyptians said” is not their appointee, but Egypt below. “For the Lord is fighting for them against the Egyptians” means the Egypt above, their appointee. And since their strength broke above, their strength and might broke below, as it is written, “For the Lord is fighting for them against the Egyptians.” Precisely, against Egypt, which is their strength above, their appointee.

Where it writes only “The king of Egypt” and does not say “Pharaoh,” it refers to the minister appointed over Egypt. Here, too, in Egypt, it is the appointee over Egypt. But here when it says, “The Egyptians said, ‘Let us flee from the children of Israel,’” it refers to Egypt below, since they saw that the force and might of their appointee above were broken.

132) When the assembly of Israel awakens, meaning Malchut, all those who cling to her awaken, as well as all the others below, meaning all the nations, and Israel is above all of them because they take her in the stem of the tree, when she is connected to ZA, called “the tree of life.” For this reason, Israel grip her more than all the nations of the world. And when they awaken to harm Israel, the force of those who govern them—their appointees above—breaks.

133) That appointee is the governor of Egypt, who oppresses Israel by several enslavements. And after he was broken first, the kingdoms below were broken, as it is written, “For the Lord is fighting for them against the Egyptians.”

And the Angel of God Went

134) Before the pure air was found and did not shine, the punctured stones were blocked. Three Ruchot [winds, plural of Ruach] that are included in three were sunken, and water was blocked under the holes. By seventy-two letters do these stones return to their place.

The order of elicitation of the lights is in the three points—Holam, Shuruk, and Hirik. First, Malchut rises to Bina, below her Hochma. Then Bina and TM fall below her degree to ZA, and she remains with only two Sefirot, Keter and Hochma, and two lights, Ruach and Nefesh. This is considered that the Bina was punctured and only the female light remained in her, shining from below upwards. Hence, her Sefirot are called “punctured stones,” and this is the point of Holam.

Afterwards, through the illumination of AB SAG de AK, Malchut returns and descends from Bina to her place, and Bina and TM return and rise from ZA to Bina. This completes the Bina with five Sefirot KHB TM once again, and with five lights NRNHY. Then the holes are closed because the femaleness in her has been cancelled. But the lights are blocked for lack of Hassadim, since Hochma cannot shine without clothing of Hassadim, and this is the point of Shuruk.

Before the complete Hassadim—called “empty air”—are revealed to clothe the Hochma in the left line of Bina, the punctured stones are blocked. This means that the holes were closed due to the return of Bina and TM to their degree, and she could already shine from above downwards as male light, but the lights were blocked in her, too, because Hochma does not shine without Hassadim.

It is known that when the Bina raises her Bina and TM to her, from inside ZA, HGT de ZA rise to her along with them, clothing these Bina and TM. Then, when ZA is in Bina, ZA is regarded as three Ruchot [plural of Ruach] included in three Ruchot, HGT de ZA, whose Sefirot are in the form of Ruach, included in three—Bina and TM de Bina—which are clothed on them. Their illumination was not apparent because if the illumination of Hassadim in ZA were apparent, the Hochma would clothe in Hassadim and the stones of Bina would not be blocked.

When it was said above, “And water was blocked,” it means that the Hassadim in ZA were blocked under the holes, although there is the Masach de Hirik in Nukva in ZA, on which the light of Hassadim later appears. But now the water was blocked because the whole of ZA was immersed. Later, however, ZA awakens with the Masach de Hirik in him and raises MAN, bringing out the Hassadim to clothe the Hochma.

It was said, “By seventy-two letters do these stones return to their place.” This means that the Hochma in the left line of Bina clothes in these Hassadim and the blocked stones in her return to their place, meaning their illumination opens in the seventy-two letters in the verse, “And the angel of God went,” which is the right line, the disclosure of Hassadim.

135) After seventy-two degrees, which are three times seventy-two letters, the stones were split and punctured under a sheaf that was carved, and the degrees gathered and became one group.

There are seventy-two letters in each of the three verses, “And the angel of God who went,” “And it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel,” “And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea,” and they are three lines. This is because the seventy-two letters in the verse, “And … went” are the right line, the seventy-two letters in the verse, “And it came” are the left line, and the seventy-two letters in the verse, “And … stretched” are the middle line.

It was written above that the stones return to their place by seventy-two letters. This refers to the letters in the verse, “And the angel of God who went,” which are the right line and Hassadim. But there are seventy-two combinations of three, three letters, from joining all three verses, and they are called “degrees” because there are three lines in each combination, and three lines are considered a degree.

It is also known that through the Masach de Hirik in the middle line, the left line of Bina diminishes from GAR to VAK de GAR and returns and elevates the Malchut to Bina, and the Bina splits again and becomes VAK, female light. After seventy-two degrees, which are three times—meaning once the three lines emerge, which are the seventy-two degrees implied in the verses, “And … went,” “And it came,” “And … stretched,”—the Sefirot de Bina, called “stones,” were split and punctured once more through the middle line in them, due to the sheaf that was carved in Dinim, in the Masach de Hirik in the middle line.

The degrees gathered and became one group, where through that Masach, which diminished the left line into VAK de GAR, the three lines were gathered and united into one group in a way that they do not shine without each other. And this is why he calls the Masach “sheaf,” because it bundles up all three lines into a single sheaf.

136) Afterwards, they were divided and became two degrees of water. Half the water froze and half of it sank. Some went up and some went down. Henceforth, the world began to divide.

When the left line governs, the water in the sea freezes because Hochma does not shine without Hassadim. Afterwards, through the Hassadim, they open and become liquid again, meaning they return to shine. However, not all the Hochma returns to shine, but only the VAK in Hochma, and the GAR in it disappear. This is why it is considered here that the water of Hochma was split into two degrees: VAK and GAR. The VAK froze during the dominion of the left, and then by disclosing the Hassadim they shine once more, and the GAR did not freeze but completely disappeared, since they do not shine even after the disclosure of the Hassadim.

This is why it was said that they were divided and became two degrees of water, GAR and VAK. Half the water froze, meaning VAK de Hochma return to being revealed through the Hassadim, and half of it sank, meaning that GAR completely disappeared. Some went up, meaning those that were revealed were shining from below upwards, which is VAK. And some went down, meaning that those that sank were shining from above downwards, which is GAR. Henceforth, the world began to divide, since only the bottom half of Hochma remained in the world, which is VAK.

137) There is one sheaf above, and it is carved in seventy-two signatures from the strong ring, and the waves of the sea are immersed in them. As they travel, they divide into four angles: one part rises, shining from below upwards, and this is the Nukva, west. One part descends, shining from above downwards, with the light of Hassadim. This is ZA, east. One part is to the north, which is left line, Gevura, and one part is to the south, right line, Hesed. When they unite, sizzling embers stand in the flaming sword which turns every way.

The Masach in the middle line is called “a sheaf” and serves at the place of Bina. It also serves from Chazeh de ZA upwards because they are one degree. There is also a sheaf that serves from Chazeh de ZA downwards, subduing the two lines that are there with its force.

But there is a great difference between them. The sheaf that operates from Chazeh de ZA upwards does not reveal the Dinim in it there, since it is at the end of the lines and the Dinim cannot blemish above their own place. This is not so with the sheaf from Chazeh de ZA downwards, in which the Dinim from the upper sheaf—which stands above it, at the place of Chazeh—are already included.

The three lines, HGT, above the Chazeh are called seventy-two degrees. These are the three verses, “And … went,” “And it came,” and “And … stretched.” Hence, the Dinim in the upper sheaf that stand at the end of the seventy-two degrees are called “seventy-two signatures of a strong ring.” “Seventy-two” after its illumination; “signatures” mean endings, since they are at the ends of the degrees; and “a strong ring” is the sheaf itself, the Masach de Chazeh where there are the Dinim.

This is why it was said, “There is one sheaf above,” the sheaf in the middle line from the Chazeh downward,” “And it is carved in seventy-two signatures from the strong ring,” meaning the Dinim in the upper sheaf that stands at the place of Chazeh, which are called so and bestow upon the lower sheaf.

However, they are still not regarded as Dinim that would put any blemish on the degree because the Dinim that appear in the sea, which are called “the waves of the sea,” will be silenced by the Dinim in the middle line below the Chazeh. Were it not for these Dinim in the bottom sheaf, the waves would not have been silenced and the sea, Malchut, would have been unable to shine. For this reason, they are not regarded as Dinim but as corrections.

These three lines do not disclose Hochma except when they travel, when the illumination of each appears specifically, one at a time, as three points—Holam, then Shuruk, and then Hirik—and then Malchut receives the disclosure of Hochma from them. But when they complete their illumination one at a time, which is called “traveling,” they rest. In other words, their illumination joins under the domination of the light of Hassadim and Hochma does not appear any longer.

And when they journey to reveal the illumination of Hochma, they divide into four angles, each of the three lines revealing its unique illumination—first, the right, and when the illumination of the right ends, the illumination of the left begins. Then the left shines, and when the illumination of the left ends, the middle one illuminates.

They are called “south,” “north,” and “east.” Then the west, Malchut, receives the Hochma from them, and once they complete their journey and all shine together, sizzling embers stand in the left line, regarding the flaming sword that turns every way, guarding the Hochma from appearing during the journey. This is why at that time there is disclosure only to the light of Hassadim.

138) “A pillar is stuck inside the sea.” A degree that is an emissary of a part of the upper state, Malchut from the Chazeh upwards, rises up that pillar and looks to the distance, to see the connections of ships sailing at sea. Who saw the waves rising and falling because of the Dinim in them, the wind, the middle line, blowing in them and silencing them, and the fish at sea, the angels, pulling all those ships to all directions and in this way, the Hochma appears?

Through Malchut’s ascent to Bina, all the degrees split in two. Keter and Hochma remain in the degree, and Bina and TM fall off it, descend, and clothe the degree below it. At the time of Gadlut, the Malchut descends from Bina to her place, and Bina and TM in each degree rise from the lower one and return each to its own degree.

Along with their ascent from the lower one, they take the lower one with them and raise it to the place of the upper one. And because there is no absence in the spiritual, they are always in the place of the lower one even after they have risen to their degree. Thus, each lower one rises to its own superior, and this is why these Bina and TM are considered a pillar that exists in each degree, by which it rises to the degree above it.

“A pillar is stuck inside the sea.” The sea is the Nukva from Chazeh de ZA downwards. And those Bina and TM of the degree of Chazeh de ZA upwards, which descend there, are considered the pillar through which all the discernments from Chazeh de ZA downwards rise to the degree of Chazeh de ZA upwards.

Thus, initially, Malchut was above Chazeh de ZA, as a fourth one to the patriarchs, which is the place of disclosure of Hochma. Afterwards, she diminished and descended below Chazeh de ZA. And since the whole source of disclosure of Hochma is above Chazeh de ZA, she therefore has a messenger—the angel Matatron, who rises above the Chazeh and extends the Hochma from the Chazeh down into the four animals of the bottom Merkava [structure], called “thousands of years.”

A degree that is a messenger of part of the upper state, Malchut from the Chazeh and above, Matat, is a messenger to extend and receive Hochma from the upper Malchut from the Chazeh upwards for the Malchut from the Chazeh down. It rises ever upward in this pillar, looking far away, meaning receiving Hochma, which is called “Looking far away.” It is written about it, “From afar the Lord appeared unto me.” They sail to the four directions of the world and reveal Hochma through Matat.

139) When that degree, Matat, descended from above the Chazeh, a thousand stand to his right and a thousand to his left, and he extends Hochma, implied in the number 1,000, between his right and his left. And he returns to from the Chazeh down and sits in his place as a king on his throne. When the sea, Malchut, sails to the four directions of the world, with what he exits, he also returns; he returns with the existence of the king.

The lines reveal the Hochma only by traveling on three places one by one, in Holam, Shuruk, and Hirik, which is the “forth.” But when they complete their journey and unite in their illumination during rest, which is the “back,” there is the flaming sword which turns every way on the left line, which keeps Hochma from disclosing outwards. When the sea, Malchut, sails to the four directions of the world, disclosing Hochma as it journeys, that degree, Matat, journeys with him and returns with him from her journey. He returns to keep the Mochin of the king in illumination of Hassadim, in which the Mochin exist.

140) Then, when the sea is in a state of “back,” announcers come out, and those who have eyes will raise them up above, those who have wings will rise and exist, those with faces will cover their faces until he journeys in his travels, and then the angel of God will journey.

Eyes are GAR de Hochma and Panim [face] is VAK de Hochma, as it is written, “A man’s wisdom [Hochma] illuminates his face.” “Those who have eyes will raise them up above,” meaning they will shine up above in Bina and will not be drawn below because they are GAR de Hochma and do not shine even while traveling. “Those who have wings,” the degrees of covered Hassadim, “Will rise and exist,” meaning extend their illumination. This is so because in a state of “back,” only the light of Hassadim shines, which is the illumination of those with wings. They should cover the illumination of the face during rest, which is “back,” since they shine only while traveling. “Those with faces will cover their faces,” meaning they will cover the illumination of Panim during the rest, for in a state of “forth,” they do not shine, but only while traveling. “Until he journeys in his travels, and then the light of Panim appears, as it is written, ‘And the angel of God, who went.’”

141) “She is like merchant ships; she brings her bread from afar.” “She is like merchant ships” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut. “She brings her bread from afar,” as it is written, “Behold, the name of the Lord comes from afar.” “She brings her bread” through the illumination of the middle line in the Masach de Hirik, which removes the GAR de Hochma and shines only in VAK. “She brings her bread” through one degree that is on it, the middle line, Yesod de ZA. And all those streams and springs that go by the sea are extended in it, as it is written, “All the rivers run into the sea.”

142) “All the rivers go into the sea … to the place where the rivers go, there they go again.” Even though all the rivers extend through Yesod, which lowers them into the sea, Malchut, do not say that it pours those rivers into the sea and others are not in it and they do not extend in it as in the beginning. This is why he repeated and said, “To the place where the rivers go, there they go again,” returning to the place of that degree from which the rivers once went.

“There they go again,” returning there from that upper place, meaning returning from Bina to Yesod, where the abundance never ends and all gather into that place in Yesod to go into the sea, Malchut. And that degree is called Tzadik [righteous], Yesod de ZA.

143) “There the ships go; You have formed this leviathan [whale] to play with.” “There the ships go,” meaning the ships go and sail in that sea until they come to join in Yesod. And then, “You have formed this leviathan [whale] to play with,” since leviathan is Yesod de ZA.

144) Very, very high, there is another Zivug that is in friendship and never parts—the Zivug of upper AVI, GAR de Bina. One who has a share in the next world, which is Bina, is rewarded with that Zivug.

145) “You have formed this leviathan [whale] to play with.” Ze [Hebrew: “this” in masculine form] is Yesod. Thus, even if he is not rewarded with Bina, he is still rewarded with receiving from the upper Zivug. The Creator has prepared everything to delight the righteous, as it is written, “Then shall you delight yourself in the Lord.”

146) The Creator has several thousands and several tens of thousands of holy camps: The upper “those who have faces,” those with eyes, those with arms [weapons], those who howl, those who wail, those with Rachamim, and those with Din. Above them, He placed the queen, Malchut, to serve before Him in his palace.

147) Correspondingly, the queen, Malchut, has camps of armed angels. The armed camps are in sixty faces, and they are all armed and stand around the Malchut. Some go and some come, and they fly throughout the world on six wings. There are burning embers before each of them, his clothes are blazing fire, on his back is the heat of the sword that is flaming throughout the world to guard before it, as it is written, “And the flaming sword which turns every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.”

148) Who is the one called “the way of the tree of life”? It is the great queen, Malchut, the way to the great and strong tree, ZA, called “the tree of life,” as it is written, “Behold, it is the bed of Solomon, sixty mighty men around it, of the mighty men of Israel,” ZA, “All are wielders swords.”

149) When the queen travels, they all travel with her, as it is written, “And the angel of God who went.” But is Malchut called “The angel of God”? The Creator established the palace of holiness before Him, the upper palace, a holy city, a superior city, Jerusalem the holy city. All those are names of Malchut. One who comes to the king enters only from the holy city, which is Malchut. From it, one takes the road to the king, for the road is set up from here.

150) “This is the gate of the Lord; the righteous will enter through it.” Each mission that the king, ZA, wishes, comes out through the house of the queen, Malchut. And each mission that comes from below the king, ZA, enters the queen first, and from there to the king. It turns out that the queen is everyone’s messenger, both from below upwards and from above downwards. Hence, she is everyone’s messenger, as it is written, “And the angel of God who went before the camp of Israel.”

Israel above is ZA, and the angel of God is Malchut, as it is written, “And the Lord went before them … to illuminate their way … by day and by night.” “By day and by night” means ZA and Malchut. Thus, Malchut went before Israel, as it is written, “And the angel of God who went before the camp of Israel.”

151) But is it respectable for the King, ZA, that the queen, Malchut, will go and make war and go on a mission? But like a king who mated with the upper queen, the king saw her merit, that she is above all the other queens in the world. He said, “They are all considered maidservants compared to this queen of Mine; she is above all of them. What shall I do for her? My whole house shall be in her hands.”

The King sent out an announcement: Henceforth, all the words of the King will be conveyed through the queen. And the King placed all His arms in her hands, all the warriors, all the King’s gems, and all the King’s treasures. He said, “Henceforth, anyone who wishes to speak with Me will not be able to speak with Me before he notifies the queen.

152) Thus, for the Creator’s fondness and love for the assembly of Israel, Malchut, He placed everything in her possession. He said, “Everything else is considered by her as nothing.” He said, “Sixty is Malchut, one is My dove, My undefiled. What shall I do for her? Indeed, My whole house will be in her hands.” The king sent out an announcement: Henceforth, all the words of the king will be conveyed through the queen. He placed all his arms in her hands, as it is written, “Behold, it is the bed of Solomon, sixty mighty men around it, all are wielders of swords, trained in war.”

153) The king said, “Henceforth, all My wars will be delivered into your hand, My arms and warriors will be in your hands, and henceforth, you will be My guard,” as it is written, “He who keeps Israel,” which is ZA, called “Israel.” From now on anyone who needs Me will not be able to speak to Me before he notifies the queen, as it is written, “With this shall Aaron enter the holy place.” Zot [Hebrew: “this” in female form] is Malchut, the messenger for everyone. It turns out that everything is in her hands. This is the honor of the queen, as it is written, “And the angel of God who went before the camp of Israel went behind them.”

154) “He went behind them,” so the warriors will be in front of them and will be revealed to them. This is so because other camps were approaching from above to wage war on Israel. Hence, “He went behind them, to give room for the warriors from the side of Israel to fight them.

