Shmini – On the Eighth Day
Man Was Created in the Torah
1) “When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy.” Happy are Israel for the Creator gave them the holy Torah, which is the joy of everything, the joy of the Creator and the place where He roams, as it is written, “and I was daily all delight,” and the whole Torah is one holy name of the Creator. And the world was created in the Torah, as it is written, “Then I was beside Him as trusted [Amun].” Dot not read it as Amun, but as Uman [a master craftsman], as she was His tool for creating the world.
2) Man was created in the Torah, as it is written, “And God said: ‘Let us make man…” It is written, “Let us,” in plural tense. The Creator said to the Torah, “I wish to create man.” She said before him, “This man will sin and vex you. If You are not patient with him, how will he persist?” He told her, “You and Me will establish him in the world, for it is with good reason that I am called, ‘slow to anger.’”
3) The written Torah, ZA, and the oral Torah, Malchut established man in the world, as it is written, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.” It is written in plural tense. This is the image and the likeness, both of which made man. Tzelem [Image] is ZA, and Demut [likeness] is Malchut, from the word, Demama [stillness/silence], who has nothing of her own, except what she receives from ZA. Also, man’s soul is born from the Zivug of ZA and Malchut, which is why it is written, “in our image, after our likeness.” Hence, the beginning of the Torah is in the letter, Bet [numerical value, 2], implying ZA and Malchut.
4) Why is the letter Bet  open on one side and closed on the other side? When a person comes to join with the Torah, it is open to receive him and partake with him. And when a person shuts his eyes to her and goes by another way, she is blocked from the other side, like the Bet, as it is written, “If you forsake me for one day, I will forsake you for two days,” and he will not find the opening until he reconnects with the Torah face-to-face and will not depart it. Hence, the Torah opens, calling upon people and declaring and summoning them, “To you, O men, I call.”
5) Bet has a shape of two roofs and one line that connects them. One roof points up, toward the heaven, and this is ZA, and one roof points down toward the earth, and this is Malchut. And the Creator, Yesod, grips them and receives them.
6) The three upper lights, three lines, which are clung together are the whole of the Torah, and they open doors to all. They open doors and impart upon faith, meaning Malchut, and they are home to all. This is why they are called, “house,” since they are the three lines in the Bet, implying the three lines of ZA, which are a house. And this is why the Torah begins with Bet, since she is the Torah, and the cure for the world.
7) Hence, for one who engages in the Torah, it is as though he engages in the holy name. And the whole Torah is one sublime, holy name. And because it is a holy name, it begins with Bet, the entirety of the holy name, the three lines in “journeyed,” “came,” and “pitched,” which are the three lines of ZA, which are three ties that affect the faith, Malchut.
8) All those who engage in Torah cling to the Creator and are crowned in the decorations of Torah. They are loved above and below, and the Creator offers them His right hand, mercy. It is even more so with those who engage in Torah at night, as well, for they have established that they partake in Divinity and join together. And when the morning comes, the Creator decorates them with a single string of grace, so they will be among the higher and among the lower.
9) And all these morning stars sing together when the assembly of Israel, Malchut and all who engage in Torah, come to be seen before the king, as it is written, “When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy.” What is, “shouted for joy”? It is written, “The earth is broken, broken down,” meaning shattered. This is so because these judgments, called “God’s children,” are broken. They all break before the morning, when the morning rises in the world, which is the illumination of Hesed de ZA, as it is written, “Now Abraham arose early in the morning.” Abraham is Hesed; hence, “and all the sons of God shouted for joy.”
Zion and Jerusalem
11) “The Lord bless you out of Zion; and see the good of Jerusalem.” From Zion, which is the Yesod [also foundation] of Malchut, blessings emit to all, as it is written, “For there the Lord commanded the blessing—life forever.” Since Zion, the Yesod of Malchut, was filled with blessings, Jerusalem, Malchut, is blessed and there are Rachamim [mercies] in her. And when Jerusalem is blessed, the whole nation is blessed.
12) “…all the days of your life,” so a bow will not appear in your days, as it did with your father, for a bow indicates judgments. It is said about that, “…and see the good of Jerusalem all the days of your life,” that in all your days you will see the good of Malchut and there will be no judgments in her. “And see your children’s children,” that they will fear sin, and be pious and holy. Then, “Peace be upon Israel,” upon the Rosh [head] of ZA, called “Israel,” as long as it has GAR, Rosh, so it will not lack anything. This is because the letters in “Israel” are the letters of Li Rosh [I have a head], and peace be on the Rosh of ZA as long as there are righteous in the world.
13) “Children’s children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers.” The children are HGT de ZA; the children’s children are NHY, as it is written, “All your sons will be taught of the Lord,” concerning NHY. And it is written, “The precious sons of Zion,” which are NHY de ZA that connect with Zion, Yesod of Malchut, as it is written, “and the glory of children are their fathers.” The sons are HGT, which crown in the patriarchs, Hochma and Bina. The sons, HGT, are not crowned and are not watered by the river, Bina, except when the fathers, HB, are crowned and blessed by Keter, as it is written, “and the glory of children are their fathers.”
Several Messengers Does the Creator Have
14) Once, he [a man] was praying. While he was praying, a serpent wrapped itself around his ass’ legs. The ass was startled and brayed twice. When he concluded his prayer he said, “This must be painful to my beast. It is punished because today I was early and my lips were speaking the Torah, and the ass took me through a place where there is filth, and now it is being afflicted.” He rose and saw the serpent tied to the ass’ leg and said, “Serpent, serpent, go and tie your knots in the slopes of your hole.” At the same time, he removed the serpent from the ass’ leg and it fell, pieces over pieces.
15) The Creator is meticulous with the righteous and guards them, since He wishes to add holiness to their holiness. And this ass was afflicted because he was keeping my holiness. That serpent was a messenger. The Creator has several messengers, and He carries out His mission, even in animals of the field, as it is written, “And I will send the beast of the field among you, which shall rob you of your children,” and with idol worshippers, as it is written, “The Lord will bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth.”
16) The Creator delivers His message through Israel, as well, such as a wicked through a righteous. But a wicked in the hand of another wicked from Israel does not carry out his mission, except in a time when he is not intending, as it is written, “And if a man did not lie in wait, but God caused it to come to his hand.” It is written precisely, “did not lie in wait,” for he did not intend to kill him but God caused it to come to his hand, to punish both of them, the killer and the killed.
17) How does the Creator carry out His mission through those and through idol worshippers?
18) “When He is quiet, who will condemn?” “When He is quiet,” when the Creator gives man peace and quiet, who has permission to harm him and accuse him? “And when He hides His face, who can behold Him?” “When He hides His eyes from watching over him, who will watch over him and guard him and keep him?” Then come the damagers and harm him, and the Creator’s way is on a nation and on a man alike, whether for the whole world, for one nation, or for one person.
19) When people’s deeds are good below, the right hand of the Creator awakens on them from above. Then, several lovers, several keepers of the world, and several keepers of man awaken from the right and from the left, from the side of Hesed and from the side of Gevura, to watch over him. And then the left surrenders and cannot govern.
And when people’s deeds are not good below, the left side awakens upon them, meaning judgments. And all those that come from the left side awaken and become emissaries to harm people, since all those who breached the words of Torah are written before them, and they are evident to those who awaken from the left side.
