The Jewishness of Jesus: Some Religious Implications For Gentile Christians By Jewish Christian


The Jewishness of Jesus: Some Religious Implications For Gentile Christians By Jewish Christian

The one whom Christians cliam is the foundation, the cornerstone of their religion is Jesus or Yeshua, as he was really called, which was a popular variant of Joshua – meaning “the L-rd is salvation.” It is interesting to note that Jesus was himself not a Christian. He in fact was a Jew. He did not go to Mass, or indeed any worship service, on Sunday morning. He went to services on the Sabbath. He did not go to church. He went to synagogue. He did not speak Greek, Latin, Church Slavonic, German, or English. He spoke Hebrew and Aramaic – two semitic languages. He had a Jewish mother, which means he probably looked a lot like other Jews, i.e., dark hair and complexion, perhaps with a so-called Roman nose, not too large in stature. No one addressed him as Father, Paster, Reverend, or Minister. But he was addressed as Rabbi. He did not read the New Testament, nor did he think it the inspired word of G-d. He did read the Hebrew Bible and thought it the Holy Scriptures. He never recited the Rosary, chanted Hospodi pomilui at a litany, nor sang a Wesleyan hymn. Rather, he recited the psalms; he died with one on his lips: “Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani?” (My G-d, my G-d, why have you abandoned me?) He did not celebrate Christmas and Easter. He celebrated Shavout and Passover – not communion, but a Seder. To repeat, Jesus was not a Christian. He was a Jew. He was Rabbi Yeshua. 

Rabbi Yeshua was not a mediocre, run-of-the-mill, secularized Jew. He was a very observant Jew. He wore tzitzit (the dancing fringes seen on observant Jew today) – recall the story of the woman with the twelve-year flow of blood who but touched the fringe of his clothes. What is really important to remember is that, whatever Luther or any other Protestant interpreter of Paul – or Paul himself – said, Rabbi Yeshua did not ocme to dispense with or do away with the Torah, the Law. He came to carry it out. One Orthodox Israeli scholar, Pinchas Lapide, said of Yeshua:

“never and nowhere broke the Law of Moses, the Torah of Moses, nor did he in any way provoke its infringement – it is entirely false to say that he did… This Jesus was a faithful to the Law as I would hope to be. I even suspect that Jesus was more faithful to the Law than I am – and I am an Orthodox Jew.” – (Pinchas Lapid and Hans Kung, “Is Jesus a Bond or Barrier? A Jewish-Christian dialogue,” [summer, 1977] 473)

Jesus, Yeshua himself makes the claim about keeping the Law, the Torah – until the end of the world. There is no notion whasover of the abolishment of the Law in his words – and it should be remembered that they are recorded by Matthew: “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the prophets; I came not to destroy but to carry out” (plerosai, literally, to implement; Mt.5:17-19). Another Israeli Orthodox Jewish scholar put it this way: “Yeshua was “a Torah-true Jew” (David Flusser, Jesus in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten (Reinbeck, 1968), p.43). A Jewish professor of Rabbinics at Cambridge University stated the same idea thus: “Nor can I accept that Jesus’ purpose was to do away with Judaism as he found it. He had his criticisms, to be sure, but he wanted to perfect the Law of Moses, not annul it. The Christian hostility to this law strikes me as a betrayal of Jesus’ teaching” (Nicholas de Lange, “Who is Jesus?” Sidic, vol.12, no.3 [1979], p.12). The scholar of Judaistics, Johann Maier, made the same point: “There is no evidence that Jesus had intended a suspension of the Torah. Rather, he was perceived as so devout that the Pharisees displayed an even positive interest in him and viewed him as worthy or travelling around with. Likewise, the Jewish-Christian community saw no reason to give up the Torah either in theory or practice… In no individual concrete case – neither in relation to the Sabbath healing, nor in ritual practice, nor in the question of divorce – is there a fundamental conflict with “the Law” (Johann Maier, “Jesus von Nazareth und sein Verhaltnis zum Judentum aus der Sicht eines Judaisten,” 1980, pg.95). 

It should be clear upon the briefest reflection that those Christians who attempt to set up some sort of dichotomy between the Law and grace, as if Judaism were a religion only of Law and Christianity were a religion only of grace – whaever they might be – in this regard are not followers of Jesus, of Rabbi Yeshua. He at any rate was committed to the keeping of the Law, the Torah, “as long as heaven and earth last!” and “whoever breaks even the smallest of the commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be the least in the Reign of Heaven.”

A Jewish Parent Versus Child Relationships


Judaism commands us to respect our mothers and fathers.
As with other human relationships, Jewish parents and their children (both adult and minor) are, in traditional Judaism, bound to each other by a series of commanded responsibilities and sacred practices. Most societies emphasize reverence for parents; post-biblical Judaism appears to have gone further than its contemporaries in mandating that parents provide for their children with very specific preparations for the future. Furthermore, Judaism sees parents and offspring as bound to each other not only for practical or humanistic reasons, but also as a way of honoring God.

Parenting in the Torah

The Torah includes numerous mitzvot regarding parent-child interaction. Fathers must circumcise sons on their eighth day of life (Genesis 17:10-14). Parents may not sacrifice their children, neither to a foreign deity (Leviticus 20:1) nor to God. Incest is strictly forbidden (Leviticus 18:6-7). Parents are responsible for educating their children (Deuteronomy 11:19). First-born sons must be redeemed from the priesthood (Exodus 13:2,13). Insults to parents are subject to grave punishment (Leviticus 20:9).

Honoring parents (kibbud av va’em) is among the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:12, Deuteronomy 5:16); the requirement to show them reverence appears in Leviticus (19:1-3). The language of these two commandments provides motivations for their observance. The wording in Exodus (nearly identical in Deuteronomy) states that one who honors parents will lengthen one’s life and continue one’s link to the land of Israel: “Honor your father and your mother so that your days will be lengthened on the land Adonai your God gave to you.” The motivation here is one of a promised reward.