155) At that time, the appointed minister that rules over Egypt came and collected six hundred Merkavot [assemblies/chariots] of slanderers, and six hundred appointed rulers slandering upon each Merkava, as it is written, “And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt.” But were the six hundred chariots not the chariots of Egypt? Why does it say, “And all the chariots of Egypt”? Indeed, SAM lent the minister of Egypt six hundred Merkavot of slanderers to help him, as it is written, “And he took six hundred chosen chariots,” who were not of Egypt.

156) When did the Creator repay SAM? In the war of Sisera, when the Creator uprooted all those Merkavot and they were given into the hands of the queen, as it is written, “The brook Kishon swept them away, that ancient brook.” But in the future, they will all be given, as it is written, “Who is this who comes from Edom?” Hence, “And he went behind them” means that at the end of days, Divinity is destined to uproot them from the world.

157) “The pillar of cloud moved.” A cloud always appears with Divinity; it is the angel Michael. This is the cloud into which Moses went. It is written, “And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud.” Thus, it is not Michael, who is Divinity, but the help of the righteous, who is Yesod de ZA. He spreads Hassadim over his Reshimo, which is the Masach, since Yesod spreads the Hassadim over the Hochma in Malchut, and then she can shine.

For this reason, this cloud goes by day—the time of illumination of Hassadim—as it is written, “By day the Lord will command His grace,” since this cloud comes from Hesed and it is called Hesed. And another cloud goes by night. It is called “a pillar of fire,” from the side of Malchut.

158) The pillar of cloud by day is Abraham, Hesed, and the pillar of fire by night is Isaac, Gevura. They are both in Divinity. The help of the righteous is that through that degree, they are in Divinity.

159) In this verse, “And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel went behind them,” “went” means that he went from the side of Hesed and clung to the side of Gevura. This is so because Hesed is Panim [anterior] and Gevura is Achoraim [posterior], since it was time to clothe in Din.

And … Went, And It Came, And … Stretched

160) At that time the moon, meaning Malchut, was completed in all the discernments and inherited seventy-two holy names in three sides, three lines. On the first side, the Malchut clothed in the crowns of the upper Hesed, in seventy engravings of the light of upper Aba that illuminated for her. This is the right line and the meaning of the verse, “And … went.”

161) On the second side, Malchut clothed in the spears of Gevura, the Dinim in her, in sixty strikes of fire and ten strikes of herself, which descend from the side of upper Ima in engraved Dinim. This is the left line and the meaning of the verse, “And it came.”

162) On the third side, Malchut clothed in a crimson garment worn by the Upper, Holy King, called Tifferet, who inherited the holy son, Tifferet, in seventy upper crowns from the side of AVI. It includes both—right, which is Hesed, and left, which is Gevura. And this is the meaning of the verse, “And … stretched.”

The root of the lines is in Bina. The right line in her is called “upper Aba.” The left line in her is called “upper Ima,” and the middle line in her is Tifferet, which decides between them. This is the meaning of “Three come out of one,” that the lower one, is also rewarded with all the Gadlut that it causes in the upper one. Hence, one is rewarded with the three of them, and Tifferet, too, is rewarded with the two lights of AVI—right and left. Subsequently, when Tifferet attained the three lines, two from AVI and one of its own, it dispenses them to Malchut.

This is as it was said above that then the moon—Malchut—is completed in every discernment and inherits seventy-two holy names in three sides—three lines, since these three lines are the three verses, “And … went,” “And it came,” and “And … stretched.” In each of them there are seventy-two letters, and joining them together gives the seventy-two holy names, in each of which are three letters from the three verses.

On one side, Malchut clothed in the crowns of the upper Hesed, in seventy engravings of the light of upper Aba, who illuminated for her. He is the right line in Bina, which shines to Hesed de Tifferet, who clothes in Atarot [“crowns” in female form] of this upper Hesed of Tifferet. This is the meaning of the verse, “And … went.”

Also, from Gevura de Tifferet, she receives the illumination of the left line from upper Ima, who is called “Sixty strikes of fire,” as it is written, “Sixty mighty men around it.” This is why it was said that on the other side, Malchut clothed in the spears of Gevura, meaning the Gevura in Tifferet, in sixty strikes of fire and ten of her own strikes. They descend from the side of upper Ima in engraved Dinim because Tifferet receives them from the left line of upper Ima. This is the meaning of the verse, “And it came.”

Also, she receives the middle line itself from Tifferet de Tifferet, as it is said, “The third side, Malchut clothed in a crimson garment,” which the upper, holy King, called Tifferet, wore. This is so because being the middle line, it contains both colors—white and red—within it, whose mixture is crimson. These are the two lines of Bina that he inherited in the matter of “Three come out of one, and one is rewarded with all three.”

The two lines—right and left—of Bina are called Hochma and Bina. However, their names were changed to Aba and Ima, and Tifferet—the middle line—is called “their son.” The lights hang down from one another by cause and consequence in a gradual order, and here the lights did not come out by order of degree because a correction was made that Malchut rose to Bina. Thus, Bina acquired the form of the restricted Malchut and her Bina and TM descended to the degree of ZA.

As a result, at the time of Gadlut, when Bina raised her Bina and TM from the degree of ZA, ZA rose along with them to the place of Bina. By that, a middle line was made in there and received the lights of Bina, although in the order of degree, ZA is unfit whatsoever to receive and to shine like Bina.

And since this light came to ZA not by order of degree but by the descent of Bina and TM de Bina, which raised ZA to the place of Bina, as well as the matter of one being rewarded with three, this light is therefore called “light of begetting,” and not by cause and consequence. For this reason, ZA is called “son,” meaning light of begetting, and it is the reason why Hochma and Bina are called AVI, since they begot this light, which is called ZA.

163) There are two Atarot [crowns] from the side of Aba and Ima, and they are seventy-two names. From the side of Hesed they are seventy, and two are witnesses. From the side of Gevura they are seventy, and two writers. From the side of Tifferet they are seventy, and two colors for decoration.

Tifferet, ZA, gives to Malchut seventy crowns from each side. Even though ZA receives the three lines of Bina, he still does not receive from the actual GAR of the two lines in Bina, which are called AVI, but from their ZAT, each of which consists of ten. And they are three times seventy crowns.

Thus, why is it called seventy-two names? It should have been called “seventy names,” since besides the seventy crowns, which are ZAT that receives from the two lines in Bina, which are called AVI, it receives two additional crowns from GAR de AVI, as in, one is rewarded with all three. For this reason, Tifferet, which is considered ZAT, rose and became Daat, regarded as GAR. And because of these two additional crowns of GAR, it is called “seventy-two names.”

This addition exists in each of its three lines. In Hesed, they are called “two witnesses,” in Gevura, “two writers,” and in Tifferet, “two colors.” This is similar to a gift-deed where there is the writing of the writer and the signature of the witnesses. But the authority of the gift-deed is certainly the writing of the writer, who wrote and detailed all the goods that the giver gives to the receiver. And yet, without the signature of the witnesses, the bill would be worthless. It is all the more so if there was only the signature of the witnesses there, without the writing of the writer; this would certainly be worthless.

Thus, the name AB here is primarily to extend Hochma to the Nukva, regarding “And … went,” “And it came,” and “And … stretched.” The Hochma extends only from the left line. Yet, without its clothing in the Hassadim in the right line, it cannot shine. Hence, The Zohar compares the two crowns on the left line to two writers, where the writing of the writer is the core of the bill. And it compares the two crowns on the right line to two witnesses, where even though they add nothing to the writing of the writer, they validate the entire bill, for without them the bill is worthless.

Here, too, the illumination of Hochma is worthless without the Hassadim, for it cannot shine without Hassadim; hence, they are called “two witnesses.” Also, it compares the two crowns in the middle line to two colors because colors indicate Dinim, and Dinim of the Masach de Hirik extend from the middle line. But if they are Dinim, what is their relation to GAR, for which they are called “two crowns”? Not only do these Dinim not blemish the lights at all, they even adorn them, for without them, there would not be unification between the two lines.

164) In this place, in Malchut, one was carved in one in Malchut, meaning the seventy-two crowns in each line are included in one another and the holy Name—the Merkava [assembly/structure]—rises from them. This is so because they become seventy-two names where in each there are three letters, and here the patriarchs, HGT, are carved, meaning the three lines, to join together. And this is the holy Name, AB, engraved in its letters.

165) The combination of letters: the first letters, the seventy-two letters of the verse, “And … went,” are written in order, directly, since directness indicates Hesed because all the first letters are in Hesed, the right line, going in a direct, corrected order.

166) The second letters, the seventy-two letters of the verse, “And it came,” are written inversely; they are registered from the bottom up. This is so because all seventy-two second letters are in Gevura to disclose Dinim and arms, which come from the left. And when they are in advance they imply Dinim.

167) The third letters, the seventy-two letters of the verse, “And … stretched,” are letters that are written so as to show the colors, which are the Dinim, to crown in the holy King. And they all connect and bond in Him because He is the middle line, and He crowns in his crowns in a direct manner and writes to this side and to that side, to the right line and to the left line, since it keeps the illumination of both, like a king who is crowned by everything.

168) Here the Holy Name is carved in seventy-two words, where three times seventy-two letters in each of the three lines join and combine together and make seventy-two words, where each word contains three letters from the three lines. They are crowned in the patriarchs, HGT, which are the upper, holy Merkava.

Why are these letters in triplets not written in two ways, some directly, in order, and some inversely, to straighten to this side and to that side, to the right line and to the left line, keeping the illumination of both? It is written, “You have established equity,” meaning that the Creator establishes equity and keeps both sides.

It is also written, “The middle bar in the center of the boards.” This is the Creator, the middle line, which sustains both sides. Hence, He should have been registered half in a direct order, as right line, and half inversely, as left line. However, this is Jacob, and it is all one, since Jacob, too, indicates the middle line.

169) This is like a king who is whole in every way and whose mind is whole. What is the way of that king? His face always shines like the sun, since he is whole. And when he sentences, he sentences for better and for worse. Hence, one should be wary of him. A fool sees the king’s face shining and laughing and is not wary of him. But one who is wise says that the king is certainly whole even when he sees the king’s face shining. He is whole in everything; his mind is whole, and he sees that there is judgment in that light, and it was covered even though it is not seen. Otherwise, the king would not be whole. Therefore, one must be wary.

170) Similarly, the Creator is always whole in this way and in that, on the right side and on the left side. However, He is seen only in a shining face. For this reason, these foolish wicked ones are not wary of Him. But those righteous wise say, “The King is whole. And even though His face shines, Din is covered within them. Hence, one should be wary of Him.”

This settles the question about why the seventy-two letters in the middle line were not registered half in a direct order and half inversely, to include the Dinim in the left within it, too. This is so because the Dinim in the left are covered in Him, and His face is always shiny and joyful like the lights of the right, which is why His letters are written only in a direct order, like the right.

171) Now we should settle the question of why the seventy-two letters of the middle line were not registered half in a direct order and half inversely. It is written, “I the Lord do not change,” meaning I did not skip to another place. And even though the two lines are included, since I still did not change Myself because of that, skipping to the left, but remained in the right.

This is so because everything is included in Me, and these two colors—white and red—are included in Me, in My Hassadim. The illumination of the left does not appear in Me but in Malchut. Hence, all the letters in the middle line appear in direct order, and although the letters are gripped to this side and to that side, to the right and to the left, they are still written in their direct order.

172) “And the angel of God who went,” meaning thus far one side, Hesed for Abraham, right line. When the holy Atik illuminated to the king, ZA, he illuminated for him and crowned him with the upper, holy crowns, which are light of Hassadim of upper AVI, which are GAR. When the Hassadim reach him, the patriarchs—meaning the three lines, HGT—are crowned. And when the patriarchs are crowned, everything is perfected. Then the queen travels in her journeys with the completeness of the patriarchs, and when she is crowned by all three patriarchs, three lines, she bonds and the authority for everything is in her hands.

173) Similarly, the holy Name is engraved in the letters inscribed in the upper Merkava, which are the decoration of the patriarchs.

174) In the blowing of a Shofar [blowing of a ram’s horn] it is written three times, “And so”: “And so shall grow,” “And so give Your fear,” and “And so give glory.” And it does not say, “And so the righteous.” The three times “And so” correspond to the three verses, “And … went,” “And it came,” and “And … stretched,” and not more. In Gematria, “And so” is seventy-two, and seventy-two implies three times “And so” on the three lines of the name, AB. And all is included in this holy Name and concealed in it, for all three lines of the name, AB, are included in Malchut.

It turns out that there is completeness of the holy Merkava in Malchut. This is why there are four times seventy-two, the three lines HGT, and Malchut. Hence, there are also four times “And so,” which also cause “And so the righteous.”

175) This is the holy Name, the crowning of the patriarchs, HGT, who are crowned by their engraving in their joining together. They are the wholeness of the holy Merkava [assembly], which are included in forty-eight words, which is the perfection of everything and the essence of the roots.

The seventy-two names are seventy-two words of three letters, divided into three thirds by the three lines in it. The first third is Hesed, right line. The second third is Gevura, left line. The third is Tifferet, middle line. It is known that the essence of the lines is the right and the left; which are considered the GAR, but the middle line only sustains their illumination and is considered VAK.

There are forty-eight words in the two thirds of Hesed and Gevura, and all the lights of this name are included in the first two thirds, which are forty-eight words. This is so because the two lines—right and left—are the whole of the name and the primary roots, since all the roots are in them. And the bottom third, the twenty-four letters of the third line, are only branches of the upper ones from which it receives, as in “One is rewarded with three.”

176) The stem of the tree is the name ANI [AlephNunYod], in the middle of the seventy-two names, meaning the thirty-seventh name. The Rosh [head, start] of all the branches of the tree is the name VAHU [VavHeyVav], the first of the seventy-two names. Also, all the branches and the Guf [body] and the root are in forty-eight words, in the first two thirds of the seventy-two words.

So it is written in the three upper worlds—which are HBD included in the first twenty-four words, Hesed and right line—as well as in the three bottom worlds, which are the HGT included in the second twenty-four words, Gevura and left line. This is so because the three lines—HGT—are included in one another and there are three in each. Then the right line is considered HBD, the left line is HGT, and the middle line is NHY. Hence, the first two thirds of the seventy-two words are in HBD HGT.

177) Opposite those HGT in the three lines of the name AB, it is written, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts.” Holy above, in HBD; holy in the middle, in HGT; and holy below, in NHY. Also, the first holy is Hesed, the second holy is Gevura, and the third holy is Tifferet, where HGT is HBD, HGT, NHY, and they are all engraved in AB.

178) When Israel camped by the sea they saw several multitudes, several soldiers, and several camps above and below, and they all gathered over Israel. In their plight, Israel began to pray.

179) At that time, Israel saw adversity on all sides. The sea with its mounting waves was before them, behind them were all the appointees, all the camps of Egypt, and above them were several slanderers. They began to cry out to the Creator.

180) Then it is written, “Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘Why are you crying out to Me?’” “To Me” is the quality of ZA, for everything depends on Atik. At that time, Atik appeared, and the desire was present in all the upper worlds and then the light of everything illuminated.

It is known that Egypt’s wisdom was from the left side, as in “The great monster that lies in the midst of its Niles.” This wisdom has its root in Bina de AA, which emerged outside of his Rosh [head]. For the crossing of Yam Suf [the Red Sea] and the drowning of the Egyptians, their high root in holiness, in AA, had to be cancelled first. This was not possible except by the great light of Atik, which is the root of everything.

For this reason, ZA said, “Why are you yelling at me? It all depends on Atik, whose great light can revoke the root of the Egyptians in Bina de AA like a candle is annulled before a torch.” Then the light of everything shines because the light of Atik is the light of everything, and all are annulled before His light. By that, the high root of the Egyptians was temporarily cancelled.

181) Then everything shone together because even though the light of Atik is covered Hassadim, it contains Hochma, as well, since the Hochma in AA is necessarily received from him. Hence, the Hassadim of Atik are more important than the Hochma de AA and are regarded as containing it, and that Hochma and Hassadim shine in him together. This is why the sea made the upper laws, to drown the Egyptians and to save Israel, since the upper and lower were given into his hands. This is the reason why it is written, “Sons, life, and nourishment are all as difficult before the Creator as the crossing of the Red Sea,” since the crossing of the Red Sea depends on Atik.

182) There is a doe [female deer] in the land and the Creator does a lot for her. When she cries out, the Creator hears her plight and accepts her voice. And when the world needs mercy for water, she makes a sound and the Creator hears her voice, and then the Creator has mercy over the world, as it is written, “As the deer craves for the water brooks.”

183) And when she needs to deliver, she is blocked from all sides. She places her head between her knees and cries out in a loud voice. Then the Creator has pity on her and sends her a serpent who bites her pudendum and opens her, tearing that place in her, and delivers her immediately. In this, do not ask or try the Creator.

184) “And the Lord saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead.” The Creator showed them the minister appointed over the Egyptians, which He took through the river of fire that was at the edge of the upper sea, Malchut. But is there death in angels? When He removed him from his reign, it is considered for him as death.

And Israel Saw the Great Hand

185) “And Israel saw the great hand which the Lord had done against the Egyptians.” Here with the great hand, the left hand was completed, meaning the Gevura and all its fingers, HGT NH. This is because it was included in the right, for everything is included in the right and depends on the right, as it is written, “Your right hand, O Lord, is majestic in power; Your right hand, O Lord, will shatter the enemy.” And even though this belongs to Gevura, because it depends on the right hand, it is still named after it.

186) We did not find anyone who strengthened his heart before the Creator as Pharaoh. Indeed, Sihon and Og strengthen their hearts, too, but they strengthened their hearts against Israel; they did not strengthen their hearts against the Creator, as Pharaoh strengthened his heart against Him, for he saw His might and did not retreat.

187) Pharaoh was wiser than all his sorcerers. He looked in all those crowns and in all this knowledge of the Sitra Achra. In their entire side, he did not see that Israel would have redemption, and it did not depend on one of their crowns. Moreover, all the upper forces of the Sitra Achra conspired against Israel so they could not be liberated from their hands. And Pharaoh did not think that there is another tie of faith that controls all the forces of the Sitra Achra. This is why he strengthened his heart.

188) Pharaoh strengthened his heart only against the name HaVaYaH. When Moses would say, “Thus says the Lord,” he would strengthen his heart, since in all his wisdom, he did not find that this name would control the land. This is why he said, “Who is the Lord that I should obey His voice?” Afterwards, when he considered repenting, he said, “The Lord is righteous.” Afterwards, he said, “I have sinned against the Lord.” This mouth, which said, “Who is the Lord?” said, “I have sinned against the Lord.”