20) Hence, the animals and idol worshippers all come from the left side; they are all called messengers to those who are written before them, and they awaken toward them. And although the deeds of Israel are not good, they all come from the right. And since the right surrenders through the evil deeds of those who are written before them, the left, and all those who come from the left, govern them. For this reason, the mission is in the hands of the animals and the idol worshippers and all that are similar to them, which are from the left side. It is not in the hand of Israel, since even though he is wicked, he comes from the right side, and this side surrenders through their actions.
21) And a wicked from Israel who falls into the hands of Israel is only when the wicked did not intend to kill him. At that time, it is not because of an emissary, but because they are both punished and suffer punishments to purify them. They are on the right, and did not cling to the left, and never mingled with it, since they are both Israelites. Hence, he cannot be an emissary of the left, to punish anyone. And for this reason, when wicked Israelites intend to kill, they are removed from the world.
22) We know this from the mistress in Gibeah. Even though the people of Gibeah were wicked, the Creator did not want them to awaken to punish other wicked from among the children of Israel. This is why they died all the times that they died, in the first wars, until all the wicked that were awakened to punish them died and were lost, and only the most righteous remained, for they did this in the way of truth.
And although they are righteous, when the worlds are as one, that is, when the lower world behaves as though it is an upper world, it is given only to those who come from the left—the animals and the idol worshippers. This is so because when the bottom world behaves as the upper, the branches of the right cannot be emissaries to the actions of the left, to kill and to punish, since these matters are never replaced above. And at the time of the wars with the mistress in Gibeah, the worlds were not corresponding, one similar to the other. Hence, the righteous could punish and kill, although no such thing occurs above.
23) Hence, to other wicked, the wicked of Israel are not the king’s messengers, since they do not come from the left. This is akin to people who sinned against their king. The officer rose toward them, to catch and punish them. One sage from among the people of the city rose up and mingled with the officer’s assistants. The officer looked up, saw him, and said, “Who put you here among us? Are you not one of those who sinned against the king? Hence, you will be punished first.” They took him and killed him.
24) Such are Israel: they come from the right side, are not attached to the left, and never mingled with it. And when the transgressions of the wicked cause the right to surrender and the left to awaken—including all those who come from there to punish them—if one from Israel, from the right, arises to mingle with them, they know him and tell him: “Are you not one of those who come from the right, who surrendered because of the transgressions of the wicked? Are you not one of those who sinned before the king? Who put you among us?” Thus, he is punished first. King Solomon cried against them and said, “Wherein a man has exercised authority over another man to his hurt.” Certainly, it is to his hurt, since he is not the king’s emissary and he does not come from the left side.
25) Right and left, mercy and judgment. Israel are to the right and the idol worshipping nations are to the left. Israel, even when they are wicked and yielding, they are on the right; they do not cling to the left, and never mingle with it. This is why it is written, “Save with Your right hand, and answer me,” for when the right ascends, Israel—who cling to it—rise and are crowned in it. Then the left side and all who come with it surrender, as it is written, “Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.”
On the Eighth Day
26) “And it came to pass on the eighth day,” “for He shall ordain you seven days.”
27) Happy are the priests who are crowned with the crowns of the Holy King, ZA, whose crowns are the lights of Bina. They are anointed with the holy anointing oil, by which the upper oil awakens, which is the abundant Hochma in Bina, which waters all seven Sefirot HGT NHYM that are anointed by that holy oil in Bina. And all these seven candles, which are seven Sefirot, are lit up by her, and the holy oil, Bina, is the sum of all seven. Hence, it is said about them, “He shall ordain you seven days.” Seven days are the seven Sefirot included in Bina. They will fill your hands with the anointing oil by imparting in the seven Sefirot de [of] ZA, and each seven Sefirot de ZA are included in Bina.
28) They are only six days, HGT NHY, included in Bina, and Bina includes them all. This is why she is considered as a separate day. This, also, is why it is written, “He shall ordain you seven days,” which are HGT NHY de ZA with the Bina, since HGT NHY de ZA depend on Bina; hence, she is counted with them. And this is why Malchut, Bat Sheva [Hebrew: having seven], is called “the assembly of Israel,” since she is made of six other Sefirot.
But then, she should have been called Bat Shesh [Hebrew: having six]. However, together with her Sefira, she is seven. Here, too, since Bina consists of six others, she is regarded as a separate day, as well, to be counted along with them, and they are seven days.
29) Since they are seven—Bina with the six days included in her—he complemented the priests, crowned them, and anointed them with everything when they came to the assembly of Israel, Malchut, which is the eighth day, after Bina, HGT, NHY. Aaron was commanded to sacrifice a calf, the offspring of a cow—which implies Malchut—to atone for the sin of the other calf that Aaron had committed and had sinned, to the cow, to Malchut, which is the eighth to the seven days, and she is called, “…who are peaceable and faithful in Israel.” Then the priest is complete with everything, the eight attires of glory, complete with all the Sefirot, complete above, and complete below.
30) Everything should be shown in action below. This is why there was the deed with Aaron below, when he did not leave the tabernacle for seven days and made the offering of the sacrifice on the eighth day, to thus awaken above so everything will be in the same way. Then, all the worlds are blessed and the blessings are present because of the priest. And thus the priest is completed as he should be.
31) “…a bull-calf for a sin-offering” because of that sin he had initially committed, which is the calf. “…and a ram for a burnt-offering” because of the ram that Abraham had sacrificed, instead of Isaac, the mitigation of Isaac, the unblemished offering. And this ram was fitting for sacrifice and to complement and to mitigate the left and to complement the Malchut from the side of Isaac. Since Malchut is built from the left side, Isaac, it must be complemented from there.
And this ram was sacrificed as an offering because of Isaac’s ram, since the offering rises to Bina to crown Malchut in completeness. A calf is for her, to correct the flaw in Malchut from the deed with the calf. And the ram is to complement her with the perfection of Isaac, since Isaac is the left, an ox, and the ram is his mitigation and completion.
32) Israel, who sinned along with the priest in the sin of the calf, sacrifice, as it is written, “And an ox and a ram for peace-offerings, to sacrifice before the Lord.” An ox is to correct the flaw for having sinned with the calf, and a ram is to complete the Malchut in Isaac’s perfection.
33) Why does it say, concerning a priest, “…a bull-calf for a sin-offering,” and does not say about Israel, “an ox for a sin-offering”? Israel were punished first, and in several ways through the sons of Levi. Hence, the Creator did not wish to mention their sin as in the beginning. This is why it does not say here, “a sin-offering,” but “for peace-offerings,” to show peace, that the Creator is at peace with Israel in that regard.
34) But Aaron was not punished for the sin of the calf because of Moses’ prayer. And until now, the sin was in the air, which is why it is written, “…a bull-calf for a sin-offering,” to atone for his sin and purify him, so he will be fully completed.
35) On that day, the upper and lower were completed, and he was complete in everything, joy above and below. And if the obstruction to the sons of Aaron had not been found on that day, since Israel rose from the sea, there would not be joy of upper and lower as on that day. On that day, the sin of the calf was removed from the world, and the priests and Israel were purified from it. On that day, all the accusers above were removed, and they were walking and wandering around Israel, but they were not found at that time.
36) Until the time came when Nadab and Abihu rose and mixed the joy of all, and anger was made in the world, as it is written, “And the glory of the Lord appeared unto the people.” Promptly, “And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer.”