In Leviticus, we find that reverence is part of participating in God’s holy plan: “And Adonai spoke to Moses, saying: ‘Speak to all the community of the Children of Israel, and say to them — ‘You shall be holy, for I, the Lord your God, am holy. A man shall revere his mother and his father and observe my Sabbaths; I am Adonai your God.’ ”

These laws generated much discussion among the rabbis of the Mishnah and Talmud. Much of their wisdom is found in the Talmud ic tractate Kiddushin, surrounding the following teaching:

All the mitzvot of the son [incumbent] upon the father–men are obligated and women are exempt. And all the mitzvot of the father [incumbent] upon the son–both men and women are obligated. (Mishnah Kiddushin 1:7, Babylonian Talmud Kiddushin 29a)

The ensuing discussion (continuing in the Talmud until 32a) contains definitions of these two categories, explanations of their gender distinctions (e.g.mothers cannot be obligated to do for sons mitzvot that they are not commanded to do themselves), biblical derivations, stories and role-models regarding performance of the commandments. Fathers are obligated to circumcise, redeem, teach Torah to, acquire a wife for, and teach a craft to sons.

Both sons and daughters must honor mothers and fathers by providing them with food and drink, clothing and covering them, and providing for their mobility. Children show reverence by not standing or sitting in a parent’s place, contradicting his/her words, or opposing a parent in a dispute.

Spiritual Aspects of Parenthood

Along with these practical concerns, we also are provided a deeply spiritual understanding of the bond between child and parent. After connecting biblical verses pertaining to honor of parents and honor of God, the Talmudic sages offer the following statement: “There are three partners in a person–the Holy One of Blessing, one’s father, and one’s mother. The Holy One of Blessing said [to the ones who honor their parents], ‘I rest over them as if I dwelled among them and they honored me.’ ” Parents are seen as partners in God’s creation of each human being; therefore, to honor one’s parents is to honor God. Similarly, to display disregard, disrespect, or violence toward one’s parents is to do so to God.

The place of parent as God’s representative is further emphasized through the mitzvah to teach one’s children Torah — God’s word. Adoptive, step- and foster parents are included in this sacred relationship — “He who brings up a child is to be called its father, not he who gave birth” (Shemot Rabbah 46:5 and elsewhere) — although the mutual legal obligations are not, strictly speaking, identical. Parents offering the traditional Friday night blessing to their children do so as God’s emissaries.

The Incredible Power Of The Hebrew Alphabet


In various places throughout the teachings of the Golden Dawn, it is stated emphatically that the Hebrew letters are magical symbols. For this reason, each student should learn how to form them and write them. Good calligraphy was often absent in the old Order, for I have seen manuscripts that go back a long way, in which the Hebrew letters are atrociously formed. If there is any magic in such an alphabet, the intent is defeated by deformed and ill-formed letters.

The student should make a point of learning in some way to write, print or letter these alphabets correctly. A good calligraphic pen, producing thick and thin lines is an absolute essential. A quill must have originally been used centuries ago, but the lettering pens of today are so much superior. If you don’t know how to go about it, it might be the easiest thing to enquire at a local university where Semitic languages are taught to be put in touch with a senior student who can then show you how to write the letters. Failing this, contact a local synagogue.

They will not harm you, cook you, or try to convert you. They may be curious as to why you want to know such a feat, but you can make up a half a dozen explanations to account for that – including the truth, that you are studying the Qabalah. They may know less about that than you, but at least they may be able to teach you how to write the letters correctly and that is half the battle won. I n the Zohar there is a pretty legend, rather long-winded but eloquent, about each letter of the alphabet, and how B, the second letter of the alphabet, came to be used as the first letter of the first word of the Bible – Berashith meaning In the Beginning.

There are two main translations of the Zohar that you could make use of, depending on which one you may have access to. Some of the libraries may have the translation of Simon and Sperling; others may have the shorter but earlier version of Nurho de Manhar. (Wizard Book Shelf, San Diego, CA. 1978). Regardless of whose translation you use, read or study the account of each letter appearing before God imploring Him to use that particular letter for the first word of Genesis. It is interesting reading, full of symbolism of one kind or another, and may throw a great deal of light for you on the motives for Mathers’ statement that Hebrew letters are magical symbols and as such must be treated with respect and honor.

“Rabbi Chananya spake, and said: Before creation began, the alphabetical letters were in reversed order; thus the two first words in the Book of Genesis, Berashith, bara, begin with B; the next two, Alhim, ath, with A. Why did it not commence with A, the first letter?

The reason of this inversion is as follows: For two thousand years before the creation of the world the letters were concealed and hidden, being objects of divine pleasure and delight.

“When the Divine Being, however, willed to create the world, all the letters appeared before His presence in their reverse order.

The first ascended and said: Lord of the Universe! let it please Thee to create the world by me, as I am the final letter of the word Emeth - (truth), which is graven on Thy signet ring. Thou Thyself art called Emeth, and therefore it will become Thee, the great King, to begin and create the world by me: Said the Holy One (blessed by He):Thou, oh, Tav, are indeed worthy, but I cannot create the world by thee; for thou art destined to be not only the characteristic emblem borne by faithful students of the law, from beginning to end, but also the associate of Maveth (death), of which thou art the final letter.

Therefore the creation of the world cannot, must not, be through thee.’

 “After Tav had disappeared, Sh ascended and said: I pray Thee, Lord of the Universe, as bearing Thy great name Shaddai (almighty), to create the world by me, by the holy name that becometh Thee only.' Said the Holy One:Thou art truly, o Shin, worthy, pure and true; but letters that go to form lying and falsehood will associate themselves with thee. viz.: Koph (Q) and Resh (R), and with thee will make up SheQeR (a lie), Falsehood, in order that it may be received and credited, come first with the appearance of truth (Sh), which thou representest, and for this reason I will not create the world by thee.’ So Shin departed and Q and R, having heard these words, dared not present themselves before the divine presence.

 ” T Z then went before Him, saying: Because I mark the Zaddikim (the righteous), and Thou Thyself hearest me in Thy name, Zaddik (righteous), and also it is written, The righteous Lord loveth righteousness, it will become Thee to create the world by me.' Then said the Holy One:Zaddi, Zaddi, thou art truly righteous, but thou must keep thyself concealed, and thy occult meaning must not be made known or b:,:;ome revealed; and therefore thou must not be used in the creation of the world. Thy original form was a rod, symbol of the male principle, surmounted by Yod, a letter of the holy Name, and also of the Holy Covenant, and emblem of the male principle. (By this, reference is made to the first man, who was androgynous, with faces turning one to the right, the other to the left, as symbolized in the figure of Zaddi in the Hebrew alphabet). But the time will come that thou shall be divided, and thy faces shall then be turned to each other.’