189) “It is all one; therefore I say, ‘He destroys the innocent and the wicked.’” “It is all one,” as it is written, “My dove, My undefiled, she is one to her mother,” Malchut. By that, the Creator sentences His Dinim below and sentences His Dinim above in all.

190) When the Creator evokes His Dinim, He sentences His Dinim in Keter, which is Malchut. It is written, “He destroys the innocent and the wicked,” since the righteous are caught by the iniquities of the wicked, as it is written, “And [the Lord] said to the angel that destroyed the people” means take the majority of them. This is why Job said this, “He destroys the innocent and the wicked.” But Job did not explain that it concerns the righteous who are caught in the iniquities of the wicked.

“It is all one” is the assembly of Israel in the exile in Egypt, for whom the Creator killed in the Egyptians and took vengeances in them, as it is written, “He destroys the innocent and the wicked.” After all, there were innocent there, too, who did not enslave Israel, who were killed along with the wicked ones among them.

191) Job was afflicted only when Israel went out of Egypt. Job said, “Thus, all faces are equal, He destroys the innocent and the wicked.” Pharaoh attacked Israel and said, “Who is the Lord that I should obey His voice?” “But I did not attack them or did anything; He destroys the innocent and the wicked,” as it is written, “He who fears the word of the Lord among the servants of Pharaoh” is Job, for it was at the time of the exodus from Egypt.

192) These hail stones that were coming down on the Egyptians and were stalled by Moses later executed vengeance, in the days of Joshua. In the future, the remaining ones will come over Edom and her daughters, as it is written, “As in the days when you came out from the land of Egypt, I will show you wonders.”

193) “And Israel saw the great hand.” The beginning of this verse is not connected to its end, and its end is not connected to its beginning. In the beginning it says, “And Israel saw the great hand.” Afterwards, “And the people saw the Lord.” But is “And Israel saw” the reason for “And the people saw the Lord,” and that they did not see the Lord before that? That elderly man who went down to exile with his sons, suffered the exile on himself, and put his sons into exile, he really saw all those vengeances and all those mighty deeds that the Creator did in Egypt, as it is written, “And Israel saw,” meaning really Israel—Jacob.

194) The Creator raised that elderly man and told him, “Rise up and see your sons coming out from a strong nation; rise up and see the mighty deeds that I have done for your sons in Egypt.”

195) When Israel journeyed to go down to the exile in Egypt, great dread and fear came over him. The Creator said to Jacob, “Why are you afraid? Do not fear going down to Egypt.” The words, “Do not fear,” mean that he was afraid.

196) He told him, I fear that they will eliminate my sons. He told him, “I will go down with you into Egypt.” He told Him again, “I fear that I will not be awarded a burial among my fathers and will not see the redemption of my sons, and the mighty deeds that You will do for them.” He told him, “I will surely raise you. I will raise you to be buried in your fathers’ grave, and will raise you to see your sons’ redemption and the mighty deeds that I will do for them.”

197) On that day when Israel came out of Egypt, the Creator brought Jacob up and told him, “Rise and see the redemption of your sons, what powers and mighty deeds I have done for them.” Jacob was there and saw everything, as it is written, “And Israel saw the great hand.”

198) We learn from this that Jacob was present at the time of redemption, as it is written, “And brought you out in His presence, with His great power, out of Egypt.” “In His presence” is Jacob, since He brought all the patriarchs there. “Brought you out in His presence,” “In His presence” is Abraham, as it is written, “Then Abraham fell upon his face.”

199) Abraham said, “Shall a child be born unto him who is a hundred years old?” The Creator told him, “You will see what a multitude and how many camps will spring from you.” When Israel came out of Egypt, the Creator raised all those tribes and all those tens of thousands unto Abraham and he saw them, as it is written, “And brought you out in His presence.” All the patriarchs were present there, in all of that redemption, as it is written, “And brought you out in His presence.” What is “In His presence”? It is the patriarchs.

200) “And brought you out in His presence” is Jacob. “With His [great] power” is Isaac, and “great” is Abraham. Also, because of the patriarchs, there is always redemption for Israel, as it is written, “Then will I remember My covenant with Jacob, and also My covenant with Isaac, and also My covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.” The patriarchs are worthy of being remembered. But what is, “And I will remember the land”? It is to include David with them, meaning Malchut, the land, which is a Merkava [assembly] with the patriarchs, HGT, who always evoke redemption for Israel.

201) “And Israel saw the great hand which the Lord did in Egypt.” It is not considered a hand if it less than five fingers. “The great” means that it contains five fingers of the left hand, since GAR takes the right hand from the integration with the left line. Also, each of the fingers equals a great amount, and the Creator does with them miracles and mighty deeds. By that, all the degrees are uprooted from their cascading.

202) Of the first five fingers, which are the first five plagues, it is written, “And Pharaoh’s heart was hardened.” When these five fingers—of the left hand—were completed, Pharaoh had nothing in his possession that would harden his heart. Then it is written, “And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh.”

203) “And Israel saw the great hand … and they believed in the Lord.” But did they not believe in Creator thus far? After all, it is written, “And the people believed; and when they heard.” Moreover, they saw all the great deeds that the Creator did for them in Egypt. However, “And they believed” means that they believed in what he said, “And Moses said unto the people, ‘Do not fear! Stand by and see the salvation of the Lord.’”

204) It is written, “And Israel saw the Egyptians dead.” It is also written, “You will never see them again forever.” They saw them dead. It should have said, “You will never see them alive again forever.”

205) However, it is written, “From the world until the world,” meaning the world above and the world below. The world above is the beginning of the lighting up of the candles, the Bina, the root of all the Mochin. The world below is the end, the Malchut, which ends all the Sefirot, and it is included in all of them. The Gevurot awaken for the lower ones from this lower world.

206) In this world below, the Creator gives signs to Israel and miracles will happen to them. And when this world awakens to perform miracles, all the Egyptians sink in the sea through this world, and a miracle happens to Israel in this world. This is why it is written, “You will never see them again forever,” until that world awakens and they will be given into its Dinim. And since they were given to it to be sentenced, it is written, “And Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore,” as was written, “From the world until the world.” Precisely “Until the world,” until the world below awakens. Then it is written, “And they believed in the Lord and in His servant, Moses.”

Then Moses … Will Sing

207) Happy are Israel, for the Creator desires them more than all other nations. And for all the love that He loves them, He raised for them a prophet of truth, a loyal shepherd, and evoked upon him the spirit of holiness more than all the loyal prophets and took him verily out of His own share, from the tithing that Jacob gave of his sons to the Creator, which is the tribe of Levi. And since he was His Levite, the Creator took him and crowned him with several crowns, and anointed him with the holy anointing oil of above. Then He elicited the spirit of holiness from his sons unto the world and girded him with His holy sashes of the great faith, which is Bina.

208) When the time came for Moses the loyal prophet to come down to the world, the Creator took out a holy spirit from the quarry of the good sapphire stone, Malchut, which was concealed in 248 lights and illuminated him. He crowned him with 365 crowns and stood before him, and entrusted him with all that He had. And He gave him 173 keys and crowned him with five crowns, and each crown rises and shines in a thousand illuminating worlds and hidden candles in the treasures of the upper Holy King.

The Zohar explains the Mochin that Moses was rewarded with before he came down to the earth. It is known that the order of the Mochin is that in the beginning he receives VAK without Rosh, Hassadim without GAR. Afterwards, he receives GAR that is discerned as Neshama, then as Haya, and then as Yechida. It is also known that 248 is considered VAK and 365 is considered GAR.

This is why it was said, “The Creator took out a holy spirit from the quarry of the good sapphire stone, Malchut, which was concealed in 248 lights and illuminated him.” By that, Moses obtained Mochin de VAK. “He crowned him with 365 crowns and stood before him” is Mochin de GAR. “And He gave him 173 keys,” meaning the lights of the middle line, which are called “keys” because the right and left lines cannot shine before the middle line comes and opens them.

Then the middle line receives the full measure of lights whose emission it caused in the two upper lines. It receives a hundred lights from the right line, meaning all of its ten Sefirot, since they are light of Hassadim. From the left line, where there is light of Hochma, it receives only seventy crowns and not the GAR de Hochma; hence, it lacks thirty. However, it has integration with GAR, and they are considered as only three. This is the reason why they are 173 keys.

Afterwards he explains Mochin de Haya. It is written, “And crowned him with five crowns,” HGT NH, and each crown rises and shines in a thousand worlds, which are the Sefirot de AVI, where each Sefira is equal to one thousand. Subsequently, he explains Mochin de Yechida, as it is said, “And hidden candles in the treasures of the upper Holy King,” which are hidden and clothed in upper Aba, called “the upper Holy King,” meaning lights of AA, which are Yechida.

209) Then He took him through all the lights in the Garden of Eden and admitted him into His palace and took him through all of His armies and camps. Then everyone were shaken and started and said, “Move away from being near him, for the Creator has awakened a spirit to govern and vex the worlds.” A voice came out and said, “Who is it who has all these keys?” Another voice started and said, “Accept him among you; it is he who is destined to come down among people, and through it, the Torah, the more hidden of all that is hidden, is destined to be given into his hands and to rock the worlds above and below.” Then, everyone were exhilarated and journeyed after him. They started and said, “You have placed a human as our head; we went through fire and through water.”

210) Then the spirit of Moses rose and stood before the King. The open Mem [] rose up and crowned in her crowns, and He crowned the spirit with 325 crowns and deposited the keys in his hands. The Shin [], which implies the three patriarchs, crowned him in three holy crowns, and entrusted all the King’s keys in his hands, appointing him a trustee—to be the trusted one in the House. The Hey rose and was crowned in her crowns and received him from the King.

The upper throne is from Chazeh de ZA upwards, where HGT de ZA are the three legs of the throne, and the Malchut that is there is the fourth leg. The throne itself is Bina. In the three letters, Mem, Shin, Hey [which comprise the name Moshe (Moses)], Mem is the throne itself, Shin is the three legs of the throne, HGT, and Hey is the Malchut, the fourth leg. And Moses was a Merkava [chariot/assembly] for the middle line, ZA. Moses was rewarded with the Bina because he was a Merkava for the middle line, which decides between the right and the left of Bina

It was said that Moses’ spirit rose and stood before the King, for he was a Merkava for the King, ZA. And then the three letters Mem, Shin, Hey, imparted upon him: the open Mem rose and crowned in her crowns, the throne rose and crowned in her Mochin, which appeared and were disclosed through the middle line, which is “Three come out of one,” and crowned the spirit with 325 crowns, in one who is rewarded with three.

And the reason why he is called “325 crowns” is from the words, “And the king’s anger subsided.” This is so because before the middle line decided between the two lines of Bina, there was a dispute between the right and the left. By the decision of the 325, the dispute subsided. And since the 325 was the whole reason for the Mochin de ZA that receives from Bina, he calls them, “325 crowns.” “And I will entrust the keys in his hands,” since the lights of the middle line are called “keys.”

The Shin, which implies the three patriarchs, crowned him in three holy crowns, which are three lines, HGT de ZA above the Chazeh, called “the three legs of the throne.” He entrusted all the King’s keys in his hand, as all the Mochin de ZA in the middle line is called “keys.” He was appointed in trusteeship, to be the house trustee, meaning the general Nukva de ZA is called “house,” and since he received all the Mochin de ZA, he became a trustee, meaning bestowing upon the house, the Nukva. “The Hey rose” means that the Malchut rose above the Chazeh and crowned in her crowns, receiving three lines, HGT de ZA, and becoming a fourth leg to the throne and she received him from the King, meaning that she receives the soul of Moses from the King.

211) When Malchut received him, Moses’ spirit descended in the ships that sail in the great sea, Malchut. Malchut received him to raise him for the King, so he could clothe ZA by receiving the illumination of Hochma and Gadlut from her. Also, she gave him illumination of the left from there, from the great sea in her, weapons to strike Pharaoh and all of his land. On the Sabbath and beginnings of months, she raises him to the King, ZA, and then his name is called by these written letters, Mem, Shin, Hey.

212) At the time when he came out to descend to the land, to clothe in a body from the seed of Levi, 425 candles were established for the king, ZA, and 425 appointed engravings accompanied that spirit of Moses to his place. When he came out to the world, the Hey, Divinity, illuminated before him and the house was filled by her effulgence. At that time, the Creator called in regard to him, “Before I created you in the abdomen I knew you, and before you came out of the womb I consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

The name TavChafHey [425] comes out in a Zivug on a Masach that diminishes the upper Ruach, so it can materialize and clothe in a body in his mother’s womb. Then a measure of light that emerges in this Zivug is discerned in it, and this is the 425 candles that were erected for the king. And the forces of diminution that emerge from the Masach are called “425 engravings,” which were entrusted with bringing down the spirit to his mother’s womb, as it was said that they accompanied Moses’ spirit to his place. And after it is established in the seven months of conception, Divinity illuminated upon him. This is as it was said that when he came out to the world, the Hey, Divinity, illuminated before him and the house was filled with her effulgence.

213) At that time, the Creator killed Egypt’s appointed minister, and Moses and the sons of Israel saw it and sang, as it is written, “And Israel saw the Egyptians dead. Then Moses and the children of Israel will sing.”

214) All the praises by which they praised the Creator begin with “Then,” as it is written, “Then Solomon said,” “Then Joshua spoke,” “Then Israel will sing.” Why is this so?

215) All the miracles and great deeds that were done for Israel were when the holy Atik, meaning AA, illuminated in his crowns the illumination of GAR, which brings Bina and TM back to his Rosh. They are engraved and written in the Aleph [], where Yod of the Aleph [top division from the diagonal] is the right line, and the bottom line in the Aleph is the left line, and the line between them is the middle line, which decides. Pierces in the Aleph in the dark means that the middle line in Aleph pierces and diminishes the left line—which is darkness—into VAK de GAR, and then shines to every direction whether in Hochma or in Hassadim.

When the light of the Aleph connects and reaches the Zayin, which is “The sword for the Lord is filled with blood,” being Malchut when she leans to the left, then He performs miracles and great deeds because the Aleph has bonded with the Zayin, and this is the singing. The singing shines to all sides, both to Hochma and to Hassadim, and this is the meaning of “Then Moses … will sing.”

216) “Moses … will sing.” But it should have said, “Moses … sang.” However, this thing is for the future, when he completes that time and complements for the future, when Israel are destined to praise this song in the future. The first righteous are all destined to be revived in a body and to say this song, even though they departed in the upper degrees above and were connected in a knot of the bundle of life, as it is written, “Then Moses and the children of Israel will sing.”

217) “The Lord will set His hand again the second time to acquire the remnant of His people.” “To acquire” is as it is written, “The Lord acquired me at the beginning of His way.” “The remnant of His people” are the righteous among them, who are called “remnants,” as it is written, “But there remained two men in the camp.” They are called “remnant” because the world exists only on those who make remnants of themselves. This is why the righteous are called “remnants,” from the word “remains.”

218) Since they are tied in the bundle of life and delight in the upper pleasure, why should the Creator bring them down to earth? When all those spirits and souls that were in the highest degree were born and came out to the world, the Creator brought them down to earth below. It is all the more so now, since the Creator wishes to straighten what is crooked by showing them the signs and wonders that He will do for Israel. And although they are righteous, it is still written, “For there is not a righteous man upon earth who does good and sins not.” And should you say, “Why should those who died by the counsel of the serpent rise?” The answer is that they, too, will rise and be counselors to the Messiah King.

219) Moses is destined to sing in the future, as it is written, “As in the days when you came out from the land of Egypt, I will show him wonders.” Moses, who saw in the beginning, will see again. This is the meaning of “I will show him.” And then, “Then Moses and the children of Israel will sing this song to the Lord.”

220) This is the song of the queen, Malchut, to the Creator. Any man who says this song everyday, and intends in it, is rewarded with saying it in the future. This is so because there is the past world in it, there is the next world in it, there are ties of faith in it, and there are the days of the Messiah King in it. And all the other praises that the upper and lower say are dependent upon it.

221) “Singing” is in female form [in Hebrew], and “song” is in male form. But this is singing—the queen praising the king, ZA. And Moses said from below upwards, from Malchut to ZA. This is why “singing” is in female form. She sang to the Creator because the King was kind to her. All those oils and lights that were extended, the holy king extended for her. This is why the queen praised him.

222) If the singing of the queen is to the King, why does it say, “Moses and the children of Israel”? The queen is the one who must praise. However, happy are Moses and Israel, for they knew how to praise the King for the queen properly, since she inherited all her strength and might from the King.

223) It is written, “Arise, sing in the night, at the head of the watches.” “Arise, sing” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut. “In the night” means in exile. At night is when Malchut awakens and governs. “At the head” is Yesod, in which the queen is blessed. “The head of the watches” is the Rosh of Netzah and Hod, which is Yesod.

224) This is the Rosh of the Ketarim [plural of Keter] of the king and the Sium [conclusion, end]. With respect to the nine Sefirot of Ohr Yashar de ZA, he is the ending lower one. And with respect to the nine Sefirot of Ohr Hozer of ZA that shine from below upwards, Yesod is regarded as Keter de Ohr Hozer. And since it is the head of the Sefirot of Ohr Hozer, the text refers to it as the “head of the watches.” “The head of the watches” lacks Vav [in the word “watches” in Hebrew], which indicates Malchut. And this Yesod is her Rosh, as it is called, “the head of the bed.” And all is said in the holy, upper King, ZA, Yesod de ZA, as it is written, “This song unto the Lord,” to Yesod de ZA.

225) “This song unto the Lord” is the river, Bina, which comes forth from Eden, Hochma. It is Bina that came out of Rosh de AA, from whom all the oil and Gadlut, and all the Mochin in ZON and BYA emerge. This is evident from the text that follows, “I will sing unto the Lord,” who is the holy, upper King, ZA. This is why it is not written, “I will sing unto Him,” since the previous “Unto the Lord” in this singing for the Creator is Bina and not ZA.

226) “And said, saying ‘I will sing unto the Lord.” “Saying” is for many generations, so it will never be forgotten by them. This is so because anyone who has been rewarded with this singing in this world is rewarded with it in the next world and is rewarded with praising in it in the days of the Messiah King, in the joy of the assembly of Israel in the Creator. When it writes, “Saying,” it refers to that time in the holy land when Israel dwells in the land, meaning in exile, that is, upon Israel’s redemption, meaning “Saying,” in the next world.

227) “I will sing unto the Lord for He is highly exalted.” “I will sing” because they were praising the virtues of the queen. This is why it is written, “I will sing,” in singular form. “Unto the Lord” is the holy king, ZA. “For He is highly exalted” means He rose and crowned in His crowns to elicit blessings and power and might for ascension in everything. “For He is highly exalted,” high in this world and exalted in the next world. He is high at that time, exalted so as to later be crowned in His crowns in complete joy.