37) On that day, there was the joy of the assembly of Israel, Malchut, connecting in ties of faith with all the holy ties in all the Sefirot of ZA. This is so because the incense connects all as one, which is why it is called “incense.” Nadab and Abihu came and tied all these together to the Sitra Achra, and left the Malchut outside because they did not connect her with the Sefirot de ZA. They tied another thing instead of the Malchut, which is why he later warns the priests, as it is written, “With this shall Aaron come into the holy place,” when he ties this Malchut, called, “this.”
38a) In several ways was the joy of the assembly of Israel mixed:
That they did not marry a woman and were not qualified to sacrifice and to have the worlds blessed through them;
The time was not ripe for burning incense, since it was not during the raising of the candles and the making good of the candles;
They prematurely attempted to inherit the priesthood, while their father was still alive;
Before they gave the incense, their sentence had come out, as it is written, “And offered strange fire before the Lord,” when the Sitra Achra was connected in that tie and they immersed the assembly of Israel, Malchut, from the outside.
38b) It was not placed outside, but the assembly of Israel was not tied to ZA by them, since wherever there are male and female, the assembly of Israel is not among them whatsoever. This is why he warned the priests, as it is written, “With this shall Aaron come into the holy place,” that male and female will be found. Otherwise, this Malchut will not be and hence the priest will not come unto the holiness until he marries a woman, to partake in the connection of the assembly of Israel. This is so because he who did not marry a woman leaves the assembly of Israel outside and she does not join with him. Hence, for them it is a mixture on that day.
39) “Like a lily among the thorns, so is my wife among the daughters.” The lily among the thorns is the assembly of Israel. The Creator praises the assembly of Israel, and the Creator’s love is to cling unto her. Hence, he who marries a woman should praise the Creator and praise the assembly of Israel, since in every Mitzva [commandment/good deed], one should show love in the act, as a man who clings to his mate and his love is accordingly. This is so because when he comes to stand before the Holy King, he evokes another Zivug, a higher one, since the love of the Creator is to cling unto the assembly of Israel, and one who evokes it—the Creator blesses him and the assembly of Israel blesses him.
40) The praise that the Creator praises the assembly of Israel, Malchut, is like a lily among the thorns, since she is better and higher than all. Such is the assembly of Israel among the rest of the camps, since she rises above all and crowns them. And this is the lily among the thorns and the citron among the thorns, since “lily” and “citron” are the names of Malchut, who is among the thorns, to show the praise of the assembly of Israel above all.
Malchut’s Kelim de Achoraim [posterior vessels] fell into the world of Beria, where there is a grip to the external ones. At that time, she is among the thorns. In Gadlut [adulthood], when she is in Zivug with ZA, she raises her Kelim de Achoraim from the world of Beria and from the external ones, and they become Kelim for light of Hochma, since the light of Hochma is received only in these Kelim de Achoraim. It follows that they rise above all others, and this is why He praises her, “As a lily among the thorns.” But she is also a citron among the thorns because she takes all the praise from there.
41) The assembly of Israel is blessed by the priest, and Israel are blessed by the priest, and the priest is blessed by the high priest, Hesed de ZA, as it is written, “So shall they put My name upon the children of Israel, and I will bless them.”
42) “Remember, O Lord, Thy compassions and Thy mercies, for they are from the world.” “Remember… Thy compassions” is Jacob, and “Thy mercies” is Abraham. “…they are from the world” means that the Creator took them from the world and raised them, and made them into a holy chariot to protect the world. And because they are from the world, He remembers them, to protect the world and to have mercy on it. Similarly, the Creator takes righteous from the world and raises them, to protect the world.
43) Isaac is not mentioned here because he remained to avenge those who afflict his sons, as it is written, “stir up Thy might.” It is also written, “The Lord will go forth as a mighty man, He will stir up jealousy like a man of war.” This is Isaac, the quality of Gevura, whose merit is kept for a day of vengeance.
“Remember, O Lord, Thy compassions and Thy mercies” are Jacob and Abraham, whom we need to protect us. But Isaac is there only to wage wars, which is the opposite of mercy and compassion. Hence, they do not need him with them, so he will not evoke the judgment.
44) When He created the world, He took Isaac and created the world, for He created the world with the quality of judgment. He saw that judgment alone could not hold, and took Abraham, Hesed, and sustained the world with him. It is written, “These are the generations of the heaven and the earth BeHibaram [when they were created].” Do not read, BeHibaram, but Be Avraham [with Abraham].
When He saw that more sustenance is required, He took Jacob, the quality of mercy, and associated it with Isaac, judgment, and sustained the world, as it is written, “in the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven.” HaVaYaH [the Lord] is the quality of mercy, and Elokim [God] is the quality of judgment. Hence, with Abraham and Jacob, the world persisted, which is why it is written, “For they are from the world.”
45) Once Aaron was completed in those seven days, which are Bina, HGT, and NHY, and was crowned in them, the eighth day, Malchut, should be completed by the seven fillings through the priest. Hence, the work in the eighth is to be crowned by the seven, which are Bina, HGT, and NHY, and for the priest to be corrected for the transgression of the calf that he initially sinned.
46) “And he said unto Aaron: ‘Take thee a bull-calf,’” to atone for the calf he had sinned in, as it is written, “…and made it into a molten calf.” A bull-calf and not a bull-cow since, he should be corrected with the cow, Malchut, whom he flawed by the deed with the calf; hence, he is unfit to sacrifice from her to her. This is why it did not say, “bull-cow.” The gift that he sends to the king should be from another house, and not from the king’s house. Thus, he is unfit to sacrifice from his own to his own, since he sinned with a calf and he sacrifices with a calf, and he should have sacrificed another species; hence a bull-calf and not a bull-cow.
Cattle implies an ox, Gevura de ZA, and a cow implies Malchut. And Malchut contains three faces: the face of a lion, the face of an ox, and the face of an eagle. A bull-calf implies the ox included in Malchut. Since he flawed Malchut, the correction should be from another place, since a bull-calf implies the face of an ox in ZA, from which the correction is extended to Malchut. Hence, it is not from his to his, but from another place, unlike a bull-cow, which would imply the ox in Malchut.
47) To atone for that sin which he had sinned. “…and a ram for a burnt-offering, without blemish.” A calf is not a sacrifice for an offering, but a sacrifice for a sin. Hence, “without blemish,” in plural tense [in Hebrew], relates only to the ram?
48) But Isaac’s ram must be sacrificed to the cow, as it is mentioned twice in the text. It is written, “And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram,” “And Abraham went and took the ram,” thus two. It is written about them, “and offered him up for a burnt-offering.” This is why it is said, “without blemish,” in plural tense, two rams. This is also why Gevurot are divided into several others.
The Binding of Isaac is diminution of GAR of the left line so it will unite with the right line, called “Abraham.”
Two actions occur in Masach de Hirik in the middle line when it comes to unite the left and the right: 1) It exposes the Masach of the quality of judgment of the first restriction, when the left line was entirely emptied of its lights. 2) It conceals the quality of judgment and elevates Malchut to Bina, where it is mitigated by the quality of mercy, since it first extends Bina’s Katnut [infancy] through this Masach.
Through the upper illumination, it lowers the Malchut from Bina and the Gadlut [adulthood] of Bina appears. Then it obtains the left line in VAK de GAR once more and unites with the right, which is GAR de Panim [face].