“Zaddi then departed, and P ascended and said: 1 am the beginning of the salvation (Peragna) and deliverance (Peduth) thou will execute in the world. It will be fitting to create it by me."Thou art worthy,' replied the Holy One,but thou also givest rise to Evil (Peshang), and in thy form resemblest those animals who walk with drooping heads, like wicked men who go about with bowed heads and extended hands. I will not, therefore, create the world by thee.’

” T o the letter Ayin, the initial of the word Avon (iniquity), though it claimed the origination of Anaya (Modesty), the Holy One said: `I shall not create the world by thee.’ And forthwith Ayin departed.

“S then went and pleaded: 1 am near (Samech) to the fallen ones, as it is written: The Lord upholdeth (soumekh) all them that fall. Thou must return, Samech, to thy place,' was the reply of the Holy One, and must not leave it; for if thou dost, what will become of the fallen, who will need and look to thee for aid and support?' Samech forthwith returned, and was followed by N, who said:Oh thou Holy One! that Thou mayest be venerated in praises (Nura tehillim), and also because the praise of the righteous will be a Nava (delight), let it please Thee to create the world by me.’ To whom He replied: `Nun, return thou to thy place with the fallen (Nephelim), for whose sake Samech hath gone back to her place, and lean for support upon her.’

“M then followed after, saying: Thou wilt by me be called Malech (king)."Truly so,'said He,but I will not, for all that, create the world by thee. Go back at once to thy place with thy companion letters, L and CH; for there must be a King, and for the world to be without one would not be seemly. At that moment CH descended from off the throne of light and splendor, exclaiming; I am thy glory, create the world by me.' As it stood trembling with excitement before the Holy One, two hundred thousand worlds together with the throne itself were seized with a sudden tremor and seemed ready to fall.Caph, Caph!’ cried the Holy One, `what hast thou done? I will not create the world by thee, for thou beginnest Chala (ruin, loss). Return at once to thy place on the throne of glory and abide there!’ Then Caph retired and went back to its place.

 ” Y next appeared and claimed that being the initial letter in the divine name YHVH, it was the best for the work of creation. But the Holy One replied: `Let it suffice thee to be what THE COMPLETE GOLDEN DAWN SYSTEM OF MAGIC 28 thou art, chief letter in my name and foremost in all my designs, thou must remain where and as thou art!’

Then came T and spake before the Eternal One: Create the world by me, for in me alone is thy goodness (Tobh) and uprightness, for attributes of Thee."I will not, Oh Teth,'replied the Holy One,use thee in the creation of the world, because the goodness within thee is hidden and concealed from sight as it is written, How great is Thy goodness which Thou hidest from them that fear Thee.' Seeing thou wilt remain invisible to the world I am about to create, and furthermore because of the goodness hidden within thee, the gates of the temple will sink into the earth as it is written,Her gates are sunk into the ground,’ and besides all this, thou with thy comrade the letter Cheth (CH) composed sin. Therefore, these letters will never enter in the names of the twelve holy tribes. On hearing these words Ch went not before the Holy One, but returned at once to its place.

 “Z then went up and urged its claim, saying: Thy children will through me keep the Sabbath, as it is written: Remember (Zecor) the Sabbath to keep it holy. Thou, Oh Zain,' replied the Holy one,art of too warlike a form, resembling as thou dost a spear. I cannot use thee in the creation of the world.’

When Z heard this decision, like N it retired and gave place to V, who said: I am a letter in thy Holy name.' The Eternal One answered and said,remain contented, Oh V that together with H you are in the great name. I shall not choose you by whom to create the world.’

” D . accompanied by G, went before the Divine Presence. To them it was said, `Let it suffice you, that so long as you are conjoined and associated, there will always be the poor on the earth who will need succor and help. Daleth (D) – poverty and Gimel (G) – help or the benefactor. Therefore both of you keep together, the one helping the other.'(In the Hebrew alphabet G and D are successive letters).

“Then came B and said : Create the world by me, because I am the initial letter of Beracha (blessing) and through me all will bless thee, both in the world above as in the world below. "Truly, Oh B,' said the Holy One,I will surely create the world by thee only.’

“Hearing these words, A remained in its place and went not into the Divine Presence, who therefore exclaimed Aleph (A) Aleph! why comest thou not before me as all the other letters'?' Then replied A:Lord and sovereign of the universe, it is because I have observed that (B excepted) they have returned as they went, without success. Why therefore, should I come before thee, since thou hast already given B the great and precious gift we all of us craved and desired. Moreover, it becometh not the monarch of the universe to withdraw and take back his presents from one subject and give them to another.’ To these words, the Holy One responded: `Aleph, Aleph! Thou shalt be the first of all letters and my unity shall be symbolized only by thee. In all conceptions and ideas human or divine, in every act and deed begun, carried on and completed, in all of them shalt thou be the first, the beginning.’

“Therefore did the Holy One make the letters of the celestial alphabet, capitals, and those of the earthly, small, each corresponding to one another. Therefore also the Book of Genesis begins with two words whose initials are B, viz/ : Berashith Bara (in the beginning VOLUME ONE 29 created) followed by two others, whose initials are A, viz.,Alhim ath (God, the substance of) to show that the letters of these alphabets celestial and earthly are one and the same by which every creature and thing in the universe has been formed and produced.”

An Early Jewish Christianity By Jews and Paul-Shaul From Tarsus


Stop thinking of the “Jewish Synagogue” as the model for Paul’s churches.We must remember that first-century Jews were Judeans. Interpreters should not, in principle, segregate Judeans from Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, and so on by creating something suspiciously like a modern religion called Judaism. Even Jews who lived permanently in Rome or Alexandria were Judeans living outside of their traditional homeland and therefore similar to Syrians, Greeks, or Egyptians who lived abroad. 