228) “The horse and its rider He has hurled into the sea.” The lower government is the horse, and the upper government, to which they cling, is its rider. Both were given into that great sea and the great government to avenge them. And the Creator does not execute judgment below before He does it in their government above, as it is written, “The Lord will punish the host of the high heaven on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.”

229) “Hurled into the sea.” That night, a strong Gevura awakened. It is written about it, “And the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong Eastern wind all through the night.” At that time the queen asked of the king that all those multitude Egyptians below and those ministers above be given into her hands. And they were all given to her, to avenge them, as it is written, “The horse and its rider He has hurled into the sea.” “Into the sea” indicates both in the sea above and in the sea below.

The Lord Is My Strength and Song

230) “You have formed me behind and before, and laid Your hand upon me.” People should be respectful of the Creator because when the Creator created the world, He looked at Adam, who was the ruler of everything and was similar to the upper and to the lower. He brought him down to the world in a precious image, and when the creatures saw him they gathered and bowed down before him. And fear and dread of him fell upon them, as it is written, “And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air.”

231) He admitted him into the garden He had planted so he would keep it, to be joy over joy for him, and to entertain himself in it. He made for him a canopy covered with precious gems, and the high angels delight before him. Then He commanded him about a certain tree, to avoid eating from it. But he did not keep his Master’s command.

232) I have found in the book of Enoch that after He elevated Enoch and showed him all the upper and lower treasures of the King, He showed him the tree of life and the tree upon which Adam was commanded. He showed him Adam’s place in the Garden of Eden. He saw that had Adam kept this commandment of the tree of knowledge, he could have lived forever and be forever there. But he did not keep his Master’s commandment and was sentenced and punished.

233) Adam was created in two faces. It is written, “And He took one of his ribs,” meaning that the Creator sawed him and they became two, from the east and from the west, Adam from the east and Eve from the west, as it is written, “You have formed me behind and before,” where behind is west and before is east.

234) The Creator established the female and increased her beauty over all, and brought her to Adam, as it is written, “And God fashioned the rib.” It is written, “And He took one of his ribs,” one as in “My dove, My undefiled is but one unto her mother,” who is Malchut. “Of his ribs” means of his side, as it is written, “And for the [second] side of the tabernacle,” since she was taken from the left side.

235) The Creator placed a high soul in Adam and incorporated in it the wisdom and understanding to know everything. He placed a soul in him from the place from which the rest of the souls come, from Bina, since the light of Bina is called “a soul.”

236) “Let the earth bring forth living creatures,” from the same place where the Temple is found. This is because the earth is Malchut and the place of the Temple is the Bina in her. “Living creatures” is the soul of Adam ha Rishon. The light of Nefesh is the light of Malchut, but it extends from the Bina in her. This is why he says that it extends from the place of the Temple, which is the Bina in her.

237) Adam knew the high wisdom more than the upper angels. He observed everything, and knew and recognized his Master more than all the people in the world. After he sinned, all the fountains of wisdom were hidden from him, as it is written, “And the Lord God sent him forth from the Garden of Eden, to till the ground.”

238) Adam ha Rishon emerged from a male and a female, ZON, as it is written, “And God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.’” Hence, Adam, too, was made male and female together, which were later separated from one another. But it is written, “To till the ground from which he was taken,” and not from the upper ZON. So it is indeed, he was taken from the ground, which is Nukva de ZA, and the Creator, ZA, partook with her. These are the male and female that we mentioned, and it is all one.

239) “The Lord is my strength and song,” meaning those who are included in one another and who never separate from each other, who are always in love, in one desire, which are AVI, called Koh [YodHey]. From there come the streams of the rivers and fountains to provide for all and to bless all, and the waters of these springs never run dry. This is why it is written, “And He will be my salvation,” for which the Holy King extends and bequeaths below, and the right awakens to perform miracles.

240) “This is my God, and I will praise Him.” This is Tzadik [righteous], Yesod, from whom blessings emerge in Zivug. “And I will praise Him” means in the same place where love is found, which is the Temple. Moses said, “My father’s God, and I will extol Him.” This is the left side, from which the Levites come. Since Moses said about this side, “And I will extol Him,” there is the perfection of everything in it, since “And I will extol Him” means that he includes it in the right side, which is the entire perfection.

241) “And He will be my salvation” is the Holy King, ZA, as it is written, “The Lord is my strength and song, and He will be my salvation.” The meaning of what he says is that HaVaYaH is “He will be my salvation,” which is the Holy King, called HaVaYaH, ZA.

242) “The Lord is my strength and song.” It is written, “A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born to adversity.” “A friend loves at all times” is the Creator, of whom it is written, “Do not forsake your friend and the friend of your father.”

243) “And a brother is born to adversity.” When your enemies trouble you, the Creator says, “For the sake of my brothers and my friends, I will say, ‘May peace be within you.’” Israel are called brothers and friends of the Creator. “Born” means that during the adversity, the one who will be as your brother will be born in the world, to save you from all those who trouble you.

244) “Is born” means that the holy King will awaken in this force, to avenge the nations on your behalf and to nurse you from mother Bina, in the left, as it is written, “The Lord is my strength and song, and He will be my salvation,” to evoke Gevurot against the idol worshipping nations.

245) Man should love the Creator because there is no other work before the Creator but love. Anyone who loves Him and works with love, the Creator calls him, “Lover.” Thus, what is the meaning of the verses, “Do not forsake your friend and the friend of your father,” and “Let your foot rarely be in your friend’s house”?

246) Indeed, “Do not forsake your friend and the friend of your father.” “Do not forsake” means serve Him and adhere to Him and do His commandments. This is written concerning offerings. But concerning sins and faults, it is said, “Let your foot rarely be in your friend’s house,” meaning leave out your inclination so it will not boil against you and will not govern you, and no foreign thought will rise. “Your friend’s house” is the holy soul, which your friend has instilled in you and placed within you.

247) Hence, serving the Creator is to love Him however He behaves with you, as it is written, “And you shall love the Lord your God.” “This is my God, and I will glorify Him.” All of Israel saw by the sea what Prophet Ezekiel did not see. Even fetuses in their mothers’ wombs saw and praised the Creator. They were all saying, “This is my God, and I will glorify Him, My father’s God, and I will extol Him.” “My father’s God,” as it is written, “The God of Abraham.”

248) Why does it say, “And I will extol Him”? After all, the God of Abraham, right line, is exalted; there is no need to extol Him. The God of Isaac, who is the left line, needs to be extolled, and not the right line. Even so, it needs to be extolled. It is all one thing. “And I will extol Him” on all sides, including those who know how to unite the great Holy Name, as well. It, too, needs to be extolled because this is the high work of the Creator.

249) “Your watchmen raise their voices, they sing joyfully together.” “Your watchmen,” are those who are longing for the time when the Creator will have mercy, to build His home. “Raise their voices,” meaning every person who weeps and raises his voice for the ruin of the House of the Creator is rewarded with them singing joyfully together, and rewarded with seeing it settled with joy.

250) “When the Lord returns Zion.” When Jerusalem below was ruined and the assembly of Israel, Malchut, was exiled, the holy King, ZA, rose up to Zion, Yesod de Malchut, and sighed opposite her, since the assembly of Israel has been exiled. And when the assembly of Israel returns to her place, the Holy King will return to Zion, to His place, to mate one in one. It is written, “When the Lord returns Zion,” and not “To Zion,” since “The Lord Zion” implies the Zivug of the Lord with Zion. And then Israel will say, “This is my God and I will glorify Him.” And it is written, “This is the Lord, for whom we waited; we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation,” the salvation of the Lord who returned to Zion.

The Lord Is a Man of War

251) We should regard the words of the Torah. We should regard everything because there is nothing in the Torah that is not implied in the high, holy Name, and there is nothing in the Torah that does not contain several secrets, reasons, roots, and branches.

252) Anyone who wages a war in the Torah is rewarded with much peace at the end of his words. All the wars in the world are strife and destruction, and all the wars of the Torah are peace and love, as it is written, “Therefore, it is written in the book of the Wars of the Lord, ‘Vahev in Suphah,’” meaning love in Sophah [at its end], that there is no love and peace but that.

253) “Therefore, it is written in the book of the wars of the Lord.” What is in the book? The Creator has a place, called “a book,” which is Malchut. All the powers and all the deeds that the Creator does depend upon and stem from there.

254) “Vahev in Suphah.” All the powers and all the mighty deeds that the Creator does depend on that book, on Malchut. The Creator fights His wars in one place at the end of the degrees, and it is called “Vahev” [and give], as it is written, “The leech has two daughters: Hav, Hav” [Hebrew: give, give]. The place of punishments is beneath Malchut, in Suphah [also means “end” in Hebrew], the end of the degrees. Malchut is called Yam Suf [Red Sea]—the Yam [sea] that is the Sof [end] of all the degrees.

255) “And the streams of Arnon.” And with the streams that were found and extended to the Malchut, which is “Vahev in Suphah,” from the high place called Arnon, which is the upper Zivug of love, which never parts, the Zivug of upper AVI. It is written, “And a river went out of Eden.” The river is Bina and Eden is Hochma, and they are called AVI. Arnon comprises the letters Ohr Nun, meaning the Ohr [light] of the Nun (fifty) gates of Bina. By that, its roots strike roots and the branches of Malchut grow to wage wars in every place, to perform powerful and mighty deeds, and to show the greatest and most precious government.

256) When Gevurot and wars of the Creator awaken, several litigants awaken to each side. Then spears, which are Dinim of the right side, and sharp swords, which are Dinim of the left side, evoke Gevurot. The sea rages, its waves rise and fall, and the ships that go and sail at sea depart to every side. The war is sharp with ballistae, and spear and sword carriers. And then it is written, “Your arrows are sharp,” and the Creator grows strong with His powers to evoke war. Woe unto those upon whom the Holy King evokes war. Then it is written, “The Lord is a man of war.”

257) “The Lord is a man of war.” From these letters emerge rows of warriors for those wicked, those enemies who sinned against the Creator. Then the meaning of the letters appears to those who possess the truth, and matters become lucid and clear.

258) “The Lord is a man of war, The Lord is His name.” “The Lord is a man of war” means HaVaYaH. “The Lord is His name” is Malchut. Everything depends on that book, which is Malchut, as it is written, “The heavens shall reveal his iniquity”—ZA is called “heaven”— “And the earth shall rise up against him”—Malchut is called “earth.”

Pharaoh’s Merkavot [chariots/structures] and His Army

259) When the Creator evokes war in the world, the upper and lower—the nations below and their ministers above—are uprooted from their places, as it is written, “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea.” In the future, the Creator will wage a great and powerful war against the people, to respect His name.

260) “The waters saw You, O God, the waters saw You and feared.” When Israel crossed the sea, the Creator said to the angel appointed over the sea, “Split your waters so that My sons will pass within you.” The angel replied, “Unloading the account is truth,” meaning forgiveness of sins is truth, since the Creator forgives and pardons iniquities. “But what is the difference between these and those? If you forgive Israel, forgive Egypt, too.”

261) The Creator told him about that condition, “When I created the world, I made the sea on condition that it would be torn for Israel.” What did the Creator do? He evoked His Gevura and the water folded, as it is written, “The waters saw You, O God, the waters saw You and feared.” The Creator told the minister of the sea, “Kill those multitudes, then throw them out.” Afterwards, the sea covered them, as it is written, “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea.”

262) The Creator made several Merkavot [chariots/structures] above, several multitudes, and several armies. And they are all tied to one another, so each lower one is a vehicle for the one above it, degrees upon degrees. And on the left side extend dominating Merkavot that are not holy. And all of them are particular degrees above.

263) The firstborn of Pharaoh is a degree that the Creator killed and broke off its strong chain. Under its rule are several Merkavot [chariots/assemblies] and several armies of strong men on the left. Some of them grip the high place of their government, some of them grip Malchut above, and some grip under the four animals.

264) And they are all given into the hands of the Din of Malchut, called “the great sea,” to break them from their degree. And when they broke from above, all those below broke and were lost in the sea below, as it is written, “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea.” Just, “sea,” indicates both the sea above, for their ministers, and the sea below, for the lower Egyptians.

265) “And His chosen officers drowned in the Red Sea.” And officers over all of it means all the degrees, being two and one above, one atop the other. They were made as it is above, and all were given into the hands of Malchut, to break their dominance, these and those, upper and lower.

266) All ten plagues with which the Creator inflicted Egypt were one hand, since the left hand was included in the right, and the ten fingers were included in each other, corresponding to the ten utterances by which the Creator is later named. And opposite all of them was the one of the sea—strong, great, and ruling—as it is written, “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea.” In the future, the Creator will kill all of Edom’s ministers and governors, as it is written, “Who is this who comes from Edom.”

267) “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army.” The Creator has made seven firmaments opposite HGT NHYM. In each firmament are fixed stars, degrees in the form of “back.” And stars that run through each and every firmament are degrees in the form of “forth.” And above them all are deserts, the GAR of the firmaments.

268) Each firmament has a span of two hundred years, and its top is five hundred years. Between each two firmaments are five hundred years, and this Aravot is fifteen hundred years in length, and fifteen hundred years in width. From his effulgence, all those firmaments illuminate.

The firmaments are the Guf [body], VAK, RuachNefesh. Aravot is Rosh de Guf, GAR. The movement in the firmament indicates the level of his degree, and his height points to his root. Hence, the height of all the firmaments is five hundred years, which indicates their extension from HGT NH de Bina, since Ima expands through Hod, and each Sefira in her is numbered in hundreds, hence they are five hundred years.

But in the movement of each firmament, which indicates the level of its degree, there are only two SefirotRuach, Nefesh—which are two hundred. But the upper firmament, Aravot, has GAR in it, which extend from Aba, and his Sefirot are thousands. Thus, his movement is three thousand years. This is why it was said, “And this Aravot is fifteen hundred years in length, and fifteen hundred years in width.”

Between each two firmaments are five hundred years. This is so because the firmament is essentially the new Sium [conclusion] of Tzimtzum Bet at the Sefira Yesod, and is the carrier of this Masach. And since each Sefira consists of seven Sefirot, there is a separate Yesod in each Sefira in the firmament. Hence, between each two firmaments are five Sefirot HGT NH, since after each firmament begins the Sefira of Hesed through Hod, and the other firmament stands at Yesod. And these five Sefirot are the five hundred years from the side of Bina.

269) Above Aravot is a firmament of four animals: lion, ox, eagle, and man. The Parsot [plural of Parsa] of the holy animals and their top is as all of those below them, since the upper one contains within it all the ones that are below it. Here he counts ten Behinot [discernments] opposite ten Sefirot, which are all as important as the one below them.

270) Each and every organ in the animals corresponds to seven abysses, the Masachim [plural of Masach] in the Malchuts. It also corresponds to the seven palaces, which are the seven Malchuts, and corresponds to “from earth to firmament,” which is Yesod. And it also corresponds to “from firmament to firmament,” which are HGT NH. The measure of all of them and their height is twenty-five thousand parts of the measure of the Creator.

All the Behinot in BYA are Behinot from Chazeh de ZA downwards. This is so because the Parsa that ends the Atzilut is the Malchut de ZA that stood at the point of this world during Tzimtzum Aleph, and rose to the place of half of Bina de ZA where it ended the Atzilut. And the bottom half of Bina and TM de ZA went outside of Parsa, and from them, all the Behinot in BYA are built until the end of correction, when they, too, return, join ZA, and are in Atzilut.

He says that each organ of the animals consists of seven Sefirot from the Chazeh upwards. However, as for the height of all of them compared to the Creator, who is ZA de Atzilut, there is nothing in them from the Chazeh and above, but only half of Tifferet and its NH from the Chazeh down, which are twenty-five. This is so because Sefirot de ZA are ten each. And since they are established in four animals, meaning that Hochma appears in them, they are considered thousands, since the Sefirot of Hochma are counted in thousands, and they are twenty-five thousand. This is why it was said that the measure and height of all of them is twenty-five thousand parts of the measure of the Creator, ZA de Atzilut, and there is nothing in them from the Chazeh of the Creator upwards.

271) There is yet another firmament above the horns of the animals. It is written, “And over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of a firmament.” And below that firmament are several Merkavot [chariots/assemblies] to the right and to the left.

272) Under the sea, which is Malchut, are all the fish of the sea, swimming and gathering in their four corners, HG TM, and descending in their degree, meaning shining from above downwards, and all the Merkavot are called by their names. All this is from the Chazeh upwards of the sea, where there are big animals. Below them, the small ones go degrees over degrees. They are from the Chazeh down of the sea, which are called “small animals,” as it is written, “There is the sea, great and broad, in which are swarms without number, animals both small and great.”

273) On the bottom left is the government of the other side, since “God has made one opposite the other.” Thus, all that there is in the holy BYA, is found correspondingly on the other side. They grip those above and suck from holiness, and now, at the tearing of the Red Sea, they came down to break because of the great force of holiness.

Your Right Hand, O Lord, Majestic in Power

274) “Your right hand, O Lord, majestic in power.” When the morning—light of Hassadim de ZA—shines, and the deer—Malchut—stands in its existence, her side, the left, is filled, clothes in Hassadim, and her illumination becomes full. She enters the two hundred palaces of the King, the right line, in whom there are only Keter and Hochma, each of which is one hundred, thus they are two hundred. And once Malchut has been completed and filled from the left line, she becomes completely mingled in the right, which is two hundred palaces.

A man who engaged in the Torah at midnight, when the northern wind awakens—meaning left—and this deer desires to awaken in the world, to bestow, he comes with her to stand before the King. And when the morning shines, a thread of Hesed [grace] is drawn over him.

275) He looks in the firmament, meaning receives from a firmament, Yesod de ZA, the light of Tevuna of the holy Daat is over him, and the man crowns in it, obtaining GAR. All fear him. Then this man is called “a son of the Creator,” “a son of the King’s palace,” Malchut, “a son to ZON.” He enters all the King’s gates and there is no one to protest against him.

276) When he calls unto the King’s palace, it is written about him, “The Lord is near to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth.” “In truth,” as it is written, “You will give truth to Jacob,” for he knows how to properly unite the holy Name in his prayer, and this is the work of the holy King.

277) One who knows how to properly unite the holy Name raises a single nation in the world, as it is written, “And who is like Your people Israel, one nation in the earth.” Hence, every priest who does not know how to properly unite the holy Name, his work is not work because everything depends on the priest—the upper work, uniting the Name—and the lower work, the offerings. He must aim his heart and desire so the upper and lower will be blessed.