This is why it initially said from the middle line, ZA, to Abraham, Hesed and right, to slaughter his son, Isaac, by the force of the first action of the Masach de Hirik in the middle line, the disclosure of the quality of judgment that removes all the lights from the left line, which is considered “slaughtering.”
Afterwards he was told, “Lay not thy hand upon the lad.” This is the concealment of the quality of judgment.
Then it is said, “And Abraham… looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns,” that is, he saw how Malchut rose and was entangled in Bina. This is the second act of the Masach de Hirik. Through this seeing, the Katnut extends from Bina.
Subsequently, through higher illumination, Malchut descends from Bina and the Gadlut from Bina appears, as it is written, “…and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt-offering instead of his son,” since then Isaac, his son was corrected through the Gadlut from Bina.
Thus, the two times that the text writes “ram” are two mitigations: one for Katnut and one for Gadlut. This is why it is said, “…a ram for a burnt-offering, without blemish,” twice ram, since while sacrificing the ram as an offering, one should aim toward the two discernments of offerings of ram, mentioned in the binding of Isaac. It is said about them, “without blemish,” in plural tense [in Hebrew], since there are two kinds of Gevurot: 1) of Katnut, which is the left line, Gevura, VAK without a Rosh, and 2) of Gadlut, when the left line has VAK de Hochma. And these two Gevurot divide into several discernments.
49) “Then to the sons of Israel you shall speak, saying, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering.’” Should it not have said “a calf” for a sin offering, as with the priest? However, Israel had already received their punishment. This is why it does not say about them, “a calf for a sin offering,” but a calf for an offering, since all those who sinned with the calf in speech, in deed, and in service, had already received punishment. And even those who did not really serve but wanted to serve it were punished, too, as it is written, “…and made the sons of Israel drink it.” This caused punishment to those who wished to serve it.
But all those who did not wish to serve it, but only raised a shadow of a wish out of it were cleansed here with the sacrifice of the offering of the calf. This is why it is sacrificed as an offering and not as a sin-offering, since an offering is sacrificed for the contemplation of the heart.
50) “Take a male goat for a sin offering,” since they only sinned with the thoughts of the heart, for which an offering is sufficient, since they first sacrificed to the he-goats that rule over the high mountains. This is the meaning of sin-offering, since they needed a sin-offering to be purified from that sin. Moreover, they needed a sin-offering for the renewal of the moon, for it was the beginning of Nissan [eighth month in the Jewish calendar], and a sin-offering is sacrificed at the beginning of a month.
51) “And an ox and a ram for peace-offerings.” An ox and not a bull because a complete ox implies the face of an ox, Gevura de ZA, but bull and cow imply male and female in the left of Malchut, which is incomplete. Hence, the ox comes to show the peace in Malchut, where from Gevura de ZA, which is an ox, the Gevura of Malchut is mitigated. These are the bull and the cow, as it is written, “peace-offerings.”
Ox and ram come from the left side of ZA. An ox is from the left, as it is written, “the face of an ox on the left side,” and a ram is, too, because it is Isaac’s ram, which is from the left. “For peace-offerings,” to complement them to the assembly of Israel, which is Malchut. Hence, “And an ox and a ram for peace-offerings.”
52) Everything is because the assembly of Israel, Malchut, is crowned and blessed with fillings by the priest. And the eighth day, the joy of the assembly of Israel in the Creator, is the joy of upper and lower. And as the priest is completed below, the priest—which is Hesed de ZA—is seemingly completed above, as well, except for Nadab and Abihu, which caused obstruction between the mistress and the king, hence, “And there came forth fire from before the Lord, and devoured them.”
53) “And Moses said… unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar… ‘Let not the hair of your heads go loose…for the anointing oil of the Lord is upon you.’” By the act below, actions awaken above. And the act below should be seen as the act above.
54) All the joy above depends on the holy oil, Hochma [wisdom], from which joy and blessings come out to all the candles. And the high priest, Hesed, is crowned in the abundance of oil that extends from Hochma. For this reason, the priest, on whom the anointing oil is poured, such as above, should show gladness and a bright face, and no deficiency should be seen in his head and his clothes, but he should be utterly perfect, such as above, and no flaw should be seen in him, so he will not blemish elsewhere, above.
55) If Eleazar and Ithamar were seen as flawed at that time, in either their clothes or heads, they would not be saved at the time when Nadab and Abihu died, since the time was time to pass judgment. This is why we learned that when there is a plague in the world, one should not awaken himself to anything in the world so as to not make an impression, to awaken the litigants upon him, except if he awakens himself to a good thing and can repel the time of judgment.
This is so because when there is judgment in the world, one who meets it is picked up and taken away from the world. For this reason, “and you shall not die.” It is written, “and your brothers, the whole house of Israel, shall grieve over the burning,” since they do not come from the side of the priests and there is no fear that they will be harmed. Hence, they are permitted to awaken and grieve over the fire, but not the priests, which are ruled by the judgment at that time.
And Aaron Took Elisheba
56) “And Aaron took Elisheba.” And Aaron took, such as above. Bat Sheba, Malchut, was fit for David since the day the world was created. Elisheba, Malchut, was fit for Aaron since the day the world was created.
57) Since both are Malchut, what is the difference between Bat Sheba and Elisheba? It is all one; they are both Malchut, but for judgment and for mercy. When she connects with David, she is in judgment, waging wars and shedding blood. In Aaron, she is for peace, for joy, for brightness of face, to be blessed by him. This is why there she is called, “Bat Sheba,” and here “Elisheba,” for she conjoined with Hesed. It is because she is the letters Eli Sheva, and El is Hesed. Bat Sheba is for judgment, to inherit the Malchut and to become stronger.
58) This voice of the Shofar [Ram’s horn] is beautiful. This is Jacob, who was contemplated (Hochma) along with the patriarchs (the general HGT), and they emerged from the Shofar together, from Bina, upper Ima. This is so because as you blow the Shofar and it produces water, wind, and fire together, from which the voice is made, upper Ima, called Shofar, educes the patriarchs, HGT, with one voice, the middle line, Tifferet. And out of the thought, they rise together in a single voice, and that voice is called “the voice of the Shofar.” And this is Jacob, the middle line, which includes the patriarchs, HGT, together, since the middle line contains all three lines within it, and it is called “voice.”
59) There are two voices—of the lock and of the key. The voice of the lock emerges from the voice of the key. But one voice is called “the voice of the Shofar,” the voice of the key, the mitigation of Malchut in Bina, called “a Shofar.” From here, the rest of the voices come out of the Shofar, in the Zivug of the thought, Hochma with Bina. And they are seven voices—HGT NHYM de ZA—which emerge through the Zivug of the thought in the Shofar, Hochma and Bina. And this Shofar, which is Bina, waters and satiates the patriarchs first, HGT, and then the sons, NHYM.
60) “And Aaron took Elisheba,” Malchut, to perfume her and delight her, and reconnect her with the holy king, ZA, in a complete Zivug, through which the blessings will be in all the worlds through Aaron. This is why the high priest should have a bright face, with joy, such as above, since it is through him that blessings and joy are found. Therefore, judgment and anger and sadness depart from him, to not blemish the place that ties to him, the Malchut. And for this reason, their brothers, the whole of the house of Israel will grieve over the fire, and not a priest. It is written about them, “Bless, Lord, his substance, and accept the work of his hands.”