Judean worship was similar to the worship of other gods

Before 70 C.E. Jewish worship, even in the Diaspora, was centrally focussed on the temple in Jerusalem. The great temple festivals, tabernacles, pentecost, passover, were celebrated by Judeans throughout the empire. These were agricultural festivals that celebrated the gifts of produce and livestock that God gave his people, of success in trading and in acquiring the blessings of children.

Temple time with its agriculturally oriented calendar shaped the calendar of the Jews (sic) in general. Pilgrimage to Jerusalem for the festivals and sacrifices was a major feature of the period. Many Judeans of the Diaspora directly participated in the temple cultus sometime during their lives. The temple tax that supported the daily sacrifices in the temple and the first fruit offerings that signified the ancient pattern of reciprocity and divine giving of productivity were among the major yearly efforts of Diaspora communities. 

What of the place of the scriptures? It is generally agreed that the reading of scriptures was a very important for the religious life of Judeans.

The Torah, Prophets, and Psalms are . . . absolutely dominated by the centrality of the temple, priesthood and cult. The epics and myths of Judeans were about land, people, and socio-economic reciprocity with God and other Judeans. . . For Judeans, unlike for Christians, to study scripture was to be oriented toward an actual temple, a place where reciprocity with the divine was enacted in the imagined exchange of produce from the land and shop, womb and market. 

Judean religion was focused on the idea of reciprocal exchange with God. God blessed his people; his people offered sacrifices and gifts and communal worship in return. And the temple was the focus of this exchange. The religion of a Judean living 500 miles from Jerusalem differed little in principle from the one living 20 miles away.

Other cultural groups, those from places other than Judea, throughout the empire, recognized these Judean religious customs as counterparts to their own.

The dominant activities of the temple were sacrificial offerings of grain and animal products. Judeans shared these practices with Greeks, Romans, and most peoples of the Mediterranean world. Josephus proudly proclaims that Judeans share the practices of sacrificing domestic animals with “all the rest of humanity” (Ag. Ap., 2.137). (p. 85, my bolding)

Pauline Christianity did not look like a typical religion

— Paul has no altar to Hephaestus in his shop

— and he does not belong to an association of leather workers with a calendar of sacrificial feasts.

— He does not tell myths about how God or the gods gave human crafts, land, and agricultural skills so that they could possess the goods of human life.

— Nor does he instruct members of his churches to collect first fruits and tithes for the temple in Jerusalem.

— He tells those who have business dealings to act as if they were of no importance (1 Cor 7:30-31).

— He does not see his work as a source of goods for supporting a valued way of life organized as a household, but as an instrument to aid his work in teaching others the Christ myth (1 Cor 9:1-27; 4:11-13; 1 Thess 2:9).” 

Early Christian groups did not look anything like the above religious communities. They lacked temples ties to land animal and other types of sacrifice agricultural festivals or festivals for other types of productivity.

They also lacked rituals and other practices related to intergenerational continuity, not having rituals for birth and death sacrificial practices related to purification from birth and death pollution sacred spaces, i.e. altars, so that purity and pollution became moral metaphors nothing like circumcision no marriage rituals or sacrifices (Paul did not even encourage marriage!)

All that is missing here constituted the heart of ancient religion.

Such practices contributed towards ethnic identification. Earliest Christianity did not emulate contemporary religious praxis. Paul’s Christians organized themselves differently.So did the followers of Hellenistic philosophies.

The Jewish Priests Ready For Biblical Status Confirmed By DNA And Prepared for Third Temple

“But the Kohanim the Leviim the sons of Tzadok that kept the charge of My sanctuary when the children of Yisrael went astray from Me they shall come near to Me to minister unto Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer unto Me the fat and the blood saith the Lord GOD.” Ezekiel 44:15 (The Israel Bible™)

The priests (Kohanim) gather in the Holy Temple with the High Priest (screenshot)

In a powerful blend of science and religion, a rabbi has turned to genetics to reinstate the priesthood for the Third Temple. This rabbi believes that science has proven that the priesthood is exactly as the Bible described: An eternal covenant that will reappear to herald in the Third Temple.

“Genetics connects modern Judaism to the Bible, confirming 3,000 years of Jewish tradition,” explained Rabbi Yaakov Kleiman to Breaking Israel News. “This is an amazing testament to God’s covenant and the Jewish People. Despite more than 2,000 years of exile we have maintained our religion, our customs, our Torah, and our genetic identity.”

Manifesting prophecy is Rabbi Kleiman’s daily work. He opened the Center for Kohanim in Jerusalem nine years ago as a practical endeavor, and has authored a book on DNA evidence of the priesthood. Kohanim, or priests, are Jewish men believed to be descendants of Aaron, the first high priest of Israel. The Temple service may only be performed by kohanim.

In his effort to designate priestly candidates, Rabbi Kleiman has turned to genetics as an aid. This tools first became available 20 years ago when genetic researchers in Haifa discovered a Y chromosome, a genetic marker passed from father to son, that indicated a common ancestry for Jewish men whose family traditions hold that they are descended from the Biblical priestly class.

Rabbi Kleiman is using this science for a purpose the researchers probably had not envisioned: to help prepare for the Third Temple.

“According to prophecy, there will be a Third Temple, and when there is, we will need to identify the priests,” Rabbi Kleiman explained to Breaking Israel News. “Kohanim are the manpower of the Temple. Without them, it is an empty building.”

But the Kohanim the Leviim the sons of Tzadok that kept the charge of My sanctuary when the children of Yisrael went astray from Me they shall come near to Me to minister unto Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer unto Me the fat and the blood saith the Lord GOD. Ezekiel 44:15

As a kohen himself, Rabbi Kleiman has a personal interest in the work. He is essentially tracing his own family tree back 106 generations. For him and other kohanim, the results have prophetic implications.

The rabbi noted that this genetic phenomenon represents scientific proof of the most long-lasting unbroken tradition known to modern man. He attributes this to the eternal aspect of the priestly covenant described in the Bible.

“This scientific proof is an affirmation that, as the Torah said, the priestly covenant would be eternal,” the rabbi said, citing the Book of Numbers.

