How To Turn Vegetable Scraps…Into Vegetables Again


Here’s what you need:

Vegetable scraps

Clear containers

Garden soil

Planter

Instructions for the lettuce

  1. When cutting, keep approximately 2 inches of the base intact.

  2. Set the lettuce on its base in a glass with ½ inch of water, and place it in sunlight. Change the water every day.

  3. After 5-7 days, some new leaves should have begun to sprout from the center, and roots should be forming. Transfer it to soil and you can begin harvesting leaves when they reach 6-8 inches tall.


Instructions for the mint and basil

  1. Cut approximately 3 inches from a fresh stem, just above a node. Remove the leaves along the bottom 2 inches of the cutting.

  2. Place the cuttings in water, keeping the leaves on top above the water.

  3. After roots have formed and grown 2 inches, transplant to soil. You can begin harvesting when the plant is fully grown with mature leaves. 


Instructions for the green onion

  1. When cutting, keep approximately 2 inches of the roots and base intact.

  2. Place the roots in ½ inch of water with sunlight. Change the water every other day.

  3. Transfer to soil after 5-7 days or keep in the glass of water. You can begin harvesting when they are fully grown.


Instructions for the celery

  1. When cutting, keep approximately 2 inches of the base intact.

  2. Set it on its base in a glass with ½ inch of water with sunlight. Change the water every other day.

  3. After 5-7 days, the leaves in the center should be a deeper green. Transplant it to soil and you can begin harvesting when it is fully grown with stalks.


Instructions for the onion

  1. Your onion scraps should still have approximately 1-2 inches of the root base intact.

  2. Plant directly into soil with a thin layer of soil covering the cut top. To make room in your garden, you can trim the sides of the onion as only the center is needed for regrowth.

  3. Harvest the onions when the green tops have yellowed and fallen over.


Instructions for the garlic

  1. Select the large outer cloves from your bulb.

  2. Plant directly into soil with the base facing downwards. Cover with approximately 2 inches of soil and pat down firmly.

  3. They are ready to harvest when the green tops have started to brown and wilt.

4 Big Reasons To Stop Buying GMOs

 

Did you know that the standard use of GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) is a relatively old practice? GMO farming started to become a normalized practice in the United States in the 90s, and since then it has spread out to other areas of the world. Now, the genetic modification of our food has become one of the most controversial health-related topics to debate.

While it’s still technically too early to be able to tell how a lifetime of eating GMO foods will affect one’s health, there is already enough compelling reasons to stop growing GMO crops and get back to an organic, heirloom diet.

1) GMOs may cause cancer


Research by Dr. Gilles-Eric Seralini suggests that a diet high in GMO foods can cause tumorous cancers in rats. For anyone trying to wrap their minds around why cancer rates are skyrocketing, perhaps the answer lies within what is lining the grocery shelves. Remember, it’s not just boxed or canned food that uses GMOs in their ingredients. Fruits and vegetables are also genetically modified so that they will be more resistant to pesticides. It doesn’t take a scientist to figure out that this probably won’t be healthy for us long-term.

2) GMOs require more pesticides, and increase the amount of pesticides we consume


This stems from the first point. There are two major types of GMOs. The first are genetically engineered to have a built-in insecticide to kill off bugs. The second type are bred to be immune to pesticides so that they can be doused in heavier amounts of chemicals to ward off weeds and pests. This second type are often called “Roundup Ready” crops.

The end result? Any time you purchase GMO foods you are ingesting about 15 times more toxic chemicals than anyone did back in the 80s, or ever before. They are literally being genetically modified to kill bugs. Do we really want to eat high levels of bug and weed killer? As mentioned before, no long term studies have been done to test the effects of long-term GMO ingestion.

When pesticides are sprayed over and over on a certain area, the weeds and bugs become resistant after a while. The ones that can adapt and become resistant will survive and reproduce, meaning that you now need more herbicides and pesticides to produce the same amount of produce.