278) It is written, “If you come to see My face.” Any person who seeks to unite the holy Name and did not intend for it in heart, in desire, and in fear, so that upper and lower will be blessed in him, his prayer is thrown outside, everyone declares him bad, and the Creator calls upon him, “If you come to see My face.”

279) “To see My face” means all those faces of the King, illumination of Hochma, as it is written, “A man’s wisdom illuminates his face,” hidden in the depth behind the dark, which are the Dinim in the left line. And all those who know how to properly unite the holy Name break all those walls of darkness and the King’s face is seen and shines for all. And when it is seen and shines, all are blessed, upper and lower. Then there are blessings in all the worlds, and then it is written, “To see My face.”

280) “Who asked this of you, to trample My courts?” Anyone who comes to unite the upper holy Name should unite from this side, the Malchut, as it is written, “With this shall Aaron enter the holy place,” so that Tzadik, which is Yesod, and Tzedek, which is Malchut, will mate in one Zivug so that all will be blessed through them. And those two are called “Your courts,” as it is written, “Happy is the man whom You choose, and bring near, that he may dwell in Your courts.”

281) And if he comes to unite the holy Name and does not aim with the heart’s desire, with fear and love, the Creator said, “Who asked this of you, to trample My courts?” “This,” indeed, for no blessing is found in Tzadik and in Tzedek, which are called “My courts.” And not only are no blessings found in them, but there is Din in them and everything is in Din.

282) Every light, every blessing, and every joy awakens from the Creator’s right, the Hesed. The left is included in it, as there are left and right in a person, and the left is included in the right while the right contains everything. When the right awakens, the left awakens with it because it is gripped to it and included in it.

283) When a person raises his hands in his prayer, aiming his fingers upward, as it is written, “And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed,” since everything depends on the right. And it is written, “And Aaron lifted up his hands.” It writes “hands” without the Vav [in Hebrew], implying only one hand—right. And then he intends to bless above.

284) But the Creator is not like that. When the Creator raises His right hand upward, woe unto the lower ones, for every help and every blessing has departed them, as it is written, “You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them.” Thus, by raising Your right hand, the earth immediately swallows them. And when the right is present, the left is with it, too. And if the right departs, the left appears, Dinim awaken in the world, and there is Din everywhere.

285) When Rabbi Shimon would get to this text he would cry, as it is written, “He has drawn back His right hand.” Because the left went down to the world first, the right remained behind.

286) It is written, “The righteous is lost.” It does not say, Ne’evad [is lost] but Avad [another way of saying “is lost”]. Of all those faces of the King, all that was lost was the righteous, Yesod. And he was lost on two sides: 1) there are no blessings in him as before; 2) his mate—the assembly of Israel, Malchut—has drifted from him.

It turns out that the righteous is more lost than everyone. But for the future, it is written, “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! … Behold, your king will come to you; He is just and endowed with salvation,” meaning that his mate has returned to him.

287) “Your right hand, O Lord, majestic in power.” When the left comes to mate with the right, it is written, “Majestic in power … will shatter the enemy.” And a Zivug is always in the right, since the left is in the right, included in it.

288) It turns out that man is split, he is only half a body, and his other half is the female, so he will accept his mate later and they will become one body. Thus, “Your right hand” is half a body so he will receive the left. This is why He strikes and heals with one hand, and why it is written, “Your right hand, O Lord … will shatter the enemy.”

The right extends from the point of Holam, when Malchut rose to Bina and KH remained in the degree and Bina and TM fell to the lower degree. KH that remained in the degree are the point of Holam, the right. Bina and TM that fell from the degree are the left, the point of Shuruk. Thus, the right is only half a body and the left is its other half. The whole issue of the Zivugim [plural of Zivug] of one in another is that first they were two halves of a body and then they mate.

289) “Your right hand, O Lord … will shatter the enemy” is written for the future, when the Messiah King awakens. It does not write, “Shattered,” but “Will shatter,” in future tense, for the future.

290) “And in the greatness of Your excellence, You overthrow those who rise against You; You send forth Your anger, it consumes them as straw.” It is all written for the future. “Your right hand, O Lord, majestic in power,” in this time, in this world. “Your right hand, O Lord … will shatter the enemy,” at the time of the Messiah King. “And in the greatness of Your excellence You overthrow those who rise against You” is for the coming of Gog and Magog. “You send forth Your anger, it consumes them as straw” is for the revival of the dead, as it is written, “And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake.”

291) At that time, happy are those who will stay in the world. None will remain in the world except those who were circumcised, who received the sign of the holy covenant and came in the holy covenant in the two parts—circumcision and exposing. And he keeps that covenant and does not let him into a place where he shouldn’t. Those are the ones who will remain and will be written for eternal life.

292) It is written, “And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remains in Jerusalem, shall be called ‘holy.’” In other words, “He that is left in Zion, and he that remains in Jerusalem” means that anyone who was circumcised enters these two degrees—Zion and Jerusalem. And if he keeps that covenant properly and is careful with it, it is written about him, “He that is left in Zion, and he that remains in Jerusalem.” Those will remain at that time, and with them the Creator will renew the world and rejoice in them. It is written about that time, “May the glory of the Lord be forever; let the Lord rejoice in His works!”

293) “In that day Israel will be the third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, whom the Lord of hosts has blessed, saying, ‘Blessed is Egypt My people, and Assyria the work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance.’” But are Assyria and Egypt near to the Creator?

294) It was said about the sons of the exile who would rise from Egypt and from Assyria. And it was said about Egypt and Assyria themselves, about the pious one among them, who repented and remained to serve Israel and the Messiah King, as it is written, “And all kings shall bow down before him,” and also, “And kings will be your guardians.”

295) It is written, “Her ways are ways of pleasantness.” How foolish are the people in the world for not knowing and not keeping the words of Torah, since the words of Torah are the way to be rewarded with the pleasantness of the Creator, as it is written, “Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.” Pleasantness is as it is written, “To behold the pleasantness of the Lord,” which is Bina. This is because the Torah and her ways come from that pleasantness and these ways spread in Him. For this reason, “Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.”

296) When the Creator gave the Torah to Israel, light came forth from that pleasantness, from Bina, and the Creator, ZA, was crowned in it, meaning received GAR from her, which are called “crown.” From that pleasantness glowed the effulgence of all the worlds, firmaments, and crowns. It is written about that time, “Go forth, O daughters of Zion, and see King Solomon with the crown with which his mother has crowned him.” King Solomon is ZA, his mother is Bina, and the crown is GAR.

297) When the Temple was built, the Creator was crowned in that crown and sat in His throne, Malchut, and was crowned in His crowns. And since that time when the Temple was ruined, the Creator has not been crowned in His crowns, and that pleasantness, the light of Bina, has been covered and hidden.

When Moses Entered the Cloud

298) When Moses entered the cloud, as it is written, “And Moses entered the midst of the cloud,” like a person who is walking in the place of Ruach, he encountered a big angel, whose name is Kemuel, appointed over twelve thousand appointed messengers. He wished to bond with Moses. Moses opened his mouth with twelve carved letters of the holy Name, which the Creator had taught him at the bush and drifted twelve thousand parsas [one parsa is roughly 2.4 miles] away from him. Thus, Moses was walking in the cloud with his eyes blazing like embers of fire.

There is NRNHY in each degree. When Moses arrived at the degree of reception of the Torah for Israel, he had to attain the NRNHY of that degree. Also, it is known that the role of angels is to help the souls attain what they should. These angels before us, too, came to help Moses attain these great NRNHY.

Moses attained the Nefesh Ruach through the cloud itself. “And Moses entered the midst of the cloud,” like a person who is walking in the place of Ruach. The cloud was to him the place of obtainment of the light of Ruach, which is VAK without GAR. To help him obtain the GAR, Angel Kemuel appeared before him, appointed over the twelve thousand appointed messengers, the light of GAR, which is received by three lines in the four faces HB TM, which are twelve. And since they extend Hochma, they are counted as thousands. And these twelve thousand are messengers appointed to help the soul obtain GAR.

He wanted to bond with Moses, and Moses immediately attained the GAR de Neshama, called Peh [mouth]. This is why it was said, “Moses opened his mouth ,” meaning he was rewarded with light of Neshama, called “opening of mouth.” “With twelve carved letters of the holy Name, which the Creator had taught him at the bush,” since those twelve carved letters that Moses received at the bush were also considered light of Neshama according to his degree at the time.

Also, it is known that the light of Neshama rejects Hochma and clings to Hassadim, as it is written, “Because He desires mercy [Hesed].” Hence, Moses rejected Angel Kemuel, who extends GAR in illumination of Hochma, and clung to the light of Hassadim. This is why it was said, “He moved twelve thousand parsas away from him.” This means that the twelve faces of the soul that are governed by the light of Hassadim repel the twelve faces that are governed by Hochma, which are called “thousands.”

“He moved twelve thousand parsas away from him” because of his desire for Hassadim. Also, he clung once more to that the light of Ruach in the cloud, “With his eyes blazing like embers of fire,” for the illumination of GAR was not recognized in his eyes because he clung to the level of Ruach, where there are Dinim de Masach de Behina Aleph, called “embers of fire.”

299) Then he met Angel Hadarniel, who was greater and more respected than the first. He was above all other angels by 601,000 parsas and his voice traversed 200,000 firmaments that revolve in white fire. When Moses saw him, he could not speak; he wished to drop himself from the cloud.

300) The Creator told him, “Moses, is it not you who conversed extensively with Me by the bush, who wished to know the meaning of the holy Name, and you were not afraid? And now you fear one of My servants?” When Moses heard the Creator’s voice he regained his strength. He opened his mouth in the seventy-two letters of the upper Name, and when Hadarniel heard the letters of the holy Name from Moses, he was startled. He approached him and said, “Happy are you, Moses, for what has been revealed to you has not been revealed to high angels.”

After he obtained Mochin de Neshama with the help of Kemuel, now he had to obtain Mochin de Haya. Angel Hadarniel, who is greater and more respected than the first, was sent to help him with the Mochin de Haya, which is more important. The Zohar explains the meaning of the Gadlut of Hadarniel’s three lines: It is known that Hochma is the number 1,000, and Hassadim is 10,000. He was superior to the rest of the angels, for his importance is 601,000 parsas—600,000 parsas on his right are Hassadim that extend from the bottom six Sefirot de Atik, whose number is 10,000. Thus, they are 600,000. And 1,000 is on his left. This is the Hochma, whose number is 1,000.

His voice—the middle line is called “voice”—traverses 200,000 firmaments of upper AVI: 1,000 firmaments for Aba and 1,000 firmaments for Ima. They “Revolve in white fire” because AVI are in pure air, where the Yod does not exit their Avir [air] and where the Man’ula [lock] is corrected, meaning Malchut of Midat ha Din [quality of judgment], called “fire.”

However, since upper AVI are always in a state of desiring Hesed, this fire does not blemish anything in them. This is why it is called “white fire,” for it is without any flaws. And the voice of Hadarniel, which is his middle line, extends this pure Avir of upper AVI.

“When Moses saw him, he could not speak,” for the fear of the white fire, in which he saw Malchut of Midat ha Din. Because of this fear, he could not use his GAR de Neshama, called “speech.” Moreover, he could not even use the level of Ruach that he had from the cloud because it was from Malchut that was mitigated in Bina.

“He wished to drop himself from the cloud,” since the Malchut of Midat ha Din that he saw blemished the degree of the cloud, which was from Malchut of Midat ha Rachamim [quality of mercy]. And then the voice of the Creator, who is ZA, appeared to him, and this voice mitigates all the Dinim [plural of Din].

“When Moses heard the Creator’s voice he regained his strength.” Then, with the help of Hadarniel, he extended the Mochin de Haya, and opened his mouth is the seventy-two letters of the holy Name, meaning he obtained the opening of the mouth, GAR from AB. And when Hadarniel heard that he had already drawn Mochin de AB, he bonded with him.

301) He was walking with him until he arrived at the fierce fire of Angel Sandalphon, who is higher than the rest of his peers by five hundred years. He stands behind his Master’s veil and ties crowns to Him from the pleas of Israel. When this crown reaches the head of the holy King, He accepts the prayers of Israel and all the armies and the multitudes startle and growl and say, “Blessed be the glory of the Lord from the place of His dwelling.”

302) Haderniel said to Moses, “I cannot go with you, for fear that Sandalphon’s fierce fire would burn me.” At that very moment, Moses was startled, until the Creator held unto Moses, sat him down before Him, and taught him Torah. He covered Moses with that light and with the effulgence of that pleasantness, and Moses’ face illuminated through all the firmaments. And all the armies of heaven were startled before him when he came down with the Torah.

Sandalphon stands at the top of the world of Beria, below the Masach of Malchut de Atzilut, as it was said, “And he stood behind his Master’s curtain, where he receives from the illumination of HGT NH de Bina. The Sefirot de Bina are numbered in hundreds, hence they are five hundred. It is written that he is superior to his peers by five hundred years, and he raises MAN for the Zivug of Malchut with ZA from the prayers of Israel. Also, he ties to Him crowns from pleas of Israel, and when this Keter reaches the head of the holy King, He accepts the prayers of Israel.

And since his standing under the Masach de Malchut is discerned as fierce fire in him, from the Dinim in Masach de Malchut, Haderniel said to Moses, “I cannot go with you, for fear that Sandalphon’s fierce fire would burn me. At that very moment, Moses was startled, until the Creator held unto Moses, sat him down before Him, and taught him Torah.”

There is a profound secret here because every time Moses was startled by Sandalphon’s fierce fire, the Creator held him and taught him Torah, until the Creator taught him the whole Torah and the Mitzva [commandment]. At the completion of their disclosure, Moses was rewarded with the light of Yechida.

303) Since Israel sinned below, the Creator took from Moses a thousand parts of that effulgence. When the Creator said to Moses, “Go, get down, for your people … have corrupted themselves,” the upper angels and all the multitudes wished to burn Moses. Moses was startled and could not speak until he invoked many prayers and litanies before the Creator.

304) The Creator said to him, “Moses, hold on to My throne.” Then the Creator reproached all those multitudes, all those armies, and then Moses took the two stone-tables and brought them down. It is written, “A wise man scales the city of the mighty and brings down the stronghold in which they trust.” And Moses’ face illuminated from that effulgence that remained in him. And as much as they could not look at his face from what remained in him, it was several times more impossible for them to look at what departed him.

305) “Your right hand, O Lord, majestic in power.” This is the Torah, which glorifies the right. Hence, “Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.” There is nothing in the world that breaks the force of idol worshipping nations as when Israel engage in Torah. As long as Israel engage in Torah, the right strengthens and the power and courage of the idol worshipping nations breaks. This is why the Torah is called “strength,” as it is written, “The Lord will give strength to His people.”

306) When Israel do not engage in Torah, the left intensifies and the power of the idol worshipping nations grows. They suckle from the left, rule over Israel, and inflict upon them laws that they cannot endure. Because of that, Israel were exiled and scattered among the nations.

307) Why was the land lost? The Creator said, “For abandoning My law.” As long as Israel engaged in Torah, the power and courage of all the idolaters was broken, as it is written, “Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.” As long as the voice of Israel was heard in synagogues and seminaries, as it is written, “The voice is the voice of Jacob.” And if not, “The hands are the hands of Esau.”

In Your Great Excellence, You Overthrow Those Who Rise Against You

308) “Why do You stand far off, O Lord?” When the iniquities in the world cause, the Creator climbs up and people shout and shed tears, and there is no one to look after them, since the Creator has departed up above and they are denied repentance. It is written of that time, “And in Your great excellence, You overthrow those who rise against You.”

309) When the Creator robes in pride over the nations that will gather against Him, as it is written, “And the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against His Messiah,” seventy commanders of armies will gather from every side with the armies of the whole world, to wage war against the holy city of Jerusalem and to grip unto the counsels of the Creator. And what do they say? “We will rise against the protector first, and then against His people and His palace.

310) Then the Creator will mock them, as it is written, “He who sits in the heavens laughs, the Lord scoffs at them.” At that time the Creator will robe in pride over them and will obliterate them from the world, as it is written, “And this shall be the plague.”

311) The Creator is destined to revive all those kings that have afflicted Israel and Jerusalem: Hadrian, Lupinus, Nebuchadnezzar, Sennacherib, and all the other kings in the world who have destroyed His house. He will give them dominion as in the beginning, and the rest of the nations will gather with them and they will wage war on Jerusalem. And the Creator will avenge them openly around Jerusalem, as it is written, “And this shall be the plague with which the Lord will strike all the peoples who have gone to war against Jerusalem.” It does not say, “Who will go,” but “Who have gone,” in past tense, since it concerns Nebuchadnezzar, etc., who have already gone.

Then, it is written, “And in Your great excellence, You overthrow those who rise against You.” And this is written for the time when the Messiah comes; this song is an eternal song.

312) “At the blast of Your nostrils the waters were piled up,” meaning at the same time. For that, there is this at that time, and at the time of the Messiah King, and at the time of Gog and Magog. “Stood up like a heap of liquids” is for the time of the next world, the joy of all the worlds.

The Enemy Said, “I Will Pursue”

313) “The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake.’” “The enemy said” is the great appointee over Egypt. When he was given dominion over Israel he contemplated obliterating them under his government. But the Creator remembered the greatest in the generation, the patriarchs, who were protecting them. And do not say that only he wished to obliterate them. Rather, all those ministers appointed over all the idol worshipping nations wish to obliterate Israel under them when they are given authority and governance over Israel.

314) Hence, all those peoples that are governed by those appointees inflict laws to destroy Israel, but the Creator remembers the greatest in the generation, the patriarchs, and protects them. When Moses saw that, he began to praise the Creator and said, “Who is like You among the gods, O Lord?”

Who Is Like You among the Gods

315) A big, high, and strong tree, ZA, in which upper and lower nourish, is limited by twelve boundaries of the diagonal—the four Sefirot HG TM with three lines in each. It is strengthened by the four directions of the world, which are HG TM that connect in their places. Seventy branches—which are seventy ministers are appointed over the seventy nations of the world—rise within it and are nurtured by it. From its main roots, they suckle from the surroundings, and they are branches that are in the tree.

316) When the time for each branch to govern comes, they all wish to completely annihilate the stem of the tree, which is the essence of all the branches, the one that governs Israel, and to which they grip. And when the reign of the stem of the tree comes to them, meaning the part of Israel, it wishes to keep them and to give peace in everyone. This is the reason for offering the seventy fruits of the festival, to give peace to the seventy branches in the tree, meaning the seventy ministers of the nations of the world.