And it shall be unto him, and to his seed after him, the covenant of an everlasting priesthood. Numbers 25:13

Priests are a subset of the Tribe of Levi, but this genetic tool has proven ineffective in identifying the Levites, who also have a role in the Temple.

“Levi is the same concept and you would expect the same genetic markers but there is not the same percentage of the J group, the genetic marker showing that Jews originated in the Middle East. This indicated that the tradition of being a Levi is not as strong as that of kohanim,” Rabbi Kleiman explained.


Kohanim perform the priestly blessing on Sukkot. (Flash90)

He speculated that the rituals and the stringencies connected with being a kohen strengthened the tradition. Kohanim are forbidden from marrying converts or divorcees. Also, the public nature and honor associated with giving the priestly blessing in synagogue make identifying kohanim a significant part of the Jewish community.

Similarly, genetics has been unable to find markers for the individual tribes of Israel.

Though “Jews have genetic markers that show that they are from the Middle East,” Rabbi Kleiman explained, “There were many different nations living in the region. Even if we can show a common ancestry with Abraham, he had two sons. We can show a common ancestry but are unable to find markers for specific tribal haplotypes (genes passed from father to son).”

The rabbi noted that genetics will not have the final word. According to Jewish tradition, Elijah the prophet will appear before the Messiah to clarify precisely this issue: who is a priest and who is not, and the tribe to which each Jew belongs.

Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of Hashem. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children and the heart of the children to their fathers; lest I come and smite the land with utter destruction. Malachi 3:23

Nonetheless, the rabbi does not feel that this final clarification will render his work futile. He hopes that when Elijah arrives, the genetically verified kohanim will already be hard at work in the Third Temple.

“When Elijah arrives, If he wants the DNA information, we will be happy to give it to him,” Rabbi Kleiman joked. “But he will probably be making his determinations based on a higher source.”

What Do Jews Believe About Jesus?

How Judaism regards the man Christians revere as the messiah.
Jesus is the central figure of Christianity, believed by Christians to be the messiah, the son of God.

But what do Jews believe about Jesus? For some Jews, the name alone is nearly synonymous with pogroms and Crusades, charges of deicide and centuries of Christian anti-Semitism. Other Jews, recently, have come to regard him as a Jewish teacher. This does not mean, however, that they believe, as Christians do, that he was raised from the dead or was the messiah.

While many now regard Jesus as the founder of Christianity, he did not intend to establish a new religion, at least according to the earliest sources, and he never used the term “Christian.” He was born and lived as a Jew, and his earliest followers were Jews as well. Christianity emerged as a separate religion only in the centuries after Jesus’ death.

Who Was Jesus?

Virtually all of what is known about the historical Jesus comes from the four New Testament Gospels — Matthew, Mark, Luke and John — which scholars believe were written several decades after Jesus’ death.

While there is no archaeological or other physical evidence for his existence, most scholars agree that Jesus did exist and that he was born sometime in the decade before the Common Era and crucified sometime between 26-36 CE (the years when the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, ruled Judea).

He lived at a time when the Roman Empire ruled what is now Israel and sectarianism was rife, with major tensions among Jews not only over how much to cooperate with the Romans but also how to interpret Torah . It was also, for some, a restive time when displeasure with Roman policies, as well as with the Temple high priests, bred hopes for a messianic redeemer who would throw off the foreign occupiers and restore Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.


Illustration depicting Jesus, with apostles fishing in the Sea of Galilee. (From “At Home’ by Grace Stebbing, published by John F Shaw & Co)Illustration depicting Jesus fishing in the Sea of Galilee with some of his followers. (From “At Home’ by Grace Stebbing, published by John F Shaw & Co)

Was Jesus the Messiah?

The question “was Jesus the messiah?” requires a prior question: “What is the definition of messiah?” The Prophets (Nevi’im), who wrote hundreds of years before Jesus’ birth, envisioned a messianic age as as a period of universal peace, in which war and hunger are eradicated, and humanity accepts God’s sovereignty. By the first century, the view developed that the messianic age would witness a general resurrection of the dead, the in-gathering of all the Jews, including the 10 lost tribes, to the land of Israel, a final judgment and universal peace.

Some Jews expected the messiah to be a descendant of King David (based on an interpretation of God’s promise to David in 2 Samuel 7 of an eternal kingdom). The Dead Sea Scrolls speak of two messiahs: one a military leader and the other a priest. Still other Jews expected the prophet Elijah, or the angel Michael, or Enoch, or any number of other figures to usher in the messianic age.

Stories in the Gospels about Jesus healing the sick, raising the dead, and proclaiming the imminence of the kingdom of heaven suggest that his followers regarded him as appointed by God to bring about the messianic age.

More than 1,000 years after Jesus’ crucifixion, the medieval sage Maimonides (also known as Rambam) laid out in his Mishneh Torah specific things Jews believe the messiah must accomplish in order to confirm his identity — among them restoring the kingdom of David to its former glory, achieving victory in battle against Israel’s enemies, rebuilding the temple (which the Romans destroyed in 70 CE) and ingathering the exiles to the land of Israel. “And if he’s not successful with this, or if he is killed, it’s known that he is not the one that was promised by the Torah,” Maimonides wrote.

What About Jews for Jesus?

Jews for Jesus is one branch of a wider movement called Messianic Jews. Members of this movement are not accepted as Jewish by the broader Jewish community, even though some adherents may have been born Jewish and their ritual life includes Jewish practices. While an individual Jew could accept Jesus as the messiah and technically remain Jewish — rejection of any core Jewish belief or practice does not negate one’s Jewishness — the beliefs of messianic Jews are theologically incompatible with Judaism.

Did the Jews Kill Jesus?

No. Jesus was executed by the Romans. Crucifixion was a Roman form of execution, not a Jewish one.

For most of Christian history, Jews were held responsible for the death of Jesus. This is because the New Testament tends to place the blame specifically on the Temple leadership and more generally on Jewish people. According to the Gospels, the Roman governor Pontius Pilate was reluctant to execute Jesus but was egged on by bloodthirsty Jews — a scene famously captured in Mel Gibson’s controversial 2004 film “The Passion of the Christ.” According to the Gospel of Matthew, after Pilate washes his hands and declares himself innocent of Jesus’ death, “all the people” (i.e., all the Jews in Jerusalem) respond, “His blood be on us and on our children” (Matthew 27:25).