Not to mention, these pesticides pollute our soil, leak into our water supplies, and harm other forms of life in the ecosystem. Bee population has dropped significantly due to pesticides being sprayed on our food.

3) GMOs cross pollinate, and could take over the whole food population


The Earth’s ecosystem cannot be easily compartmentalized. Therefore, a change in one organism can fundamentally change all future organisms of the same species over time. There is already evidence that the fish in our streams and areas of non-GMO farmland have been contaminated with this manipulated DNA.

If GMO continues to spread like this, we could have a food population where non-GMO foods are nearly impossible to find.

4) Organic farming is just as doable and capable of feeding the world’s population

Despite the propaganda that genetically modifying crops is only way to create enough food for the population, organic farming is just as efficient and capable.

This is perhaps one of the most important messages that needs to get out about GMO foods, because many members of the population blindly accept the lie that genetic modification is necessary to support the world’s population. The truth? It is completely unnecessary. Here is an awesome video of 14 year old Rachel Parent debating with Kevin O’Leary about GMO labeling and the effects GMOs may have on our health:

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HIXER_yZUBg

Fortunately, many countries have woken up out of the propaganda that companies like Monsanto have been forcing on the population. But at the end of the day, we vote with our dollar. Choosing to buy non-GMO and organic foods is one of the best ways to combat this attack on the global food supply.

REPORT: CZECH GOVERNMENT TELLS CITIZENS TO ‘PREPARE FOR THE WORST’

Source:www.infowars.com

Warning follows German advisory for citizens to stockpile enough food and water for 10 days

Report: Czech Government Tells Citizens to ‘Prepare for the Worst’

After the German government told its citizens to stockpile food and water in case of a catastrophe, the Czech government is also now reportedly warning its population to prepare for the worst.

On Sunday, Frankfurter Allgemmeine Sonntagszeitung (FAZ) reported that the German government is set to enact a new “Concept for Civil Defence” which will “require the population to stockpile enough food for ten days.”

On the other side of the border, Czech media is reporting that the country’s food reserves are “struggling” and would be incapable of meeting demand in the event of a national crisis. Supplies of milk powder are particularly low.

The government is calling on citizens to increase their “self-sufficiency” and “food safety” by stockpiling more food.

According to Israeli Live News’ Steven Ben-DeNoon, a resident of the Czech Republic, news stations reporting on the story out of Germany also revealed how the Czech government is telling its citizens to “be prepared for the worst case possible scenario,” which is likely to be a large scale catastrophic terror attack or a nuclear disaster.

As we reported earlier this month, Czech President Miloš Zeman is also pushing for a change to the law that would make it easier for citizens to own firearms in order to defend themselves against jihadists.

Having previously been against private gun ownership, Zeman now says “citizens should arm themselves” to deal with the threat of Islamic terrorism.

Gun sales in France and Germany are also skyrocketing as a response to the millions of Muslim migrants pouring into Europe and a spate of terror attacks across Europe over the last two months.

Last month, the head of the French police cautioned that the country was on the verge of a “civil war” that could be sparked by more terror attacks or mass molestation like the one in Cologne on New Year’s Eve.

Last year, Swiss army chief André Blattmann warned that the risk of social unrest in Europe was intensifying and that citizens should arm themselves.

Danish Professor Helmuth Nyborg also commented in April that “civil war” was the most likely outcome of current EU immigration policies.

Back in February, Norwegian Army Chief Odin Johannessen warned that European countries must be reading and willing to fight against radical Islam in order to preserve the values that unite the continent.