Drink No Wine or Strong Drink
61) Nadab and Abihu were drunken by wine, and “wine makes man’s heart glad.” If the priest needs to rejoice and have an exceptionally bright face, why is he forbidden to have wine? After all, this is where joy lies, and the brightness of the face is within it.
62) The beginning of wine is gladness and its end is sadness. And the priest should be glad forever. Moreover, the wine comes from the side of the Levis, the left, since the Torah and the wine of Torah are from the side of Gevura, while the side of the priests is clear and bright water, which is Hesed.
63) The left is included with the right, and the right with the left. Hence, wine, which is from the left, begins with joy, since it consists of water, which is from the right, and then returns to its place, the left, and he is sad, angry, and judgmental, as is the way of the left.
64) Wine, oil, and water come from one place. The priests take the water and oil from the right and inherit them. Oil, Hochma, more than anything, is joy in the beginning and in the end, unlike wine, which ends in sadness, as it is written, “like the precious oil upon the head, coming down upon the beard; even Aaron’s beard.” And wine, which is to the left, is what the Levis inherit, to raise the voice and to sing, and not to keep silent, since wine is never silent and oil is always in a whisper.
65) What is the difference between oil and wine? Oil is in secret and always in a whisper. It comes from the thought, Hochma, like an undisclosed thought. Hence, oil is from the right.
Wine is to raise the voice; it is never silent. This is because the drunk cannot keep silent. It comes from the side of Ima, from the left of Bina, and it is inherited by the Levis, which are to the left, and are ready to sing and to raise the voice. They are in judgment. Hence, it is written, “and according to their word shall every controversy and every stroke be.” And although this is said about the priests, it is written there, “the priests the sons of Levi,” which indicates that they are Levis. Thus, “according to their word shall every controversy and every stroke be.”
66) For this reason, when a priest begins to work at the Temple, he is forbidden to drink wine, since his actions are secretive. He comes secretly and makes unifications and mates whom he mates, ZON, and extends blessings to all the worlds. And it is all in secret, for all his deeds are hidden. This is why he is forbidden to drink wine, which reveals secrets, because when wine enters, a secret exits, and in all his deeds, he is about to raise his voice.
Oil extends from Hochma, right, and AVI are always in covered Hassadim. And the oil is in concealment and in secret, for it does not appear in illumination of Hochma. And from there the priests extend.
The wine is from the left of Bina that returned to being Hochma, illumination of Hochma, which reveals the Hassadim and sounds them. Hence, the wine reveals a secret. It raises the voice because voice is Hassadim and the wine reveals the Hassadim, for the outward appearance is tantamount to raising one’s voice. Hence, the priest, whose every action is in secret and in hiding, since he extends from Hochma and Hesed, is entirely right and covered Hassadim. This is why he is forbidden to drink wine, for he must be like his root above.
68) “And your mouth is like the good wine! It goes straight to my beloved.” “And your mouth is like the good wine” is the wine of Torah. It is good because the wine of the Sitra Achra is not good, and the wine of Torah is good for all—good for this world and good for the next world. It is a wine that is more acceptable to the Creator than any other. And because of that, one who satiates himself with the wine of Torah will awaken to the next world and will be rewarded with the revival of the dead when the Creator raises the righteous.
69) Had it been written, “And your mouth is from the good wine,” we would have said that it means from the wine of Torah. But it writes, “like the good wine,” and not, “from wine.”
70) One who engages in Torah and adheres to it, that word of Torah is sounded from him, and he does not whisper it but raises his voice. This is so because the voice should be raised in the Torah, for it is written, “She calls at the head of the noisy streets,” to raise the song of Torah and not in a whisper. That person is like good wine that does not keep silent. He is destined to raise a voice when he leaves this world. “It goes straight to my beloved,” since he will not stray to the right or to the left, and will find no one to detain him. “…speaking through the lips of those who are asleep,” for even in that world, his lips speak words of Torah.
71) Moreover, “And your mouth is like the good wine” is said to the assembly of Israel, Malchut, in her praise. Who praises her? If it is the Creator who praises her, what is, “It goes straight to my beloved”? It should have said, “goes straight to Me.”
72) But certainly, the Creator is the one who praises the assembly of Israel, as she praises Him, as it is written, “His mouth is full of sweetness.” Similarly, the Creator praises the assembly of Israel, “And your mouth is like the good wine.” The good wine is the kept wine, illumination of Hochma that is in Bina. “…goes to my beloved” is Isaac, the left line of ZA, called, “a friend from the womb.” “…straight,” as in, “You have established equity,” which are Hesed and Gevura, to include the left, Gevura, to the right of Hesed, and this is “…straight.” Because of the joy of that good wine, the left is included in the right and all rejoice because all awaken with joy and blessings, and all the worlds are glad and awaken to impart blessings below.
And God Created the Great Sea Monsters
76) “And God created the great sea-monsters.” Any place of judgment is called Elokim [God]. And that high place, Bina, the place from which the judgments emerge, he calls it Elokim. And even though Bina is mercy, judgments emerge from her and depend on her. This is why she is called Elokim.
77) The great sea monsters are the patriarchs, HGT, which are first watered by Bina, and then send roots to bestow upon all. “…and every living creature that moves.” Every living creature is Nefesh of Adam ha Rishon, which the upper land, Malchut, educed from the upper Haya, which is Bina.
It is written, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures,” which is Nefesh of Adam ha Rishon, who pulled into him. “…that moves” is Haya, Bina. “…swarmed” means bestowing in all the mountains, which are HGT—above and below—to ZA and Malchut.
And the words, “And the earth brought forth…” is Malchut, Nefesh of Adam ha Rishon, from the “living creature that moves,” which is Bina. “…with which the waters swarmed” are the Hassadim [mercy] of the upper river, Bina, which stretches out of Eden, Hochma, and waters the tree, ZA, so it may strike its roots over everything, and will contain food for all.
78) Another meaning: the creature that moves is Malchut, King David, of whom it is written, “I shall not die but live.” “…and every winged bird after its kind” are the holy angels that are there to sanctify the name of their Master every single day. It is written about them, “six wings, six wings for the one.” And some fly around the world to do their Masters’ will, as His heralds, each as it should.
79) Certainly, the “living creature that moves” is the highest Haya, Bina, since the text calls the other one—Malchut—“land,” as it is written, “and let birds multiply on the earth,” in Malchut, and not in water, which are Bina’s Hassadim. The river, Bina, stretches out and waters without separation down to that place called “earth,” Malchut. And from there down, it is written, “and from there it parted,” which are the worlds of separation. And the fowl are the angels from the world of separation. The fowl depend on the earth, Malchut, and are watered by it, as it is written, “and let birds multiply on the earth.”
Raisin Cakes and Apples
80) “Sustain me with raisin cakes, refresh me with apples.” We learned this verse and it is good. But the assembly of Israel says it in the exile. “Sustain me” means that one who has fallen needs to be supported, as it is written, “The Lord sustains all who fall.” For this reason, the assembly of Israel, Malchut, which has fallen, as in, “She has fallen, she will not rise again,” needs to be sustained. This is why she said, “Sustain me.” She said that to Israel, her sons, who are in exile with her.