This “blood cry” and other verses were used to justify centuries of Christian prejudice against Jews. In 1965, the Vatican promulgated a document called “Nostra Aetate” (Latin for “In Our Time”) which stated that Jews in general should not be held responsible for the death of Jesus. This text paved the way for a historic rapprochement between Jews and Catholics. Several Protestant denominations across the globe subsequently adopted similar statements.


A mosaic in Jerusalem’s Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ascension depicting Jesus’ crucifixion. (iStock)A mosaic in Jerusalem’s Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ascension depicting Jesus’ crucifixion. (iStock)

Why Was Jesus Killed?

Some have suggested that Jesus was a political rebel who sought the restoration of Jewish sovereignty and was executed by the Romans for sedition — an argument put forth in two recent works: Reza Aslan’s Zealot and Shmuley Boteach’s Kosher Jesus. However, this thesis is not widely accepted by New Testament scholars. Had Rome regarded Jesus as the leader of a band of revolutionaries, it would have rounded up his followers as well. Nor is there any evidence in the New Testament to suggest that Jesus and his followers were zealots interested in an armed rebellion against Rome. More likely is the hypothesis that Romans viewed Jesus as a threat to the peace and killed him because he was gaining adherents who saw him as a messianic figure.

Did Jesus Reject Judaism?

Some have interpreted certain verses in the Gospels as rejections of Jewish belief and practice. In the Gospel of Mark, for example, Jesus is said to have declared forbidden foods “clean” — a verse commonly understood as a rejection of kosher dietary laws — but this is Mark’s extrapolation and not necessarily Jesus’ intention. Jesus and his earliest Jewish followers continued to follow Jewish law.

The New Testament also include numerous verses testifying to Jesus as equal to God and as divine — a belief hard to reconcile with Judaism’s insistence on God’s oneness. However, some Jews at the time found the idea that the divine could take on human form compatible with their tradition. Others might have regarded Jesus as an angel, such as the “Angel of the Lord” who appears in Genesis 16, Genesis 22, Exodus 3 (in the burning bush) and elsewhere.

Are There Jewish Texts that Reference Jesus?

Yes. The first-century Jewish historian Josephus mentions Jesus, although the major reference in his Antiquities of the Jews appears to have been edited and augmented by Christian scribes. There are a few references in the Talmud to “Yeshu,” which many authorities understand as referring to Jesus.

The Talmud tractate Sanhedrin originally recorded that Yeshu the Nazarene was hung on the eve of Passover for the crime of leading Jews astray. This reference was excised from later versions of the Talmud, most likely because of its use by Christians as a pretext for persecution.

In the medieval period, a work called Toledot Yeshu presented an alternative history of Jesus that rejects cardinal Christian beliefs. The work, which is not part of the canon of rabbinic literature, is not widely known.

Maimonides, in his Mishneh Torah, describes Jesus as the failed messiah foreseen by the prophet Daniel. Rather than redeeming Israel, Maimonides writes, Jesus caused Jews to be killed and exiled, changed the Torah and led the world to worship a false God.

**70 Year** Time Period In Bible Prophecy** 


It is interesting to note that the Kings of Israel ruled 490 Years or 70 YEARS times 7 years, which was immediately followed by a 70 YEAR exile of the Jews, which was then immediately followed by the amazing 70 YEAR times 7 year Prophecy in Daniel 9:24-27; which will end with the 2nd coming of Jesus and EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS on the Last Day Of the 70TH 7!!

Also in the prophecy of the 70 YEARS times 7 years it states in Daniel 7:26 “The people of the {Roman} ruler who will come will destroy the city {Jerusalem} and the Sanctuary.” This prophecy was fulfilled and the Jews exiled again in AD 70 until the rebirth of Israel at midnight, May 14th, 1948!! The 70 YEAR Anniversary of the rebirth of Israel will take place at midnight on MAY 14TH, 2018??

Daniel 9:24-27: Seventy “sevens” {70 YEARS times 7 or 490 years} are decreed for your people and your holy city to ANOINT THE MOST HOLY {After 483 Years}, to ATONE FOR WICKEDNESS {After 486 1/2 years} and to bring in EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS {On the Last Day of the Last 1260-day Tribulation or 490 total years}…From the issuing of the decree {By King Cyrus–See Isaiah 44:28} until the Anointed One comes {On October 5th AD 29}, there will be 62 7’s and 7 7’s {Or 69 7’s or 483 years}… Then {3 1/2 years or 1278 days later} the Anointed One will be cut off…He will confirm a Covenant with many for one 7 {Or the Last 7 years}. In the middle of the ‘seven’ {After 3 1/2 years} He {The Anointed One} will put an END TO SACRIFICES and offering.{On April 3-5 AD 33} {And then after a long pause} He will set up an abomination that causes desolation {666} for 42 months, until the decreed end is poured out on him at the 2nd Coming of Jesus {As per Rev 19:19,20 and 2 Thess 2:8} Which will bring in EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS on the Last Day of the 70 YEARS times 7 Prophecy!

Luke 3:21,22: When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was baptized too. And as He was praying, heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended on Him {ANOINTING} in bodily form like a dove. And a Voice came from heaven, “You are My Son, whom I love, with You I am well pleased!”

Matthew 18::21,22: Peter asked Jesus, “How many times shall I forgive my brother when he sins against me?” Jesus answered, “I tell you, not 7 times, but 70 times 7 times!” {See NIV footnote}

The letters in C-H-R-I-S-T adds up to 77 or 70 + 7 C=3 H=8 R=18 I=9 S=19 T=20 and 3+8+16+9+19+20 = 77 ot 70 + 7!!

According to the genealogy of CHRIST {70 + 7} in Luke 3: 23-37 CHRIST {70+ 7} is the 76th Son of Adam and the 77TH or 70 + 7TH Son of God.
Jesus is called the Son of David 17 times and David lived exactly 70 YEARS as per 2 Samuel 5:4.

Isaiah 23:15: 70 YEARS, the span of a king’s life.