President Obama Warns to be Ready for a Disasters 

Barack Obama At FEMA – When Barack Obama speaks to the public, it is very rare that he does so without a specific purpose in mind. So why is he urging Americans “to be prepared for a disaster” all of a sudden? On May 31, Obama took time out of his extremely busy schedule to deliver an address at the FEMA National Response Coordination Center in Washington. During his speech, he stressed that every American is responsible for preparing for disasters, and that includes “having an evacuation plan” and “having a fully stocked disaster supply kit”. These are basic steps that I have been encouraging people to do for years, but if they won’t listen to me, perhaps they will listen to the man currently residing in the White House. The following excerpt from Obama’s speech comes directly from the official White House website…

One of the things that we have learned over the course of the last seven and a half years is that government plays a vital role, but it is every citizen’s responsibility to be prepared for a disaster. And that means taking proactive steps, like having an evacuation plan, having a fully stocked disaster supply kit. If your local authorities ask you to evacuate, you have to do it. Don’t wait.

This speech was timed to coincide with the beginning of the hurricane season, although hurricanes have not posed much of a threat lately.

In fact, a major hurricane has not made landfall in the United States for 127 straight months.

But without a doubt, we all need to be preparing for disaster. Hurricanes can create a short-term emergency that can last for a few days, but there are other threats that could create a major emergency that could potentially last for an extended period of time. That list of potential threats includes a major volcanic eruption, a natural or engineered pandemic, a west coast earthquake, a New Madrid earthquake, a tsunami on either the east or west coasts, a meteor impact, Islamic terror, war, an EMP burst that takes down the power grid, cyberwarfare, economic collapse, and civil unrest resulting in the imposition of martial law.

Of course the items that I just mentioned are not mutually exclusive. In fact, in different scenarios we could actually see multiple events happen in rapid succession.

It is interesting to note that during his speech Barack Obama also noted that the American people seem to have become very complacent about getting prepared…

And what we’ve been seeing is some public complacency slipping in; a large portion of people not having preparedness kits, not having evacuation plans.

This is exactly what I have been noticing as well. There appears to be a tremendous amount of apathy out there, and relatively few people really seem to feel much urgency to get prepared these days.

My contacts in the emergency preparedness industry have been telling me that sales are way down right now. There was a big peak last fall, but since then it is like interest in prepping has just fallen off the map.

Ultimately, those companies are going to be okay because interest will pick back up shortly as global events begin to spiral completely out of control. However, of much greater concern is the fact that people have not been using this period of relative calm constructively.

Just like we have seen in Venezuela, time to prepare eventually runs out. And someday there will be millions of parents that are absolutely horrified when their children come to them crying out for food and they don’t have anything to give to them because they didn’t heed the warnings and they didn’t get prepared.

When that day arrives, many of those families may be forced to turn to whatever help the government is offering at the time.

One more thing that I found particularly noteworthy about Obama’s speech was that he said that there is now “a FEMA app” that can direct you to the nearest “FEMA shelter” in the event of a major emergency.

If you need information about how to put together an evacuation plan, how to put together a disaster preparedness kit, as Craig said, we’ve got an app for everything now. We have a FEMA app in English and in Spanish to help you prepare your family for a disaster. You can update the National Weather Service alerts. You can get safety tips for more than 20 kinds of hazards. It provides you directions to nearby shelters.

Could you envision yourself and your family having to take refuge in a “FEMA shelter” someday?

If not, you should do what you can to get prepared now. Over the next couple of days, my wife and I will be releasing a couple of new videos about preparation on our YouTube channel. I hope that many of you will check them out.

Unlike Venezuela, it looks like we may still have a little bit more time to prepare for what is ahead. Some people will relax and use this time to party, but those that are wise will work diligently and will do what they can to get ready for the exceedingly challenging times that are rapidly approaching.

Hopefully you are listening to the warnings and are heeding what the watchmen are saying.

If not, the consequences for what will happen to you and your family will ultimately be on your own hands.

Elevating From Physical Into Spiritual Passover

Sprecher-040315

With the exception of the mitzvah of telling the story of the Exodus, the mitzvot of Pesach night are all about eating and drinking.

In Temple times we were obligated to eat the Korban Pesach, and even today we must eat matzah and marror and drink the four cups of wine.