81) With what is the fallen Malchut sustained? With raisin cakes—the patriarchs—which are first filled with the good, kept wine, illumination of Hochma from Bina’s left line, which is received in HGT—the patriarchs. And when they receive the kept wine, they are called, “raisin cakes.” And when they are filled, the blessings are inside Malchut, through one degree, which is righteous, Yesod, which receives from the patriarchs and bestows upon Malchut. And it unites the Holy Name, Malchut, with ZA, so she will receive of those raisin cakes even though there are no blessings in the world, for she is still in exile. He, Yesod, supports and sustains the assembly of Israel in exile, which is why she said, “Sustain me with raisin cakes.”
82) “…refresh me with apples.” Apples and raisin cakes are both the patriarchs, which bestow upon Yesod, and Yesod, upon Malchut. The difference between them is that a raisin cake brings in the wine, and the apple takes out the wine and aims the desire. This is why it writes raisin cakes and apples. Raisin cakes to be satiated by wine, and apples to aim the desire, so the wine will not do harm.
And all of this is “for I am love-sick,” in exile. And one who unites the Holy Name should unite the judgment with mercy, to properly incorporate them, to properly perfume and correct everything. And this supports the assembly of Israel in exile.
The patriarchs, HGT de ZA, are called “apples,” since ZA is called “an apple,” as it is written, “Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest.” However, apples are regarded as being from the side of Hassadim, which are dominated by the right of HGT, as it is written, “In his shade I took great delight and sat down.”
Raisin cakes are regarded as being from the side of the domination of the left side of HGT, which receives the kept wine, illumination of Hochma from Bina’s left side, when HGT de ZA are governed by the left, which is the time for receiving wine. These are Kelim [vessels] for reception of the wine, and at that time they are called “raisin cakes.” When illumination of the left is drawn without Hitkalelut [mingling] with the right, this draws harmful judgments from the left. This is why the apples, which are illumination of Hassadim, are needed, for then the raisin cakes do not do harm, as it is written, “raisin cakes,” which are judgments, “with apples,” which are mercy.
83) “Who ate the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offering?” Happy are Israel for they are holy, and the Creator wishes to sanctify them. The holy Israel, the entire life of the world that they inherit depends on the next world, Bina, since it is the life of everything, above and below. And this is the place of the kept wine—in her left line. From there, from Bina, life and sanctity emit to all.
And the wine of Israel below is holy because of the wine of another Israel, above, which is ZA, who receives the kept wine from Bina. One depends upon the other, for the wine below depends and corresponds to the wine above, since Israel above, ZA, take life in the wine, illumination of Hochma, called Haya. This is why it is called, “The Tree of Life.” It is a tree from that place which is called life, and from which life emits. This is the reason why we bless to the Creator with wine, for the wine of Israel below is as the wine above.
84) An idol worshipper is impure, and one who nears him becomes impure. When he approaches and touches Israel’s wine, the wine is defiled and is forbidden to drink. All the more so, the wine that he himself makes is impure, since their wine is discerned as the Sitra Achra, which extends the intoxicating wine, the extension of illumination of Hochma from the left, from above downwards, which is severe impurity that nourishes the Klipot [shells].
The kept wine, however, is the wine of the upper Israel, ZA, which extends from below upwards. Hence, do not say that only the wine that Israel makes below is as that of above, but all that Israel do below is a sample of above, especially with wine, which stands at a high place, like the kept wine.
85) For this reason, Israel drink the wine of Israel, which was made properly, in sanctity. It is similar to the Israel above, ZA, who drinks and is rooted and blessed by that sublime, holy wine, which extends from Bina from below upwards. And they do not drink wine that was made in impurity and from the side of impurity, since the spirit of impurity is in it, and the spirit of one who drinks it is defiled, and he is defiled. He is not from the side of Israel and has no share in the next world, since the next world, which is Bina, is the place of the kept wine that extends from below upwards.
86) Hence, the holy Israel should keep it more than anything, since it connects to the place of the next world. And for this reason, the Creator is blessed with wine more than with anything, since it rejoices the left side of ZA, by the force of the kept wine that stretches to it from Bina. In its joy, it is included in the right of ZA, and the Hassadim from the right are included with the illumination of Hochma in the left.
And when everything becomes right in ZA, when the right in him prevails, the Holy Name, Malchut, delights, and the blessings are present in all the worlds. The act of drinking wine below awakens the act above, and illumination of Hochma, the kept wine, extends from Bina to the left line of ZA, as it is written, “drink, drink abundantly, O beloved.” This is why we summon the wine below, corresponding to the wine above.
87) And because it is kept wine above, in Bina, it must be kept below from any foreign touch. Its keeping is holiness for Israel, and one who flaws it below, in the side of impurity, will be defiled in this world and will have no share in the next world, Bina, the place of that kept wine.
And since he did not keep the wine below, he is not kept for the next world. He defiled the wine and he will be defiled in that world, and will have no share in that wine of the next world. Happy are Israel who sanctify themselves with the upper holiness and keep what should be kept, and sanctify the king with this sublime keeping. Happy are they in this world and in the next.
A Man Who Takes Bribes
88) “The king gives stability to the land by justice, but a man who gives gifts destroys it.” The king is the Creator. “…by justice” is Jacob, who is the sum of the patriarchs, the middle line, containing Hesed and Gevura, Abraham and Isaac, since in the middle line does he establish and sustains the earth, Malchut. “But a man who gives gifts” means the word Terumot [gifts/donations] is written without a Vav, which is the middle line, called “sentence.” The gift is Malchut, as it is written, “And this is the contribution.” Malchut is called “this,” and the man who gives gifts is Esau, who asked about contributions and tithing every day but did nothing. He would ask his father, “How does one give tithing off straw and salt?” But he did not give tithing even from what should be deducted as tithing. And he is a man of contributions who is not sentencing, like Jacob, who is the middle line.
However, he is only from the left line that is not included in the right, since the contribution, Malchut, is the departure of mercies from his side; it is discerned as judgment only, which is left without right. And this is why Malchut is not included in the sentence that includes right and left, and this is why he destroys her, as it is written, “some are perished without sentence,” since it is judgment without mercy. Hence, “…a man who gives gifts destroys it.”
89) But King David was a man of gifts. Is King David a chariot for Malchut from the discernment of her left? He is rather, in mercy, not only for Malchut of the left, such as Esau, but also for the left of Malchut, clothed in mercy. Moreover, it is written, “the sure mercies of David.” Thus, as he clung to the Malchut of the left, he clung to the Hassadim, as well.
90) All his life, King David tried to connect this contribution, Malchut, to the sentence, ZA, the middle line, and have them mate together. Solomon came and coupled them, and the moon, Malchut, stood in its fullest. And the earth, Malchut, insisted on its persistence. Zedekiah came and separated them, and the earth, Malchut, remained without a sentence, ZA. Thus, the moon was flawed and the land was ruined. Then it was said, “but a man who gives gifts,” Zedekiah, “destroys it.”
Oil and Wine
91) Oil, right, is for the priests. Wine, left, is for the Levis. It is not because they need to drink wine, but because abundance of Hochma in the left line of Bina extends to their side from the kept wine, to join everything together and to delight all the worlds. In this way, right and left will be completely mingled in one another and all will be liked, and there will be love of the sons of faith. Thus, the Hitkalelut [mingling] of right and left in one another completes all the degrees.