Psalm 90:10: Lord, you have been our dwelling place throughout ALL GENERATIONS…The length of our days is 70 YEARS–or EIGHTY, if we have the strength!

THE GENERATION OF THE NEW BIRTH OF ISRAEL BEGAN ON MAY 14TH, 1948 AND THE **70TH GENERATION ANNIVERSARY WILL BE ON MAY 14TH, 2018!!

The prophecies concerning the Jews before the 1260- Day Great Tribulation are the LEAVES of the FIG TREE which is Israel, But the FIG TREE will not bear FRUIT until one third of the Jews are saved See {Zechariah 13:8,9 & Romans 11:25,26} during the Great are saved during the Great Tribulation which may begin on the 70TH ANNIVERSARY of the rebirth of Israel!

Jeremiah 29:10-13: This is what the Lord says, “When 70 YEARS are completed I will come to you and fulfill My precious promise. For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord; plans to give you hope and a future. Then you will call on me and come and pray too Me, and I will listen to you. You will seek Me, and find me when you seek Me with all your hear. I will be found by you,” declares the Lord!”

Acts 1:6,7: The disciples asked Jesus, “Lord, are you at this time going to RESTORE THE KINGDOM TO ISRAEL?” Jesus said , “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by His own authority.”

Luke 21:5,6,23,24: Some of His disciples were remarking about how the Temple was adorned with beautiful stones and with gifts dedicated to God. But Jesus said, “As for what you see here, the time will come {In AD 70} when not one stone will be left on another, every one of them will be thrown down!… There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations {In AD 70}. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are FULFILLED!”

This prophecy was FULFILLED and The KINGDOM WAS RESTORED TO ISRAEL at midnight on May 14th, AD 1948. It is interesting to note that 70 YEARS after midnight, May 14th, 1948 will be at midnight,** MAY 14TH, 2018**!!???

ANOTHER INTERESTING PROPHECY is the Jewish re-occupation of all of JERUSALEM which occurred at 10 AM, June 7, 1967 during the miraculous Six Day War. Midnight,MAY 14TH, 2018 is 49{7X7} YEARS plus 707 DAYS after 10 AM June 7th, 1967!!

Immediately after the Resurrection Day of the saints mentioned in I Thessalonians 4:16,17 we read in I Thessalonians 5:4,5: But YOU, BROTHERS, are not in darkness so that THIS DAY should surprise you like a thief. You are all sons of the light and sons of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness!!

Revelation 3:3: Jesus says, “Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; obey it, and repent. But IF you do not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what time I will come to you!!”

When the 1260-day Great Tribulation begins or the 1260-day testimony of Moses and Elijah begins 1263 1/2 days before the Last Day; the saints will then know the exact Last Day when Jesus will come with EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS which will begin on the Last Day of the 70 YEARS times 7 !!

Question? Why did Jesus reduce the Great Tribulation or last half of the Last 7 years in Daniel 9:27 from 3 1/2 years or 1278 days to 1260-days or 42 30-day months? Matthew 24:21-22: Jesus says, “For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now {See Daniel 12:1,2}–and never to be equaled again. If those {1278} days had not been CUT SHORT, no one would survive, bur for the sake of the elect those {1278 } days will be SHORTENED” {to 1260 days} And so the 1278-day Great Tribulation and reign of 666 will be shortened by 18 or 6+6+6 days.

By comparing Revelation 12:6 with Revelation 12:14 we know that 1260 days and time {360 days} times {720 days} and 1/2 a time {180 days} is the exact same period of time. And by comparing Revelation 13:5 with Daniel 7:25 we know that 42 30-day months and time {12 months} times {24 months} and 1/2 a time {6 months} is the exact same period of time! And therefore 1260 days and 42 30-day months is the exact same period of time!

COULD DONALD TRUMP BE PRESIDENT WHEN THE GREAT TRIBULATION BEGINS?? 

As you know 70 7’s and 666 are very prominent numbers in Bible prophecy.

Someone just pointed out to me that Donald Trump was born on June 14th, 1946 at 10:54 AM which I checked out. Donald Trump will became the most powerful world leader when he was inaugurated at Noon on January 20th, 2017. And so Donald Trump was exactly 70 YEARS plus 7 MONTHS plus 6 days plus 66 minutes old when he becomes the most powerful leader in the world!

Donald Trump became the most powerful leader in the world at noon, on January 20th, 2017; and the 70TH YEAR anniversary of the rebirth of Israel will be at midnight, MAY 14TH, 2018. Noon, January 20th, 2017 until Noon, May 14th, 2018 is exactly 479 days and noon, May 14th, 2018 until midnight, MAY 14TH, 2018 would take place on the 480th day. 66 weeks or 66X7 equals 462 days; which leaves another 18 or 6+6+6 days!!! And so Donald Trump became the most powerful leader in the world exactly 66 weeks plus 6+6+6 days before the speculative coming off 666 who will then become the most powerful leader in the world.

On December 23rd, 2016 Barak Hussein Obama abandoned America’s commitment to Israel’s security and the end of their democracy against Muslim aggression. In an act of cowardly venom Obama had the United States abstain from a United Nations resolution–and thereby effectively enact a United Nations resolution that completely condemns Israel and their settlements. A resolution that undertakes to render Israel indefensible. This very ridiculous unfair resolution greatly increases the tension and chaos in the Middle East and gives the Muslim countries an excuse to increase their hostility toward Israel. 

On December 23, 2016, the UNITED NATIONS of the world severely condemned Israel! December 23rd, 2016 is exactly 507 days before the 70TH YEAR Anniversary of the rebirth of Israel on MAY 14TH, 2018. 72 weeks or 72X7 would take up 504 days leaving 3 days or 72 hours. And so the time period from December 23rd, 2016 to MAY 14TH, 2018 and the possible coming of 666 would be exactly 66+6 weeks plus 66+6 hours.

As we have shown Pope Francis completely qualifies to be the future deceptive False Prophet of 666 from the evil city on 7 hills!!

If for example the 1260-day Great Tribulation begins on the 70TH YEAR anniversary of the rebirth of Israel on MAY 14TH, 2018; it would then end 1260 days later at the 2nd Coming of Jesus on OCTOBER 25TH, 2021.