Why are we so busy eating and drinking during this special night of the Exodus? When we look at the other festivals, we have mitzvotsuch as hearing the shofar, taking the Four Species, reading the megillah, etc. – actions that don’t involve food.

Pesach, on the other hand, is all about what we eat and what we must not eat. In fact, according to the Vilna Gaon, every time we eat matzah during Pesach – not just during the Seder – we are fulfilling a mitzvah.

So again, why is Pesach packed with mitzvot that deal with eating?

When we look at the beginning of the Torah, we find the concept of food is a central part of the story. Adam and Chava’s sin involved food. They ate from the Tree of Knowledge, despite the prohibition against doing so. Humanity started on its sinful path with an act of eating.

Some 2,448 years later, the birth of the Jewish nation took place on Pesach. As we left Egypt to become an independent nation in our own land, we were given mitzvot that involve eating. There are many guidelines as to how to eat the Korban Pesach and about what exactly constitutes chametz and matzah.

Just as Adam and Chava received guidelines about what to eat and what to avoid, the Jewish nation is provided with guidelines regarding our food consumption. According to Kabbalah, Pesachnight is an opportunity to rectify the first sin of humanity.

On Pesach night we are surrounded by mitzvot involving eating and drinking. A mitzvah doesn’t only mean a command; it is also a way to bond. Mitzvot are ways for us to bond with God.

The mitzvot of Pesach night, which are related to eating, serve as a reminder that in our physical world we can elevate the physical and connect it to the spiritual.

That is exactly our mission as Jews.

According to the Talmud Yerushalmi in Kiddushin, eating and drinking, along with all other physical pleasures, are intended by God our enjoyment and benefit. However, what separates us from the animal kingdom, where enjoyment can only be derived from the physical, is that we as humans can elevate physical pleasure to a higher spiritual level.

For example, we manifest self-control over what we eat by the halachot of kashrut. On Pesach night we elevate different categories of food and drink – marror comes from the raw plant world, the Korban Pesach comes from the animal world, and so on.

These foods serve as reminders of how to connect to God through His physical creations. On the other hand, we had to be slaves in Egypt, a land of physicality at the lowest level, in order to see what can happen if the physical is misused and corrupted.

Fifty days after the Exodus we received the Torah, which grants us the privilege and the responsibility of redeeming and making holy God’s physical world.

Pesach night is God’s gift to us, serving as a prime example of how we can enjoy the physical by elevating it to new spiritual heights.

How to Observe Sabbath

Introduction to Shabbat
Shabbat begins at sunset on Friday evening and ends Saturday night when three stars are
visible in the sky (25 hours). On Shabbat we remember that God created the world and
then rested from His labors (Genesis 2:2).
Shabbat is considered the most important of the Jewish holidays — even more important
than Yom Kippur or the other High Holidays. This special day is to be marked by three
qualities: rest (menuchah), holiness (kedushah), and joy (oneg). During Shabbat we spend
time with family, friends, pray, read, and rejuvenate. We light candles to symbolically
drive away darkness and welcome the Light of the Mashiach Jesus into our hearts.
There are three main rituals regarding Shabbat observance:
1) Lighting the Sabbath candles
2) Saying Kiddush over wine
3) Reciting HaMotzi over challah
The Shabbat meal is a time when friends and families share highlights from the week and
sing table songs, called zemirot.
Remembering the Sabbath
In Genesis 2:3 we are told that God rested (shavat) from His creative activity and set
apart the seventh day as the memorial of the work of His hands. God called the seventh
day “holy” (kodesh), which means set apart as sacred, exalted, and honored.
The fourth of the ten mitzvot (commandments) is, “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it
holy” (KJV):
`AvD >q;l . tB’V ;h; ~Ay-ta, rAkz ”
le·ka·de·sho ha·shab·bat et-yom za·khor
to keep it holy the Sabbath the day (of) Remember
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy (Exodus 20:8)
The word translated “remember” (zakhor) means to recall or recollect past events and
experiences and renew them in the present. In a sense, then, such remembering is a form
of re-creation, where we reinterpret our lives and our identities in new ways.
How do we so remember? By candle lighting, reciting Kiddush, dining festively, dressing
in special clothes, praying, listening to Torah reading in synagogue, and learning and
discussing portions of Torah.