317) It is said about that, “Who is like You among the gods, O Lord.” “Among the gods” is a tree, as it is written, “For they will be ashamed of the oaks that you have desired.” This is the tree, that they were serving a form that was engraved within it. “Who is like You,” meaning who will do as Your deeds and have mercy over all. “Who is like You” in the entire surroundings of the tree, that even though it governs, it keeps everything for all the others and does not wish to destroy them, as do they when they reign. “Who is like You, majestic in holiness,” majestic in the upper force, called “holiness.” Truly majestic in holiness, in Mochin de Bina. This is called “the force of the Creator,” “the pleasantness of the Creator.”

318) “Who is like You among the gods, O Lord.” “I have seen all the works … all is vanity and striving after wind.” How could King Solomon, whose wisdom surpassed that of all the people in the world, say that all the works are vanity and striving after wind? Is even the work of righteousness vanity and striving after wind? But it is written, “And the work of righteousness shall be peace.” However, it is written, “All the works which have been done under the sun.” This differs from a work of righteousness, which is above the sun.

319) And yet, What does “All is vanity and striving after wind” mean? “All is vanity” is as it is written, “Vanity of vanities, says Kohelet,” and these vanities are the existence of the upper world and the lower world.

320) When there are good deeds in the world and man engages in the work of the holy King, that thing that he does, a Hevel [vanity, as well as breath fume] is made of it above. And there is no Hevel without a sound, which rises and becomes an advocate before the Creator.

321) And all those deeds in which one engages that are not the work of the Creator become Hevel and walk and wander in the world. And when one’s soul departs, that Hevel rolls him in the world like a stone in a sling, as it is written, “But the souls of your enemies He will sling out as from the hollow of a sling.”

322) What does “He will sling out” mean? Hevel rolls it around in the world. Then all the things that are done and are not the work of the Creator are made into Hevel, which is the breaking of the wind that breaks the wind, which rises and falls and rolls in the world, as it is written, “Vanity and striving after wind.”

323) But the work of his Master rises above the sun and becomes actual holy Hevel, this is the seed that one sows in that world, and its name is righteousness, as it is written, “Sow for yourselves for righteousness.”

324) This leads a man when his soul departs him and elevates him to the place of honor above, and bundles him in the bundle of life, as it is written, “And thy righteousness shall go before you,” to guide you and to raise you to the place called “the glory of the Lord,” Malchut, as it is written, “The glory of the Lord will be behind you.”

325) He gathers all those souls that the holy Hevel—called “The glory of the Lord”—leads, and they are bundled in him. Then there is contentment. But the other Hevel, which is not the work of the Creator, is called “Striving after wind.”

Happy are the righteous who do all their deeds above the sun, the work of the Creator, and sow a seed of righteousness to reward them with the next world, as it is written, “But unto you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise.”

326) When the Temple was first built below, it was built with Din and anger. This is because it was in a place where Din was present. In the future, the Creator will build it and erect it in a different, high degree, called “righteousness,” which is the corrected Malchut, as it is written, “In righteousness shall you be established.” For this reason, it will persist and will not be ruined again, and its name shall truly be called Tzedek [justice], as it is written, “And this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord is our righteousness.”

You Stretched Out Your Right Hand, the Earth Swallowed Them

327) “You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them.” But is the work of the right not Hesed? It means You have raised Your hand, and the left remained by itself and inflicted Din. But the friends have commented on it that when the Creator brought out the Egyptians dead from under the water, He said to the earth, “Gather them within you.” And it did not wish to until the Creator stretched His right hand before it and adjured it. Then the earth swallowed them, as it is written, “The earth swallowed them.” “You stretched out Your right hand” means separating it from the left, and then Din is done with the left.

328) “In Your grace You have led the people whom You have redeemed, In Your strength You have guided them to Your holy habitation.” It is written, “But Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your presence, for You favored them.” “But Your right hand” is greatness, Hesed.” “In Your strength You have guided them” and “Your arm” are Gevura. “To Your holy habitation,” are “The light of Your presence, for You favored them” are righteous, Yesod. Also, all six Sefirot are in the text, since HG include Tifferet, and Yesod includes NH.

329) “Terror and dread will fall upon them.” Terror means the fear of Divinity, as in “The fear of God,” which is Divinity.

330) “You will bring them and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance.” “You will bring them” refers to the spirit of holiness speaking about the last generation that Joshua circumcised, and the revelation of the holy Reshimo of the name of the Creator appeared in them. And they cling to it, meaning that ZA and they are worthy of inheriting the land, as it is written, “And your people shall all be righteous; they shall inherit the land forever.” This is so because anyone who was circumcised and in whom this holy Reshimo appeared—and he keeps it—is called righteous. For this reason, “They shall inherit the land forever.”

331) Hence, “You will bring them” is with an extra Vav [in Hebrew], which means bring them to those who grip to the Vav, ZA, and to those last ones in the days of Joshua. And there is not a single word or a small letter in the Torah that does not have sublime secrets and holy flavors in it. Happy are those who know them.

Building a Temple Below

332) It is a Mitzva [commandment] to build the Temple below like the Temple above, as it is written, “The place that You have made for Your dwelling, O Lord.” This is so because the Temple must be built below, and to pray a prayer within it everyday, to serve the Creator, since prayer is called “Work” [service].

333) And that house of assembly should be built with great beauty and be corrected with all the corrections, since the house of assembly below corresponds to the house of assembly above.

334) The Temple below corresponds to the Temple above, standing opposite each other. And all the corrections, the works, the Kelim, and the servants on that Temple are as it is above. The tabernacle that Moses made in the desert was completely as it is above.

335) The Temple that King Solomon built is a house of rest. It is like the upper one in all the corrections in it, being a house of rest and inheritance in the highest correction. Similarly, the house of assembly should be with all the corrections of beauty as the upper one, to be a house of prayer, and to correct corrections in prayer.

336) That Temple must have windows, as it is written, “And open windows,” such as above. It is written about that, “He looks in through the windows, he peers through the lattice.” And should you say that one should pray even in the field, because there is wind there, it is not so, for we need a house, and there is none. There should be a house below like the house above, Malchut, to bring down the upper tenant, Divinity, into the lower tenant, people.

337) That prayer and that wind [also Ruach] must rise and come out of the strait directly against Jerusalem. It is written about that, “Out of my straits I called upon the Lord.” A narrow place is required, in a strait, and to send that wind within it so it does not drift to the right or to the left. And in the field, the voice cannot send it in this way. It is like the voice of a Shofar [ram’s horn]—pushed outside directly through a narrow place, goes and pierces firmaments, and rises up to evoke the wind above.

338) But it is written, “And Isaac went out to meditate in the field.” Thus, there is prayer in the field. But there was one thing in him that was not in the whole world: he was one of the patriarchs. Moreover, this verse does not come to permit praying in the field, since in another field he certainly would not have prayed.

339) Happy are those who are rewarded with citing poems in this world, and are rewarded with citing it in the next world. This poem is built in twenty-two engraved holy letters and in ten utterances, and all is written in the holy Name, and all is the wholeness of the holy Name.

340) When Israel stood by the sea citing poems, the Creator with all His Merkavot [assemblies/chariots] and His armies appeared to them, so they would know their King, who worked all those miracles and mighty deeds for them, so that each would know and observe what the rest of the prophets in the world did not know and observe.

341) If they did not know and did not attain higher wisdom than this citing, how did they all say the same words, not deviating from one another? Rather, what one said, the other said, too, and did not substitute one word for another, but all were said the same, and the spirit of holiness was in each and everyone’s mouth, and all the words were said as though they came out from the same mouth. Indeed, they were all looking in sublime wisdom and knew sublime things, and the spirit of holiness was in each and everyone’s mouth.

342) Even those in their mother’s abdomens were all citing as one, and they all saw what Prophet Ezekiel did not see. Moreover, they were all looking as if they saw eye to eye. And when the matter was over, they were all enjoying themselves and wished to look and to observe, and did not wish to leave there because of all the craving.

343) At that time, Moses said to the Creator, “For all their desires to look at You, Your sons have no wish to move from the sea.” What did the Creator do? He concealed His glory outside, in the desert, and there He appeared and disappeared. And Moses said to Israel, “Several times have I told you to leave there but you did not wish to, until I showed you the brilliance of the glory of the Creator in the desert,” and they promptly craved it.

344) Yet, they did not go until Moses held them and showed them the brightness of the glory of the Creator in the desert. Then, because of all the longing and the desire to observe, Moses drove them off, as it is written, “And Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea, and they went out into the desert of Shur.” It is a desert, for there they wished to observe the brightness of the glory of the holy King, and this is why it is called, “the desert of Shur,” which means looking there [Shuru means “look” in Hebrew].

And They Found No Water

345) “And they went three days in the desert and found no water.” There is no water but the Torah. And who gave them the Torah here, since thus far the Torah has not been given to them?

346) They went out to the desert to look, and the Creator took the effulgence of the glory from there. They went to observe it but did not find it. The Creator is called “Torah,” hence there is no water but the Torah, and there is no Torah but the Creator.

347) While they were walking in the desert, another authority appeared over them, that of the rest of the nations. This is the one who governs the desert, and he met them there. Israel saw that he was not the brightness of the glory of their King, as it is written, “When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter” [Mar means “bitter” in Hebrew], and their souls were not perfumed as in the beginning. Moreover, he came to slander them.

348) It is written, “And he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree.” But there is no tree but the Torah, as it is written, “She is a tree of life to them that have a hold of her.” Also, there is no Torah but the Creator. And there is no tree but the Creator, as it is written, “For man is the tree of the field.” The tree of the field is surely a field of trees of holy apples. This field is Malchut, the tree of the field is ZA, her husband, and when the brightness of the glory of the King appeared on them, then “He threw it into the waters, and the waters became sweet.” “The waters became sweet” means that the slandering became advocacy.

Since “The Lord,” the Creator “Showed him a tree,” and the brightness of His glory returned upon them, then why did He also throw it into the water? After all, water is the Creator, too. It was written that the accuser became an advocate, since the Sitra Achra that was in the water slandered them, and has now become an advocate.

349) In the beginning, when Israel came into the covenant of the Creator, they did not come in properly, since they circumcised but they did not expose. Thus, the holy impression was not revealed. When they arrived here at Marah, it is written, “There He made for them a statute and regulation, and there He tested them.” This means that there Israel came into both holy parts, Malchut and Yesod, that they were rewarded with them through circumcision and exposure. In disclosure, when their impression was revealed, they were called “Statute and regulation.” This statute is Malchut and indicates the circumcision. This law is Yesod, implying to the Mochin that appear through the exposure, which is called “statute.” Because it is a law, the test is pertinent, as it is written, “For it is a statute for Israel.”

And He Said, “If You Will Hear and Listen to the Voice of the Lord”

350) “And He said, ‘If you will hear and listen to the voice of the Lord your God.’” Who said, “If you will hear and listen”? The Creator did. It is written, “And to Moses He said, ‘Come up to the Lord,’” but there it means Malchut. If it were the Creator then it should have said, “Come up to Me.” Here, too, it means Malchut.

351) This means that when it writes before, “And he cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree,” it follows that the meaning of “And He said” is that the Creator said this word. But it is written, “To the voice of the Lord your God.” Should it not have said, “To My voice”? The answer is that it means to the voice in which they entered through the circumcision, the voice of Malchut. This is why it did not say, “To My voice.”

352) After the holy impression was revealed in Israel, they entered into the two holy parts, Yesod and Malchut. Through circumcision, they were rewarded with Malchut, and through exposure, with Yesod. And since they entered into those two, they entered NH, as well, since when they rise in NH they will bond in Yesod and Malchut, and will not prevent blessings, that Yesod will bestow upon Malchut. For this reason, they will arrive in those up to the holy King, ZA.

353) “And He said, ‘If you will hear and listen.’” “And He said” is the holy King. What did He say? “If you will hear and listen to the voice of the Lord your God.” This so because “The Lord your God” is consuming fire, the assembly of Israel, Malchut. “And do what is right in His eyes” is righteous, who is called “right.” “And you will heed His commandments” is Netzah, “And keep all His statutes” is Hod.

When they entered those Malchut, Yesod, and NH, they arrived at the holy King, Tifferet, whose place is after Netzah. This is why afterward, it is written, “I will not put all the diseases which I have put on the Egyptians on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” “For I, the Lord” is the holy King, Tifferet.

354) It sounds as though anyone who keeps this holy impression, the circumcision, rises from it to the holy, upper King. This means that NH, in which the seed for blessing gathers, and the oil for the holy anointing that is placed onto the meatus, Yesod, have bonded together. The upper King, Tifferet, is over them, and they are tied to Him. For this reason, anyone who enters Yesod and Malchut through circumcision and exposure, and keeps them, connects to NH and enters them, and then reaches the holy King, Tifferet.

355) Indeed, one who is rewarded with a righteous, Yesod, is rewarded with NH because Yesod contains NH within it. These are three with which the assembly of Israel, Malchut, was blessed. And one who is rewarded with them is rewarded with the holy King, Tifferet, and enters all four SefirotNetzah, Hod, Yesod, Malchut.

356) Opposite those four, there is keeping for the holy impression from four things: The assembly of Israel, Malchut, is keeping from menstruation. The keeping of the righteous, Yesod, is keeping from a maidservant. The keeping of Netzah is keeping from the daughter of an idol worshipper. And the keeping of Hod is keeping from a prostitute.

For this reason, “The voice of the Lord your God” is the assembly of Israel, Malchut, in which they entered through the circumcision.

357) By what are Israel rewarded with welcoming the face of Divinity? By keeping from menstruation. It is written about that, “And you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness during her menstrual impurity.” “To uncover her nakedness,” so he will not blemish the assembly of Israel.

358) “And do what is right in His eyes” is righteous, Yesod, as it is written, “The eyes of the Lord are toward the righteous,” to keep from a maidservant. And it is written, “A maidservant that is heir to her mistress,” meaning that it causes the righteous to cling to a maidservant.

“And you will heed His commandments” is Netzah, to keep from instilling that impression in a daughter of a strange god, and will not lie in him in Netzah, as it is written, “Also, the Eternal [Netzah] of Israel shall not lie.” One who keeps the holy covenant keeps His commandments, as it is written, “For you shall not bow unto another god.”

“And keep all His statutes” is Hod, to keep from a prostitute.

359) “Gird your sword on the thigh of the mighty one of Your splendor and Your majesty.” Anyone who rushes and places the fear of the strong toothed sword—Malchut—before him “On the thigh.” What is “On the thigh”? On that holy impression, to keep it, as it is written, “Please put your hand under my thigh.”

360) “Gird Your sword” means hurry and attack your evil inclination, since your sword is on the thigh, on that holy impression, to keep it. And if he keeps it then he is called “Mighty one” and the Creator clothes him in His garments. And who are the garments of the Creator? They are Hod and Netzah, as it is written, “You are clothed with splendor and majesty.” Here, too, it is “Your splendor and Your majesty.” Then, one properly adheres to the holy King.

361) “I will not put all the diseases which I have put on the Egyptians on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” This is the holy King. And this is why He warned them about that very thing that He had given and inscribed in them, which is the circumcision, and not more. It is true that thus far the Torah has not been given to them. But since it is written, “There He made for them a statute and regulation,” which are circumcision and exposure, promptly, “And He said, ‘If you will hear and listen,’” for it is about the four keepings of the holy covenant.

362) When the Creator wished to warn Israel regarding the Torah, He pulled with several things, with several pulls of love, like a person drawing his son to school. The Creator did not wish to give them the Torah until they drew closer to Him. And with what did they draw closer to Him, with a disclosure of the impression of the circumcision.

363) Israel did not draw near Mount Sinai until they entered the part of the righteous, the covenant, and were rewarded with it.

The Story of Haman

364) When a person lies on a sick-bed, he is caught by the King’s rulers—his head in a chain, his legs in cuffs, several soldiers keeping him from this side and from that side so he will not escape, his organs are all in a strait, fighting each other, and eating is removed from him.

365) At that time, he is visited by an advocate, to speak in his favor before the King, as it is written, “If there is an angel as an advocate for him, one out of a thousand.” At that time, happy is a man for he enters him and teaches him a way to save him from the Din [judgment], as it is written, “Happy is he who teaches the poor.”

366) And how can he save the sick? By teaching him the way of life, to repent before his Master. Then he becomes his advocate above, and he is saved. What is his reward? It is written, “The Lord will deliver him in a day of trouble.” Another meaning is as it is written, “Happy is he who teaches the poor” because the reward of one who helps the poor before the Creator is great indeed.

367) It is written, “For the Lord hears the poor.” Why does He hear the poor and not others? It is because they are closer to the King, as it is written, “A broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise,” and no heart in the world is broken as that of the poor. All the people in the world are seen before the Creator in body and in soul. But the poor appears before the Creator only in a soul, for his body is broken, and the Creator is nearer to the soul than to the body.

372) Each day, dew of holy Atik drips unto ZA, and the whole of the field of holy apples—meaning Malchut—is blessed, and that dew extends to those below. Holy angels feed on it, each according to what he eats, and it is written, “Man did eat the bread of the mighty,” meaning the dew is the bread of angels. And from that food, which is the manna, the children of Israel ate in the desert.

373) How many people feed on it at that time, and who are they? They are the friends who engage in Torah days and nights. And would you even consider that Israel ate of that very food in the desert? No, but it was like that very food, for it is worth twice as much as the manna that Israel ate in the desert.

374) When Israel came and clung to the holy King, for the disclosure of the holy impression, of the circumcision, they were rewarded with eating another bread, higher than what it was at first. In the beginning, when Israel came out of Egypt, they came with a bread called Matza, which is Malchut. And now they were rewarded and entered to eat another bread, higher, from a high place, as it is written, “Behold, I shower you with bread from the heaven,” which is ZA.

At that time, it will be found for Israel from that place. The friends that engage in Torah are nourished from another place, higher, as it is written, “Wisdom revives its owner,” which is a higher place than ZA.

375) Hence, why did the soul of those who engage in Torah weaken more than the rest of the people in the world? After all, the rest of the people seem to be stronger and more powerful than those who engage in Torah.

376) All the food of the people in the world comes from above. That food comes from the heaven, and the earth is the food of the rest of the world, and it is food for all. This is crude and thick food. And that food, which comes from a higher place, is finer food. It comes from a place where Din is present, from Malchut, and this is the food that Israel ate upon their departure from Egypt, the Matza. The food that Israel had at that time in the desert, from a high place, is called “heaven.” This is ZA, the finer food, which enters the soul more than any other food, and more separated from the body. And it is called “The bread of the mighty,” MAN [manna].