Pope Francis was born at 9 PM on December 17th, 1936 in Buenos Aries Argentina which is 5 hours less than Jerusalem Bible time which would be 2 AM, December 18th, 1936. What is the interesting time period between 2 AM , December 18th, 1936 to 2 AM, OCTOBER 25TH, 2021??

The time period from December 18th, 1936 to December 18th, 2020 is exactly 84 years or 77 + 7 years or 70* + 7 + *7 years. And the time period between December 18th 2020 and OCTOBER 25TH, 2021 is exactly *315* days. 7 30-day Bible months would be *210* days leaving *105* days. 14 weeks or 7 + 7 weeks would take *98* days leaving 7 days!

And so the total time period from the birth of Pope Francis at 2 AM, December 18th,1936, Jerusalem time; to 2 AM, October 25th, 2021 would be 70* + 7 + *7 years plus 7 months Plus 7 + 7 weeks plus 7 days before the Last Day on OCTOBER 25TH, 2021 at the possible 2nd Coming of Jesus, who holds the **7 spirits of God and the 7 angels {Read Rev 1:20 & 3:1 & 5:6b}, when the 7 angel will sound the 7th and last trumpet!!{Read Rev 11:15-18 & I Cor 15:51,52}

As we have shown the time period from Solomon starting the Temple to the Anointing of Jesus would have been 405 years + 158 days + 70 years + 483 years for a total of 958 years and 158 days. And the time period from the birth of Adam to Solomon starting the Temple would have been 2930 years + 32 days plus 958 years + 158 days for a grand total of 3,888 years plus 190 days

Let us suppose that the 1260-day Great Tribulation will begin on the 70-YEAR Anniversary of Israel on MAY 14TH, 2018 and end 1260 days later at the 2nd Coming of Jesus on OCTOBER 25TH, 2021.

The time period from the Anointing of Jesus or the 1st Coming of Jesus on October 5th, AD 29 to the speculative 2nd Coming of Jesus on OCTOBER 25TH, 2021 would be exactly 1992 years plus 20 days. And so the time period from the birth of Adam to the 2nd Coming of Jesus would be 1,992 years + 20 days plus 3,888 years + 190 days for a grand total of 5,880 years plus 210 days. 7 times 840 years is 5,880 years and so 7 times 770 + 70 years is also 5,880 years. And 210 days is also 70 + 70 + 70 days.

And so the time period from the birth of Adam to the possible 2nd Coming of Jesus would be exactly 7 times 770 + 70 years plus 70 + 70 + 70 days!!
The idea that something may happen related to the End-Times on the 70 YEAR ANNIVERSARY** of the birth of Israel on MAY 14TH, 2018 is, of course, just an interesting SPECULATION!

Numbers 28:16: “On the 14th day of the 1st month the Lord’s Passover is to be held.” Exodus 12:6,7,12,13: “Take care of them {The Passover Lambs} until the 14th day of the month when all the people of Israel must slaughter them {See Lev 23:5} at Twilight {Just after sundown to nightfall}. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the doorframes of their houses. On that same night I will strike down the firstborn of the Egyptians… but when I see the blood I will PASS OVER you.” Deut 16:1: “Observe the month of ABIB and celebrate the PASS OVER of the Lord your God, because in the month of ABIB He brought you out of Egypt by night.” Lev 23:6: “On the 15th day of that month the Lord’s 7-day Feast of Unleavened Bread begins.”

Luke 22:7,8: Then came the day on which the Passover Lamb “Had” to be sacrificed. Jesus said, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.” Christ became our Passover Lamb on Passover Day! 1 Cor 5:7: “For Christ our PASSOVER LAMB has been sacrificed.” Whereas the Jews {who were following the evil Babylonian moon calendar} held their Passover on the 15th of Nisan {Which always occurs on the night of a full moon} and observed the Passover on the WRONG DAY as per John 18:28: “Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman Governor {Pilate}. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace; for they wanted to be able to eat the PASSOVER!!” Which would have been the day “AFTER” Jesus correctly held the Passover on the 14th of ABIB which God had commanded.

So we can assume that the month of ABIB is different from the Babylonian moon month of Nisan and therefore has nothing to do with the moon. When does the first month of the Bible Year called ABIB begin??

Many Bible scholars believe that it may begin of the first day of SPRING or sundown March 20th to sundown March 21st. ABIB is the Hebrew word for SPRING. And so the 14th Day of ABIB can also be translated the 14th day of SPRING!!

And so Jesus became our Passover Lamb on Passover day which is always the 14th day of the month of Abib and is always from sundown, April 2nd to sundown, April 3rd And the Resurrection Day of Jesus is always on the 16th of Abib which is always from sundown, April 4th to sundown April 5th each and every year. And ASCENSION DAY is always 40 days after Resurrection Day which is from sundown May 14th to sundown May 15th each and every year. And so ASCENSION DAY is 56 days Or 7 X 7 + 7 DAYS of the Bible Year. And so midnight May 14th, 1948 is 56 or 7 X 7 + 7 DAYS of the Bible Year and the 70TH Anniversary of the rebirth of Israel at midnight, May 14th, 2018 is also ASCENSION DAY which is 7 X 7 + 7 DAYS after the first day of the Bible year.

1260 days after the 70TH Anniversary of the rebirth of Israel on MAY 14TH, 2018 would be on OCTOBER 25TH, 2021 and the LAST DAY would be OCTOBER 24TH 2021 to **OCTOBER 25TH, 2021. **OCTOBER 24TH, is exactly 217 days after the first day of the Bible year on March 21st. And so OCTOBER 24TH, 2021 is exactly 7 30-day Bible months plus 7 days after the first day of the Bible year when the 7th angel may sound the 7th and last trumpet at the second Coming of Jesus who will open the 7 SEALS of the End-Times and who will bring the 7th DAY REST for the people of God. {Read Revelation 5:9 and Hebrews 4:9} **Jesus has {7} horns and {7} eyes which are the {7} spirits of God sent out into all the earth.{See Rev 5:6} and {7} mighty angels who stand before the throne of God.