Guarding the Sabbath
Interestingly, the fourth commandment is repeated in Deuteronomy 5:12:
`AvD >q;l . tB’V ;h; ~Ay-ta, rAmv’
le·ka·de·sho ha·shab·bat et-yom sha·mor
to keep it holy the Sabbath the day (of) Keep
Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it… (Deuteronomy 5:12)
The word translated “keep” (shamor) means to guard something held in trust, to protect
and to watch closely. Not only are we to remember the Sabbath, but we are to guard and
protect its sanctity as something of great value.
How are we to guard it? By refraining from secular activities (usually thought of as one
of the forbidden 39 categories of work (melachah) which are not appropriate for this
special day (the Rabbinics defined 39 categories of activity that are forbidden on Shabbat
that derive from the assembling of the Mishkan (tabernacle). Traditionally all observant
Jews will refrain from these sorts of activities during the 25 hour period of Shabbat.)
Just as God set apart a time to focus on and honor the marvelous works of His hands, so
we are commanded to regularly set apart a time to focus and honor our own creative life
in God. Notice that both God and man set apart the Sabbath day and share in the glory of
creative life.
Some Jewish sages have said that the Sabbath is a picture of the Olam HaBah, or world
to come. In the rhythm of the Olam HaZeh, or present world, however, the Sabbath is a
sacred time to become spiritually reconnected with our true identities as God’s very
children. Are we regularly setting apart a time to remember the sacred work of God in
our lives? The Sabbath is our God-given opportunity and privilege.

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Preparing for Shabbat

In order to make Shabbat a time of rest (menuchah), holiness (kedushah), and joy (oneg),
certain preparations need to be in place.
Planning for Shabbat
First, you may want to invite friends over to join you for Shabbat. It is especially
worthwhile to invite over those who are needy or who would otherwise be alone during
this special time.
Next, plan your Shabbat meal. This often includes doing some shopping and getting the
items together before Thursday. Traditional Erev Shabbat (Friday evening) meals
include fish, chicken, and roast beef – or you can go vegetarian. And please do NOT
serve ham or other food that is considered unkosher for your shabbat meal!
Be sure to read the weekly Torah portion to be spiritually prepared for Shabbat. The
Jewish sages actually recommend reading the portion through twice before Shabbat
begins on Friday evening. Since this involves a bit of study on your part, be sure to make
allowances in your schedule to find the time for your reading.
Setting the Shabbat Table
The Sabbath Table normally will include the following items:
A Tzedakah Box
Candle Holders and Shabbat Candles (at least two of each)
A clean tablecloth
Fresh flowers or other decorations
Kiddush cup(s)
Wine or grape juice
Challot (two loaves) with challah plate and cover
A challah knife
Salt (to be sprinkled on the challah before eating)
A hand washing basin with decorative towel
A siddur or shabbat song book
A Havdalah Candle (blue and white braided)
Besamim box (spice box)
The Shabbat Table should be ready – and the meal prepared – no later than Friday
afternoon, well before sundown (in the Northern Hemisphere, this is normally no
problem during the spring and summer, though fall and winter days are short!)

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Giving Tzedakah

Kol Yisrael arevim zeh bazeh.
“All Israel is responsible for one another.”
(Talmud Shavuot 39a).