377) The highest food of all is the food of the friends who engage in Torah, who eat the food of the Ruach [spirit] and the Neshama [soul], and do not eat the food of the Guf [body] whatsoever, from the highest, most precious place, called Hochma [wisdom]. For this reason, the body of the friends is weaker than that of the rest of the people in the world, since they do not eat the food of the body whatsoever, but eat only nourishments of the spirit and the soul, from the highest, most remote place, which is Hochma, who is far, as it is written, “I said, ‘I will be wise,’ but it was far.” For this reason, that food is the finest of the finest, happy are they. It is written, “Wisdom revives its owner.” Happy is the part of a body that can nourish on the food of the soul.

378) But at that time, how are these foods present? The first food is the food of the whole world, that one which comes from heaven and earth. This is the food of the body.

379) A higher and finer food than that comes from the place where Din is present, which is called Tzedek [justice], meaning Malchut, the food of the poor, a Matza, which is called “bread of affliction.”

One who complements the poor, complements a single letter for Tzedek for him and becomes Tzedakah. This is rewarding his soul, a man of Hesed [grace]. Charity indicates that he is in Din and complements it with Hesed, and then he is Rachamim [mercy].

380) Higher food is higher and more precious food from heaven, ZA, the manna that Israel ate in the desert. It is finer than all, and it is the food of the sick because those sick are nourished only by that very food of the Creator, ZA.

381) Higher, holy and precious food is the food of spirits and souls, the food of the high and remote place, Bina that returned to being Hochma. It was said about her, “I said, ‘I will be wise,’ but it was far from me,” from that place that is called “the pleasantness of the Creator.”

382) The most precious of all is the food that the friends who engage in Torah eat, food that comes from high Hochma, actual Hochma. This is because the Torah comes out of the upper Hochma, and those who engage in the Torah enter the essence of the roots, hence their food comes from the high and holy place.

383) Happy are the righteous who engage in Torah day and night, for it cleanses them in this world and in the next, as it is written, “For it is your life and the length of your days.”

384) It is written, “You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing,” and it is written, “The eyes of all look to You.” All the people in the world look for and raise their eyes to the Creator. For this reason, each day, all those with faith must ask their food from the Creator and pray their payer over Him.

385) What is the reason? It is that anyone who prays his prayer for food to the Creator causes that each day, that tree in which there is the food for all, will be blessed by Him. And even if he has food, he must ask for it from the Creator and pray his prayer for food each day so that through him there will be blessings above, each and every day. This is the meaning of “Bless the Lord each and every day.”

386) For this reason, one need not cook one’s food from one day to another, so as not to delay from one day to another day, as it is written, “And the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day.” Every day is accurate, except from the eve of Sabbath to Sabbath. And then the Creator is full of blessings each day. Then it is written, “You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing.” What is “desire”? It is that desire that is found in holy Atik, which is Keter. A desire comes out of Him—that there will be food for all. And anyone who asks for food each day is called “a loyal son,” a son for whom there are blessings above.

387) “The Lord favors those who fear Him, those who await His grace [Hesed].” People should walk in the ways of the holy King and walk in the ways of Torah so there will be blessings for all—for the upper ones and for the lower ones.

388) It is written, “Israel, in whom I will be glorified,” since the Creator above is glorified because of Israel below, who raise MAN. What is His glory? That he puts on Tefillin. In other words, through the MAN that Israel raise, Mochin come out to ZA, who are called Tefillin, and the colors to be glorified connect to them. This is so because the four portions are three colors—white, red, and green—that connect to the three lines to illuminate in all the perfection.

389) “The Lord favors those who fear Him.” Should it not have written, “The Lord has favor for those who fear Him” [in Hebrew the two phrases differ, using “of” or “in”]? “The Lord favors those who fear Him” means that He took out that desire and in it, He desired those who fear Him. And who are those who fear, for whom He took out that desire? It is those “Who await His grace,” those who expect and wait each day to ask for their food from the Creator. This is the meaning of what is written, “Who await His grace.”

390) One should not set up one’s meal before one prays his prayer for food before the Creator. The meal is not set up until it is given from the King’s house. After he prays his prayer before the Creator, he should wait one hour and say, “It is now time for it to be given from the King’s house.” Henceforth, he will set up the meal. This is the way of those who fear the Creator, who fear sin.

391) It is written about those wicked ones who walk in the ways of Torah in twisted roads, “Woe to those who rise early in the morning to pursue strong drink.” It is written about that, “The Lord favors those who fear Him, those who await His grace.” This is what distinguishes those with faith each day, as it is written, “And the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day.” It writes, “Every day,” and not “Every day for another day.”

392) Why is this so? “That I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My law.” Those with faith are recognized by eating. Each day, they walk in the Torah in a straight path. Thus, a righteous eats to satiate his soul. Once he has satiated his soul in prayer and in reading the Torah, he eats.

393) As long as the Creator did not give the Torah to Israel, He distinguished between those with faith and the wicked ones, who did not have faith and had no wish for the Torah. And how did He distinguish them? With MAN, as it is written, “That I may test them.” The Creator inscribed all those who were present, who had faith, in the impression of the Sefira Hesed, as it is written, “Those who await His grace [Hesed].” Hence, “That I may test them.” Also, He removed this high Sefira from all those without faith, and Hamman declared and said, “But the stomach of the wicked shall go wanting.” And yet, “He did not favor the one who did much or deny those who did little.”

394) At that time, Israel below were complemented as above, as it is written, “And they came to Elim where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date palms.” Meaning, the holy tree, ZA, grew stronger in twelve boundaries on the two sides of the world, HG TM, in three lines on each of the four sides of the world, HG TM. These are the twelve boundaries, which are twelve springs of water. And he grew stronger in seventy branches, which are seventy ministers, seventy date palms, and all is as it is above.

395) At that time, the holy dew drips—meaning abundance, which is called “dew” —from the concealed Atik, which is Keter, and fills the Rosh of ZA, the place called “heaven.” Of that dew, of the holy, upper light, the manna would be drawn out and come down. When it came down, it scattered like crusts over crusts and congealed below, as it is written, “As thin as frost on the earth.”

396) All those with faith would go outside and gather and bless the holy Name for it. And that manna would emit the fragrances of all the perfumes in the Garden of Eden, since it was anointed with it and came down. When one placed it before him, he would taste it as any flavor that he wished to taste, and he would bless the high, holy King.

397) Then the manna would be blessed in his intestines and he would look and know above, and would observe with the upper Hochma [wisdom]. For this reason, they are called “the generation of knowledge.” Those were the ones with faith, and they were given the Torah, to observe it and to know its ways.

398) And those who were not with faith, it is written about them, “The people became foolish and gathered.” What is “Became foolish”? They would take foolishness for themselves because they did not have faith. It is written about them, “And grinded it between two millstones or beat it in the mortar.” Who made them trouble themselves so hard? It is because they did not have faith.

399) Similarly, those who do not believe in the Creator, do not wish to look in His ways. They wish to trouble themselves after food each day, day and night, fearing that perhaps they will have no bread. Who caused them that? It is because they have no faith.

400) Here, too, “The people became foolish and gathered” means that they were made foolish by their own folly, and wished to trouble themselves for it, as it is written, “And grinded it between two millstones.” And after all this trouble, they did not succeed. Rather, it is written, “Its taste was as the taste of kneading with oil,” and nothing more. Who caused them that? It is because they had no faith.

401) What is “Kneading with oil”? Some say that it was kneaded in oil, and some say that as the breast [Shad (breast) is part of the word Loshad (kneading)] changes in several ways, the manna changes into several flavors. They tasted each flavor that they wished to taste in it. The “Kneading with oil” means suckling of oil.

402) “Every man gathered as much as he should eat.” Did one who eats little gather little and those that more gathered more? It is written, “He did not favor the one who did much or deny those who did little.” Indeed, they gathered according to what they ate. This is the meaning of the words “should eat,” meaning those who eat it. This is why it did not say, “Each according to his eating.”

403) Did each one take according to those who ate? If he had a slave or a maidservant and said that they were his, and his friend came and said, “He is mine,” they approached Moses to sentence. He told them, “How many people are in your house?” and “How many people are in this one’s house?” He said this and that. Then Moses told them, “Gather tomorrow and let each one come to me. The next day, they went out, gathered, and came to Moses. They placed the vessel before him and he measured it. If that slave belonged to one, the gathering for the slave was in that vessel, for one would collect for each person in his home. He measured for the other one and the food for the slave was missing in the other one’s vessel, and he would collect one for each person in his home. Than he said, “This slave belongs to this one,” as it is written, “Every man gathered as much as he should eat,” and it is written, “gathering according to the number of persons.”

404) It is written, “In the evening, you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt, and in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord.” “In the evening, you will know.” How did they know? Each day, the conducts of the Creator would come out. In the morning, the Hesed awakened in the world. And at that time, which is called “evening,” Din hangs in the world. So we asserted it: Isaac established the noon-prayer, and Isaac is Gevura. Hence, “In the evening, you will know.” When Din awakens in the world, you will know that with this Din, the Lord brought you out of Egypt. “And in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord,” since at that time the Hesed awakened in the world and will give you food.

405) On the contrary, it is written, “Would it be that we had died by the Lord’s hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat … for you have brought us out into this desert to kill this whole assembly with hunger.” At that time, the evening awakened, the Din. And at the time when the Din awakened, Hesed awakened in the world, as well, as it is written, “You will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt.” Know this grace that He had done with you at the time of judgment, and brought you out of the land of Egypt. “And in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord,” which is the Malchut. Why is it so? “When the Lord hears your complaints.”

406) The Creator did not change His ways, making Hesed illuminate in the evening. Rather, those wicked in the world change it, reversing mercy into judgment.

407) From that manna, the righteous are destined to eat in the next world. But is it in the way that Israel ate in the desert? No, but more than them, for it was never in that perfection. What is “that”? It is as it is written, “To behold the pleasantness of the Lord and to visit in His palace.” And it is written, “Neither has the eye seen a God besides You.”

408) “A song of ascents. Out of the depths I have called You, O Lord.” Why does it say, “A song of ascents,” without saying who said it? A song of ascents means that all the people of the world are destined to say it because this song is destined to be said for all eternity.

409) “Out of the depths I have called You.” Anyone who prays his prayer before the holy King must ask his pleas and pray from the bottom of the heart so that his heart will be wholly with the Creator, and he will aim his heart and will, as it is written, “Out of the depths I have called You.” But it is written, “With all my heart I have sought You.” This verse is sufficient, to pray with all of one’s heart, so why the need for “From the bottom”?

410) Every person who asks his request of the King must aim his mind and will to the Root of Roots, to extend blessings from the depth of the pit, so that blessings will pour from the fountain of all. The place from which that river comes out is the concealed Hochma, as it is written, “And a river comes out of Eden. “Eden” is Hochma; “river” is Bina that went out of Rosh AA, which is the concealed Hochma. It is written, “There is a river whose streams make the city of God glad.” This is called “Out of the depths,” the depth of everything, the depth of the pit from which streams come out and extend from it to bless all. This is the beginning, to extend blessings from above downwards.

411) When Atik, who is more concealed than all that are concealed, wished to summon blessings for the world, He instilled everything and included everything in that high depth, which is the concealed Hochma de AA in relation to Bina coming out of it. From here, a river, which is Bina, draws and continues. Rivers and streams, which are the Mochin, come out of it and water everything from it, meaning that all the Mochin of ZON and BYA extend from there. And one who prays his prayer should aim one’s heart and will to extend blessings from the depth of this everything, so his prayer will be accepted and his wish will be done.

412) Each day, the world is blessed from that upper day, since every six days are blessed by the seventh day, and each day gives of those blessings which he received on that day of his.

413) This is why Moses said, “Let no man leave any of it until morning,” since he does not give and does not lend this day to another, but each and everyone rules that day of his by himself, for a day does not rule over another day.

414) For this reason, all those five days govern their days and what is present in them is what they received, and the sixth day is more present in it. The sixth day is with a Hey, which is not written in the rest of the days. It indicates that the queen, who is called Hey, has bonded with it. And she is called Malchut [kingship], to set up a table for the King. This is why there are two parts in it: from itself and from the correction of the King’s joy with the queen.

415) On that night is the joy of the queen with the queen and their Zivug, and all six days of each by himself are blessed. For this reason, one must set up one’s table on the eve of the Sabbath, since there are blessings on it from above, and there is no blessing over an empty table. For this reason, the Zivug of wise disciples who know that secret is from the eve of the Sabbath to the eve of the Sabbath.

416) “See, the Lord has given you the Sabbath.” Sabbath is a day on which the rest of the days rest, and it is the inclusion of all those six other days, and they are blessed by it. Also, the assembly of Israel is called “Sabbath,” and she is the mate of the Sabbath. This is a bride, as it is written, “Therefore keep the Sabbath, for it is holy to you.” “To you,” and not to the rest of the peoples,” as it is written, “Between Me and between the children of Israel.” This is the everlasting inheritance for Israel, and this is why it is written, “If you turn your foot from the Sabbath.”

417) “Let no man move out from his place,” a place that is worthy of going to, outside the whole of the city. It is written, “Blessed is the glory of the Lord from His place,” which is the Malchut. This is a place, as it is written, “For the place in which you stand is holy ground.” This is a known place, called “a place,” for it is known in the upper glory, Malchut.

418) For this reason, it is a warning to a man who is crowned with the holy crown above on the Sabbath, to not let any every-day words out of his mouth, since if he lets an every-day word out of his mouth, he is desecrating the Sabbath. The desecration of the Sabbath in his hands is in the doing of labor. In his legs is in walking beyond the two thousand Ammas [cubits].

419) “Let no man move out from his place” is the honorable place of holiness. This is so because outside of it are other gods. “Blessed is the glory of the Lord” is the glory above, Malchut from the Chazeh and above. “From His place” is the glory below, Malchut from the Chazeh and below, the crown of the Sabbath, which is called “a place.” “Let no man move out from his place,” since outside of it, it is other gods. Happy is one who was rewarded with honoring the Sabbath in this world and in the next.

The Creator Demands the Glory of the Righteous

420) Happy are the righteous, whose honor the Creator desires more than His own. How many are the people in the world who revile and curse above. Sennacherib reviled and cursed and said, “Who among all the gods of the lands,” and the Creator forgave and did not pursue him. When he stretched his hand out on Hezekiah, it is written, “The angel of the Lord went out and struck … the camp of the Assyrians.”

421) Jeroboam son of Nabat was an idol worshipper, burned incense for it, sacrificed for it, and the Creator did not pursue him. When Ido the prophet came and prophesied on him, and Jeroboam stretched out his hand against him, it is written, “But his hand … dried up, so that he could not draw it back to himself.”

422) Pharaoh reviled and cursed and said, “Who is the Lord that I should obey His voice?” But the Creator did not collect from him until he refused to send Israel out, as it is written, “Still you exalt yourself against My people, not sending them off.” It is also written, “Behold the hand of the Lord is upon your livestock.” Similarly, in every place, the Creator pursues for offending the honor of the righteous more than for His own.

423) Here Moses said, “A little more and they will stone me.” The Creator told him, “Moses, this is not the time to pursue the offence of your honor. Rather, pass before the people and we will see who stretches out his hand against you. After all, are you in their authority or in Mine?”

424) “Take your staff in your hand … and go,” because it was engraved in miracles and the upper holy Name was inscribed on it. First, the staff turned into a serpent, Yesod de ZA de Katnut. It is written, “The way of a serpent on a rock.” It is known that a serpent evokes the rock, which is Malchut. In which place did the Creator appear? He appeared here, as it is written, “I stand before you on the rock.” Who is a rock? It is written, “The Rock! His work is perfect,” and he is Malchut, and there Moses knew how the serpent stands on the rock.

Tzur and Sela [both words mean “rock”]

425) It is written, “And you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it.” Is this customary with the holy Name? So it is, since there is not a name among the holy names of the Creator that does not perform miracles and great deeds, and elicits everything that the world needs, especially here, eliciting water.

426) It is written, “He struck the rock and the waters poured out.” Who strikes for His name? A pointed hammer is apparent by its strikes, meaning a sharp man knows how to ask. However, in all the places, Tzur [rock] is Gevura, meaning Malchut when she is discerned as Gevura. When the Creator, ZA, wishes to strike or to punish, this Gevura awakens, and that Gevura strikes and punishes, as it is written, “He struck the rock.” If the rock did not awaken and struck in the places where it was needed, water would not pour out.

427) However, it is written, “You have forgotten the Rock who begot you.” “Forgotten” means you have weakened it. But this cannot be there. Yet, of course this is so, for if the wicked knew that the rock was destined to awaken against them and to punish them, they would avoid sinning before it. However, it was a weakness in their eyes because they did not consider it and it did not consider their ways, to punish them promptly. It is said about that, “You have forgotten the Rock who begot you.”

428) There is a rock and there is a rock. From the upper rock comes forth another rock. The upper rock is the rock of all rocks, the one who begot Israel, ZA, as it is written, “You have forgotten the Rock who begot you,” meaning Bina, who begot Israel. This is so because from the upper rock, above, another rock comes out, and from the side of ImaBinaGevura comes out, Malchut.

429) It is written, “Who can speak of the mighty deeds of the Lord?” What are the “Mighty deeds of the Lord”? It is including the upper Ima of everything, Bina, where even though she is not Din in and of herself, Din is present from her side, because Gevura is present from her side, Malchut that is mitigated in Bina. This is why she is called “the upper rock.” And it is written, “And forgot the God who gave you birth” is the light of Aba, upper Hesed.

430) Wherever it writes “water,” it indicates light of Hesed. The Creator awakened in this rock, which is Din, to impart water, Hesed, for it is proper to come out only from Hesed. This is the sign and the miracle of the Creator, that a rock, Din, imparted Hassadim. This is what David praised and said, “Who turned the rock into a pool of water.” The meaning of “Who turned” is that He turned it from Din to Hesed, for it is not the conduct of a rock to impart Hesed.

431) For this reason He poured out water in the upper rock, Bina, from the place below, from Malchut. And what is the name of that one below? It is “a rock,” as it is written, “You shall thus bring forth water for them out of the rock.” With what did this rock bring forth water? With the power of the upper rock, Bina.

432) “The Rock! His work is perfect,” meaning that rock has turned into doing the work of a perfect one. And who is he? Abraham, Hesed, of whom it is written, “Walk before Me and be you whole.” This is, “Who turned the rock into a pool of water,” turning the act of Din into an act of Hesed. Thus, it means that his work is perfect, meaning Hesed, and this is Abraham, who is Hesed.

433) At that time the rock became perfect once more. At another time, a second one, when Moses wished to bring water out of this rock, he did not return to being perfect because of the iniquities of Israel. Then Moses was angry and said, “You have forgotten the Rock who begot you,” meaning you have weakened it from what it was in the beginning. Because of you, it is not perfect now, and it became Din, which was not so in your childhood days, when you were a youth.