92) Those whose desire clings to the Hitkalelut of right and left are whole in this world and in the next. And all their days, they cling to repentance, which is Bina—the place where there are wine and oil (uniting of right and left). And then he will not be attached to this world, not to wealth or its delights.
And King Solomon cried about it and said, “He who loves wine and oil shall not be rich” in this world, since another wealth awaits him, in which he will have a share. He will have a share in the next world, the place where there are wine and oil, in this world and in the next. And those who love this place do not need wealth and do not chase it. Happy are the righteous, who engage in the higher wealth all day, as it is written, “Gold or glass cannot equal it, nor can it be exchanged for vessels of fine gold.” This is in this world. And later, in the next world, “To endow those who love Me with wealth, that I may fill their treasuries.”
Written Torah and Oral Torah
93) “Now the Lord said to Moses, ‘Come up to Me on the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets with the law and the commandment which I have written for their instruction.’” The law is the written Torah, which is ZA, and the commandment is the oral Torah, Malchut. “For their instruction” is written without a Vav [in Hebrew]. Whose instruction? If it is to instruct Israel, which are ZON, whose children are Israel, as it is written, “You are the children of the Lord your God,” it is not so, for Israel are not mentioned in this verse, to be said about them, “for their instruction.” Rather, “for their instruction” concerns the law and the commandment, which is the kept wine, Bina, the mother of ZON, called law and commandment.
This is so because every writing of the upper book, which is Hochma, called, “the upper book,” is there in Bina. The upper book is Hochma; it is concealed and the beginning of its disclosure, considered writing, is in Bina. And the written law emerges from there, from Bina, which is ZA. This is why we call ZA, “the written Torah,” since ZA was emanated and emerged from the writing, which is Bina. This is the meaning of, “for their instruction,” certainly to instruct them, Hochma and Bina, which are book and writing, being the instructions of ZA.
94) The oral Torah, Malchut, is a different law, which stands and exists orally, which is Daat, ZA, which determines between Hochma and Bina, being the mouth of book and writing, which is Hochma and Bina. This is so because Daat, ZA, determines and reveals the Hochma and Bina, which are book and writing. It is like the mouth of a person, which reveals what is hidden in one’s thought.
And this law is a different law than the written Torah. It is called “oral Torah,” and it stands and exists on that mouth, called, “written Torah,” which is ZA, since Malchut stands and exists from ZA. This is why it is called, “oral Torah.” It is also why Moses was higher in every way than all other faithful prophets, as it is written, “and I will give you.” “You” excludes the rest of the prophets, since Moses is a chariot to the Daat, because from him comes the oral Torah.
And His Throne Will Be Established in Mercy
95) “Take away the dross from the silver, and there comes out a vessel for the smith; Take away the wicked from before the king, and his throne shall be established in mercy.” When wicked abound in the world, the throne of the Holy King—Malchut—is established in judgment, is sucked by judgment, and its flames burn the world. And when the wicked pass from the world, “his throne shall be established in mercy,” and not in judgment.
96) This means that the lower world, Malchut, depends on the upper world, ZA, and the upper world affects the lower world according to the ways of the lower world. Hence, “his throne shall be established in mercy.” This means that those who want to bless and correct their throne, which is the lower world, will correct it in mercy and not in judgment. It means that he will correct it in mercy. When the priest walks into the Temple, Malchut enters the Hesed, it enters the water, and will not enter the wine that he drank, which is Gevura.
This is so because now he revealed his intention, that Hesed and judgment, said about, “his throne shall be established in mercy,” are water and wine, Hassadim and illumination of Hochma. And the meaning of the verse, “Take away the wicked from before the king” means that extending wine, which is illumination of Hochma that is extended in judgments, removes the wicked from the world. By that, “Take away the wicked from before the king.”
And after the wicked have passed, there is no further need to extend the discernment of wine, but only Hassadim, which is water. This is so because they have already extended the wine to eradicate the wicked and the Sitra Achra, as in, “his throne shall be established in mercy,” and there is no further need to extend the discernment of wine, but only water, which is Hesed.
This Is the Animal
98) “And the Lord spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them: ‘…This is the animal that you may eat.’” It writes Aaron because he always separates the impure from the pure, since Aaron is Hesed and illumination of Hochma, Haya, and the difference between an impure and pure Haya [animal] is only in the Hesed.
The impure cling to the left line, which is separated from the right, Hochma without Hassadim, from which all the darkness and judgments extend. And the pure ones cling to the left line that is included in the right, when Hochma is clothed in Hesed, from which all the blessings and all the sanctities extend. The words, “This is the animal” imply illumination of Hochma, called, “light of Haya.” The difference between a pure Haya and an impure one is only in the Hesed, the discernment of Aaron; this is why this verse speaks to Moses and to Aaron.
99) “Who is the man who desires life?” Life is called, “the next world,” Bina, where there is life. The tree of life is a tree, ZA, from this life, the light of Bina, a tree that was planted in this life. This is what the words, “Who is the man who desires life?” speak of.
100) “…and loves days, that he may see good?” Days are the name of the Holy King. Malchut is called, “a name.” She clings to the upper days, HGT NHY de [of] ZA and receives them. It is said about them, “and loves days.” They are called, “as the days of the heavens above the earth.” The days of the heavens are HGT NHY de ZA, which are received by Malchut, called “earth.”
And one who desires the life above, to have a share in them, for they are the light of Bina that is received in the tree of life, ZA, and one who desires the upper days, HGT NHY de ZA that are received in Malchut, to cling to them and to love them, will guard his mouth from anything. He will keep his mouth and tongue—keep his mouth from food and drink that defile the soul, and keeps man away from this life of Bina in ZA, called “tongue,” and from the days of ZA, in Malchut, called “mouth.” And he will keep his tongue from slandering so he will not be defiled in them; he will keep away from them and will have no share in them.
101) Malchut is called “mouth,” and ZA is called “tongue.” A man will not blemish his mouth and tongue because he blemishes the upper mouth and tongue, all the more so with defiling the whole of his soul and body, since he has become impure in the other world, above.
102) “This is the animal… from all the beasts…” The Creator said that as long as Israel keep their souls and bodies so as to not defile them, certainly, “This is the animal that you may eat,” which will be in upper holiness, to cling unto My Name, Malchut, called “this,” and “animal.” Through the choice of that beast, which I have chosen for you to eat, you will not be defiled in them and you will be adhering to My Name, to Malchut. “This is the animal” means that you will be adhering to Malchut, called, “This is the animal that you may eat from among all the beasts,” when you eat the pure beasts that I have chosen for you.
103) As long as they do not watch over themselves and their bodies from food and drink, they will cling to another place, the impure one, to be defiled in them. This is why it is written, “This is the animal that you may eat from among all…” which is the Holy Name, to which to adhere. “…from among all” implies Yesod, called, “all,” from which comes the adhesion to His Name, as it is written, “all that is in the heaven and in the earth.” Yesod connects ZA and Malchut, called, “heaven” and “earth.” “…from among all the beasts that are on the earth” means that the eating of a beast will be in purity and will not defile you. Then you will have a share in My Name, called, “all,” to cling to.
104) “This is the animal that you may eat.” It is written about Pharaoh, “By this you shall know that I am the Lord.” “This” is Malchut, against you, to avenge you. “This is the animal that you may eat from among all the beasts.” “This” is against you, to avenge you, should you defile your souls. Malchut, specifically, will punish them, since the souls of people come from her.