Is the Lord among Us

434) “Is the Lord among us or none?” Were Israel fools, not knowing this thing? But they saw Divinity before them and the clouds of glory on them that surrounded them, and they said, “Is the Lord among us or none?” People who saw the bright luster of their King by the sea—as the maidservant that saw by the sea what Ezekiel did not see—were fools and said, “Is the Lord among us or none?”

435) However, they wished to tell between Atik, the most hidden of all that are hidden, who is Keter, called “none,” and ZA, who is called HaVaYaH [HaVaYaH also means “being” in Hebrew]. This is why it is not written, “Is the Lord among us or not,” as it is written, “If he will walk in My law or not,” but “Is the Lord among us or none.”

436) Thus, why were they punished? It was for separating between Atik and ZA. They did in a test, as it is written, “And because they tested the Lord,” Israel said, “If it is among us, we will ask in one way, and if the other, we will ask differently.” This is why it immediately writes, “Then Amalek came.”

Then Amalek Came

437) “Happy are you who sow beside all waters, who let out freely the ox and the donkey.” How many waters are there? Meaning, there are several kinds of lights: the sweet water [fresh water is called “sweet water” in Hebrew] of Kedusha [holiness], and there is the bitter water, and the malicious water. Happy are Israel for they have a seed only by the water, to subdue all kinds of water of the Sitra Achra, as it is written, “And they camped there by the water,” by these waters that were under the branches of the tree of the Creator, which are malicious water.

438) The Creator, meaning Bina, has a tree, and it is a big and strong tree, ZA, and in it there is nourishment for all. It is limited by twelve boundaries, three lines for each of the HG TM, which are twelve. Also, it is strengthened by the four directions of the world, which are HG TM, and seventy branches are gripped to it, which are the seventy ministers of the seventy nations. And Israel are in the trunk of this tree, and the seventy branches surround them, around Israel, which are gripped to the trunk of the tree.

439) It is written, “And they came to Elim where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date palms.” What is “And they camped there by the water”? At that time, Israel were governing these waters that are under the branches of the tree, which are called “malicious water.” It is written about that, “Happy are you who sow beside all waters,” surrendering all the kinds of waters of the Sitra Achra.

440) “Who let out freely the ox and the donkey” are two Ketarim [plural of Keter] of the left, to which the idol worshipping nations—called “ox” and “donkey”—grip. It is written, “I have dwelled with Laban … I had an ox and a donkey,” since Laban was wise in witchcraft and in those lower Ketarim, and he wished to destroy Jacob with those ox and donkey, as it is written, “An Aramean who destroyed my father.” When Israel are rewarded, they are sent away and they cannot govern them, as it is written, “Who let out freely the ox and the donkey,” meaning they do not govern them.

441) When they mate together, the people of the world cannot stand up to them. It is written about that, “You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together,” meaning one should not give room to the evil kinds because man’s actions awaken what need not be so. When they mate together, it is impossible to stand up to them. A Klipa called “dog” comes out of their side, and this is the fiercest of all, as it is written, “Against any of the sons of Israel a dog will not even bark.” The Creator said, “You said, ‘Is the Lord among us or none?’ Behold, I am giving you over to a dog. Promptly, then came Amalek and fought against Israel.”

442) It is written, “Amalek was the first of the nations, and his end shall be destruction.” But is Amalek the beginning of the nations? After all, there were several tongues, peoples, and nations in the world prior to the arrival of Amalek?

443) However, when Israel went out of Egypt, fear and dread of Israel fell upon all the nations in the world, as it is written, “The peoples have heard, they tremble.” There was not a nation that did not fear the high Gevurot [might] of the Creator. But Amalek was not afraid, as it is written, “And he did not fear God.” He did not fear approaching you, hence he is the beginning of the nations.

444) The first to come and wage war against Israel was Amalek. For this reason, “His end shall be destruction,” as it is written, “I will surely blot out the memory of Amalek.” And it is written, “Blot out the memory of Amalek.” Why is it written, “His end shall be destruction”? Should it not have said, “To his destruction”? However, the Creator will come and destroy him, as it is written, “For I will surely blot out.” Even though “The Rock! His work is perfect,” and He was graceful with them, bringing forth water for them, He did not leave what is His, for it is written, “Then Amalek came.”

445) It is written, “There is an ill evil which I have seen under the sun.” How hard-hearted are people because they do not engage in Torah. “There is an ill evil.” But is there an evil that is ill and an evil that is not ill? Certainly, there is an ill evil, when several litigants come out from the left side and fissure the air.

446) When they wish to come out and go, and are swallowed in the crevice of the great deep. Afterwards, they come out and unite together and fissure the airs, roaming the world and approaching people. Each is called “an evil,” as it is written, “No evil will come to you,” since they come with libel over people.

There is a small deep that clings to Malchut de Midat ha Din [of the quality of judgment], and there is the great deep, which clings to Malchut de Midat ha Din that is mitigated in Bina. The litigants extend from Malchut de Midat ha Din whose origin is the small deep. However, they wish to cling to the souls that come from Malchut that is mitigated in Bina, hence they are swallowed first, sucked into the great deep.

When they wish to come out and harm, they are swallowed in the crevice of the great deep so they can harm the souls that come from the mitigated Malchut. They fissure the airs and roam the world, instilling the Yod in the Ohr [light] of the souls, turning the Ohr into Avir [air], and the degree of the soul is fissured, meaning that her Bina and TM fall off him.

Each is called “evil,” as it is written, “No evil shall come to you,” since they come over people with libel. This is so because by the strict judgment, they can do harm only to souls that extend from Malchut of Midat ha Din. However, because they were sucked into the crevice of the great deep, they harm the souls of the mitigated Malchut, as well, which is unfounded libel.

447) “Ill evil,” why is it ill? When it is over people, it makes them mean about their money. When collectors of charity come to them, she protests and tells him, “Do not take out anything of your own.” If poor come, she protests. If he comes to eat with his own money, she protests, to keep the money for later. And because she is over the person, she is ill, as though he is lying down because of his illness and neither eats nor drinks. Hence, she is an ill evil.

448) King Solomon shouted wisely and said, “A man to whom God has given riches and wealth and honor so that his soul lacks nothing of all that he desires; yet God has not empowered him to eat from them, for a foreigner enjoys them.” This verse, its beginning is not its end, and its end is not its beginning. It is written, “A man to whom God has given riches.” Thus, what is “Yet God has not empowered him to eat from them”? It follows that it is not in the hands of man, and God has given him nothing.

449) It does not say, “And God has not let him eat from them,” meaning that He has given him nothing. Rather, it is written, “Has not empowered him,” since he believed that evil and clung to it. Thus, he himself caused him that. The Creator did not empower it—that man would be created under its governance. Rather, he himself wished for it and clung to it.

450) All his ways are when he lies because of his illness: he neither eats nor drinks, nor approaches his money or spends any of it, but keeps it until he passes away from the world, and another, who is its owner, comes and takes it.

451) And King Solomon shouted and said, “Wealth is kept for its owner, to harm him. Who is its owner? It is the other one, who inherited it. And why was the other one rewarded with being the owner of that wealth? It is because he believed that evil, wanted it, and clung to it. For this reason, the other one, who did not cling to this evil, was rewarded with being the owner of that evil, as it is written, “To harm him,” meaning that because of the evil to which he clung, another one earned it.

452) One who sits in a good part in his father’s house and goes against his father with libel clings to this ill evil as a man who lies down due to his illness, whose every way is in libel, saying “I want this and I do not want that.” And because of this wealth, the man clung to an ill evil and was punished in this world and in the next world. This is the wealth that is kept for its own, to harm him.

453) So are Israel. The Creator took them on wings of eagles and surrounded them with clouds of glory. Divinity journeyed before them, He brought down the manna for them to eat, brought them sweet water, and they treated Him with libel. Promptly, “Then came Amalek.”

454) Here is the meaning of the wisdom. This war comes out of the sentence of the harsh Din [judgment], and this war is present above and below. There is not a thing in the Torah that does not contain high secrets of the wisdom, connecting to the holy Name. Ostensibly, what did the Creator say? “When Israel are righteous below, My power prevails over everything. And when they are not righteous, it is as though they exhaust the power above and the power of the harsh Din prevails.”

455) When Israel sinned below, it is written, “Then came Amalek and fought against Israel in Rephidim.” Din came to slander Rachamim. This is its war above because everything exists above and below. “In Rephidim” means in Riphion Yadaim [loose hands], that their hands became loose on the Creator’s law. In both times, Amalek waged war on Israel.

456) The war against Amalek was above and below. Above, it was the slander against the Creator, and below it was also against the Creator, since they would take people and cut their foreskin of the holy impression. They took them and tossed them up and said, “Take that which You want.” But still, the whole war was against the Creator.

457) “And Moses said to Joshua, ‘Choose men for us and go out, fight against Amalek.’” Did Moses see that he removed himself from this first war of the Creator? Indeed, happy is Moses, who looked and knew the root of the matter. He said, “I will summon myself to this war above, and you, Joshua, summon yourself to the war below.”

458) It is written, “And it came to pass that when Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed,” meaning the Israel above, ZA. For this reason, Moses removed himself from the war below, to hurry in the war above, so that it would be won by him.

459) But do you slight this war against Amalek? Since the day the world has been created and up to that time, and since that time until the Messiah King arrives, and even in the days of Gog and Magog, there was none like it, and not because there were many and mighty soldiers, but because on all sides, it was the Creator’s.

460) “And Moses said to Joshua.” Why to Joshua and not to another? After all, at that time he was a youth, as it is written, “Joshua, the son of Nun, a youth,” and several in Israel were stronger than him. However, Moses looked with wisdom and knew; he saw SAM coming down on the side above to help Amalek below. Moses, said, “We will see a fierce war indeed here.”

461) At that time Joshua was at a very high degree. However, he was not in Divinity at that time, since in Moses was she taken and united. It follows that Joshua was united below Divinity, in a place called “Youth,” who is Matat.

462) It is written, “Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an undisturbed habitation, a tent which will not be folded.” Jerusalem means the Jerusalem above, which is called “A tent which will not be folded,” meaning it will never be found to walk in the exile. Indeed, “Joshua son of Nun, a youth,” since he clung to the upper youth, Matat. “Will not depart from the tent,” from the one called “A tent which will not be folded,” which is Divinity. Each and every day, he suckles from Divinity, just as that upper youth will not move out of the tent and always suckles from her, that youth below, who is Joshua, will not move out of the tent and always suckles from it.

463) For this reason, when Moses saw SAM coming down to help Amalek, Moses said, “This youth will certainly rise up against him, will govern him and defeat him. Promptly, “And Moses said to Joshua, ‘Choose men for us and go out, fight against Amalek.’” Yours is this war below, and I will hurry for the war above. “Choose men for us, righteous sons of righteous, who will be worthy of going with you.”

464) When the youth Joshua came out, the upper youth, Matat, awakened and was established in several corrections, several arms that his mother, Divinity, has set up for him for this war, to avenge the vengeance of the covenant, as it is written, “A sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant.” It is also written, “And Joshua weakened Amalek and his people by the sword.” By the sword indeed, and not by lances or arms, but it is certainly by the sword, the one that is called “A sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant.”

465) Moses was establishing himself for the war above, as it is written, “And Moses’ hands were heavy,” truly heavy. Holy and honorable were never defiled. Honorable ones are those who are worthy of making with them a war above. “And they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it,” since Israel were in grief and he was with them in their grief.

466) “And Aaron and Hur supported his hands.” Moses did everything with wisdom. Aaron on the right, and Hur on the left, were holding his hands from here and from there so that help from above would be found, and Moses’ hands were in the middle, in the middle line. This is why it is written, “Thus his hands were faith,” loyal.

467) “And it came to pass that when Moses raised.” When he raised means that he raised the right over the left. By that, it meant that when he spread his hands, Israel prevailed, Israel above, ZA. “And when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.” When Israel below abate in their prayer, Moses’ hands could not rise and be upright, and Amalek prevailed. Thus, even though the priest spreads his hands in an offering to correct himself in everything, Israel must be with him in his prayer.

468) In this war of Amalek, there were upper ones and lower ones. This is why it is written, “Thus, his hands were faith,” with faith as it should be. It is written, “Thus, his hands were faith,” but should it not have said, “Thus, his hands were” [in Hebrew, “were” is written differently here]? However, because everything depends on the right hand, it is written, “were” [as written originally], to show that the right is the most important, as it is written, “Your right hand, O Lord, is majestic in power; Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.”

469) “And Joshua weakened Amalek and his people by the sword.” It writes, “Weakened.” Should it not have written, “Killed”? However “Weakened” is like “You who have weakened the nations.” Joshua weakened them and that sword that executes the vengeance of the covenant killed them, as it is written, “By the sword.”

470) “And the Lord said unto Moses, ‘Write this in a book as a memory and place it in the ears of Joshua. “This” is Malchut. “Place it in the ears of Joshua,” for he is destined to kill other kings, thirty-one kings, as it is written, “For I will surely blot out the memory of Amalek. “Blot out is above,” “I will blot out,” below. “Memory” means the memory above and below.

471) It is written, “For I will surely blot out,” which means that the Creator will blot out. It is also written, “Blot out the memory of Amalek,” meaning that we should blot it out? However, the Creator said, “You will blot out the memory of Amalek below, and I will blot out the memory of Amalek above.”

472) Other nations came with Amalek, and they all feared battling Israel, except him. This is why Joshua weakened them. “And Joshua weakened” means he broke their power from above.

473) “And Moses built an altar and named it The Lord Is My Banner.” “And Moses built an altar” corresponds to the upper altar. “And named it,” meaning the name of the upper altar, “The Lord Is My Banner.” This is so because he avenged the vengeance of that holy impression of Israel. And at that time, it was called “A sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant,” and Moses called it “The Lord Is My Banner.”

474) “And Moses built an altar” to atone for Israel. “And named it” means the altar,” “The Lord Is My Banner,” as it is written, “And there He tested them,” which means ascension, that they ascended for having ascended for Israel having been exposed and that sign of the covenant—the holy impression—appeared in them. Thus, when the son of a man is circumcised and the sign of the covenant of the holy impression appears in him, that son is called “an altar on which to atone,” and his name is “The Lord Is My Banner.”

475) Similarly, Jacob built an altar, as it is written, “And he erected an altar there and called it, ‘God, the God of Israel.’” To whom did he call? To that place called “an altar,” Malchut. And what is His name? “God, the God of Israel.”

And They Saw the God of Israel

476) “And they saw the God of Israel.” Who could have seen the Creator? But it is written, “For man shall not see Me and live.” But here it says, “And they saw.” However, the rainbow of bright colors appeared to them, meaning Divinity, who receives from three colors, white, red, and green. Anyone who looks at a rainbow, it is as though he is looking at Divinity, and it is forbidden to look at Divinity.

477) This is why it is forbidden for one to look at the fingers of the priests as they stretch their palms. It is forbidden to look at the rainbow, both the rainbow above and the rainbow below.

478) It is forbidden to look at the rainbow above, at its colors—white, red, and green—which are three lines that shine in Divinity. Anyone who looks at its colors, it is as though he looks at a high place, and it is forbidden to look at, so he will not be disrespectful toward Divinity. The rainbow below is the sign of the covenant that is imprinted in man, and anyone who looks at it is being disrespectful toward above.

479) It is written, “Please put your hand under my thigh.” Did he not swear him by that sign? Let the fathers of the world be, for they are not as the rest of the people. Moreover, it is written, “Please put your hand under my thigh,” and it is not written, “Look under my thigh.” For this reason, it is forbidden to look at the rainbow without cause.

480) “And they saw the God of Israel” means that the rainbow appeared to them in beautiful and bright colors, blazing to every direction. This is Divinity. It means that it is written, “The God of Israel,” and it is not written, “And the God of Israel saw.” Divinity is called “the,” meaning the light of the light of Divinity, the one who is called “youth,” Matat, who serves Divinity in the Temple. This is why it is written, “the,” since it is the name of Divinity, who includes Matat from her servant.

481) “And under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire,” since a brick was inscribed in him under his place, from among those bricks that they would build in Egypt. A woman gave birth in Egypt and Pharaoh’s ministers would come to throw him in the river. She put him in the place of one of the bricks in the building, and a piece of hand came and gripped him, and he was inscribed under the feet of Divinity. She stood before him until the Temple below was burned, as it is written, “And has not remembered His footstool,” which is the pavement of sapphire.

482) The pavement of sapphire is the light of sapphire, the keys of the perfumed wine, meaning the Masach that is mitigated in Bina, Miftacha, which opens the Mochin called “the perfumed wine.” High engravings above that blaze in seventy-two directions, since the name AB [Gematria 72] appears from the Masach de Miftacha. “As the very sky” is ZA, engraved in seventy-two branches blooming to all sides. The name AB shines in both Hochma and Hassadim. Here, too, the vision of that very sky is as the vision of the sky itself, which is ZA. All is inscribed in the light of the vision that is carved from the side of Divinity.

483) There are sixty that surround Divinity, as it is written, “Sixty mighty men around her.” However, those sixty illuminated from the twelve boundaries in ZA and never moved from around Divinity. The twelve engraved upper boundaries amount to the weight of the great and strong tree, the three lines that illuminate in the four directions, HG TM, which are twelve, and they all shine in the queen, Divinity, when she bonds with the King, ZA. “As the very sky” means that she receives all that there is in the sky, ZA, and all those lights and paths illuminate in him in the light of Divinity.

484) The light of sixty mighty men around Divinity are inscribed in him, in the youth—Matat. Their names are “sixty strikes of fire that blaze in Din,” which clothed in them from the side of Divinity, as it is written, “Sixty mighty men around her.”

And Moses Built an Altar

485) “And Moses built an alter and named it ‘The Lord Is My Banner.’” This means that the banner was the Lord’s. Because Amalek took all those who were circumcised and did not expose, and cut them and tossed them upward saying, “Take that which You want,” at that time it is written, “The Lord has sworn; the Lord will have war against Amalek from generation to generation.” It writes “From generation to generation” without the Vav [in Hebrew], indicating that these generations that have war against Amalek lack the tenants above. That is, the name is incomplete and the throne is incomplete, and the tenants below are lacking, meaning the lower ones have no wholeness.

486) Each generation, in all the generations that come to the world, there is not a generation in which there is none of that evil seed of Amalek, and the Creator makes war against them. It is written about that, “Let sinners perish from the earth.” “From the earth,” in this world and in the next world. At the same time, it is written, “Bless the Lord, my soul, Hallelujah.”