This is so because the Nefesh [soul] extends from Malchut, and the Ruach [spirit] extends from ZA. And if you defile that soul, which is hers, then “this,” Malchut, will be against you. If it is for the better, she will stand for you so you will cling to her and have abundant goodness. And if it is for the worse, she will stand up to punish you.
105) “This is the animal that you may eat from among all the beasts” means that you are permitted to eat from among all those who cling to the pure side. And you are forbidden to eat all those who do not come from that side. This is so because there are beasts that come from the pure side, and there are beasts that come from the impure, other side. Their sign is the words, “Whatever divides a hoof.” All are written, and the writing registers them all. Hence, anyone who eats of those that come from the impure side is defiled in them and defiles his soul, which comes from the impure side.
106) It is a general rule that as there are ten Sefirot of faith above, there are ten Sefirot of impure sorcery below. And of all that there is on earth, some are gripped by that side and some are gripped by the other side. And the writing permits us those animals that are gripped on the side of the ten Sefirot of holiness, and forbids us all the animals that grip unto the side of the ten Sefirot of impurity.
107) This goat, upon which lies the spirit of impurity, are we permitted to eat it? No, for if the spirit of impurity is in it, we are forbidden to eat it. However, the spirits of impurity pass through them and appear opposite them, but do not stay within them, for when they come to be in them, another spirit, from the pure side, passes over them and the spirits of impurity depart them. Hence, they are only seen opposite them, to slander against people from within them, but they do not rule them. This is why we are permitted to eat them.
108) Since the spirits of impurity come to rule them, another spirit passes, from the pure side, and they raise their eyes and see their Reshimot [recollections] from the pure side, and separate from them. However, they are still seen before them, which is why it is not forbidden to eat them.
109) In beasts, in animals, in fowl, and in fish, in all of them, the right and left are seen. We are permitted to eat anyone who comes from the right side, and we are forbidden to eat all those who come from the left side. This is so because all their degrees are in impurity and they are all impure, and the spirit of impurity is in them and dwells in them. Hence, Israel’s spirit of holiness will not mingle with them and will not be defiled by them, so Israel will be holy and will be recognized above and below. Happy are Israel, for the Holy King desired them and wanted to purify them and to sanctify them over all, since they are adhered to Him.
110) “Israel, in whom I show My glory.” And if the Creator shows His glory in Israel, how will they come to be defiled and adhere to the side of impurity? This is why it is written, “sanctify yourselves, and be holy, for I am holy, and do not defile your souls.” One who is in the image of the king does not need to part from the ways of the king. This is why the Creator wrote for Israel all those who come from the other side. Happy are Israel, of whom it is written, “All who see them will recognize them because they are the offspring whom the Lord has blessed.”
111) Anyone who eats of the forbidden food clings to the other side and loathes his soul and body. The spirit of impurity is upon him and he shows himself as having no share in the Upper God and that he does not come from His side and does not cling unto Him. If one exits this world in this way, all those who cling to the side of impurity cling to him and defile him, and determine him to be a person who is despised by his master, despised in this world, and despised in the next world.
That You Should Be Defiled by Them
112) It is written about that, “…that you should be defiled by them,” without the letter Aleph [in the word, “defiled,” in Hebrew]. This indicates that there is no cure to this abomination in him, and he never departs his impurity. Woe unto them and woe unto their souls, for they will never cling to the bundle of life, for they have been defiled. Woe unto their bodies. It is written about them, “for their worm shall not die… and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh,” and it was the side they adhered to that caused them all that.
113) Israel come from the right side. If they cling to the left, they blemish the right side; they blemish their bodies, and they blemish their souls; they blemish in this world and they blemish in the next world. It is even more so with those who cling to the side of impurity, which extends from the left side. It is all blemished, since all are adhered to each other: the impure side and the left side are adhered to each other, meaning the upper left line, which is separated from the right, from which impurity extends, as it is written, “For you are a holy nation unto the Lord your God.”
114) “All of man’s labor is for his mouth.” I observed the words of King Solomon, and they are all gripped in sublime wisdom. And the verse, “All of man’s labor is for his mouth” means that when a person is judged in that world, it is written that every judgment and every suffering in that world, when he suffers the vengeance of the world, all that is to his mouth. This is because he did not watch over his mouth, and defiled his soul and did not cling to the side of life, the right side. “…and yet the appetite is not satisfied,” meaning her judgment will never ever be completed. Another interpretation: “…and yet the appetite is not satisfied,” meaning she will never be completed to rise to her place, since she has been defiled and clung unto the other side.
115) Anyone who is defiled in them is as though he is idol worshipping, which is abomination to the Lord. And it is written, “You shall not eat any abominable thing.” One who idol worships parts from the side of life, exits the domain of holiness and enters another domain. Similarly, one who is defiled with these foods departs the side of life, exits the domain of holiness, and enters another domain. Moreover, he is defiled in this world and in the next. This is why “…that you should be defiled by them” is written without the letter Aleph.
116) It is written, “And you shall not make yourselves detestable by animal or by bird or by anything that creeps on the ground, which I have separated for you as unclean.” What is, “as unclean”? It is to defile the idol worshipping nations, for they are impure and they come from the side of impurity, and each clings to its place. Israel—to those who come from the side of holiness, and the idol worshipping nations—to those who come from the side of impurity.
117) The Creator is destined to purify Israel. With what will He purify them? With what is written, “And I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and you shall be pure.” These are the waters of mercy, which clothe and include the illumination of the left, from which the purity comes. And since they are purified, they are sanctified, for they cling to the sanctity of ZA, which has the Mochin of AVI, called, “holiness.” And Israel, who cling to the Creator, are called, “holiness,” as it is written, “Israel is the Lord’s sacred portion, the first of His harvest.” It is also written, “And you shall be holy men unto Me.” Happy are Israel, for the Creator says about them, “You shall be holy, for I am holy,” since it is written, “and to Him shall you cling,” and, “He has not dealt so with any nation; and as for His ordinances, they have not known them, halleluiah.”
Fish and Grasshoppers Do Not Require Slaughtering
118) Fish and grasshoppers do not require slaughtering. Rather, collecting them is what permits them. Such are the heads of the seminary; they do not require slaughtering when they die, as with the rest of the people, who are slaughtered by the sword of the angel of death. Rather, it is said about them, “and was gathered unto his people.” They are gathered without slaughtering, which turns a man into a corpse.
As the fish live in the sea, the disciples of the wise, authors of the Mishnah, live in the Torah. If they are separated from the Torah, they die at once. The Tannaim of the Mishnah are grown in the Torah, like the fish of the sea are in the sea. And if those that are on land go into the water and do not know how to float, they die. But a man who is an author of Kabbalah is above them all. It is said of him, “and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air.” Those are the authors of the Mishnah.
119) The authors of the Mishnah are the great sea-monster, the Bariach [“Boa,” but also “bar”] serpent, after the “middle Bariach in the midst of the boards,” which is Tifferet. And when there is a dispute between the sea monsters, there is dispute among the authors of the Mishnah, and they ask one another, and one swallows the other. If it is a small disciple, who has not achieved teaching and instruction, he must die. And if they are equal and dispute, it is finally said about them, “Vaheb in Suphah,” and we explained, Ahava be sofa [love in the end].
Shmini – On the Eighth Day