It is customary to give tzedakah (charity) by putting a few coins in a Tzedakah box before
lighting the Shabbat candles. This money is for the purpose of tikkun olam, or the “repair
of the world.” Many families place the Tzedakah box next to the Shabbat candle holders
to remind them to perform this mitzvah. Encourage even the youngest of your children to
contribute a coin or two for the betterment of the world!
When money is put into the Tzedekah box, recite the following blessing:
rv ,a ] Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l ,m ö, Wnyhel {a / hw “hy > hT’a ; %WrB’
a·sher ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
who King of the universe our God LORD You Blessed
Åhq ‘d”C .h; l[ ; Wnw “öc iw > Ãwyt’w Oc .m iB. Wnv ‘öD >qi
ha·tse·da·kah al ve·tsi·va·nu be·mits·vo·tav kid·de·sha·nu
the tzedakah about and commanded
us
with his mitzvot sanctifies us
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav, v’tzivanu
al ha-tzedakah.

“Blessed art thou, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who hast sanctified us with thy
commandments, and commanded us about the Tzedakah.” [Amen.]

Lighting the Sabbath Candles

Sabbath candles are lit by the (eldest) woman of the house no later than 18 minutes before
sundown on Friday evening (i.e., before Shabbat begins). After kindling the candles, she
waives her hands over the flames three times (as if welcoming in the Sabbath), and covering
her eyes with her hands (so as not to see the candles burning) says:
Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l,mö, Wnyh,l{a/ hw”hy > hT’a; %WrB’
ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the universe king (of) our God Lord are you Blessed
rAa tAyhil . Wnw”öciw > Ãwyt’wOc.miB. Wnv’öD >qi rv,a]
or le-hiyot v’tsivanu be·mits·vo·tav kid·de·sha·nu a·sher
a light to be and
commanded us
with his
commandments
sanctified us who
Å~l ‘A[h’ rAa Wnxeyvim. [ ;Wvy E ta, Wnl ‘-!t;n”w> ~yyIAgl .
ha-olam or meshicheinu yeshua et v’natan-lanu le-goyim
the light of the world our Messiah Jesus ( ) and gave to us to the nations
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
asher kideshanu bemitzvotav ve-tsivanu lehiyot or
le-goyim v’natan-lanu et Yeshua Meshicheinu or ha-olam.

Note: A Friday night service called Kabbalat Shabbat is
normally offered at the synagogue after the candle-lighting
time but before the Shabbat meal. From the time the candles
are lit until after kiddush is made, one should not eat or drink
anything.
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Washing the Hands

Directly after reciting the Kiddush, everyone washes their hands in the prescribed ritual
manner to prepare for the blessing over the bread (see note, below). Customarily, after
reciting this blessing you do not speak until you have eaten the challah:
Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l,mö, Wnyh,l{a/ hw”hy > hT’a; %WrB’
ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the universe king (of) our God Lord are you Blessed
Å~y Idö”y ” tl ;yjin> l[; Wnw”öciw > Ãwyt’wOc.miB. Wnv’öD >qi rv,a]
ya·dai·yim ne·ti·lat ‘al ve·tsi·va·nu be·mits·vo·tav kid·de·sha·nu a·sher
hands washing and commanded us
about
with his
commandments
sanctified us who
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam, asher
kideshanu b’mitzvotav, v’tzivanu al netilat yadayim.

“Blessed art thou, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who hast sanctified us with thy
commandments, and commanded us about washing the hands.” [Amen.]
How to Wash Your Hands
Note: The ritual of Netilat Yadayim is actually a “ceremonial” cleansing. In fact, before
engaging in this ritual, your hands should already be clean! The Lord Jesus our Mashiach
opposed this traditional ritual of cleansing as essentially being meaningless (Matthew
15:2-14; see also Mark 7:3-16). It is included here for educational purposes only..
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Blessing the Children

It is customary to bless your children on Shabbat. The blessing prescribed by tradition
invokes the names of Joseph’s sons and the names of the matriarchs, and includes the
“priestly blessing.” Parents may use this intimate moment as a chance to add their own
words of blessing and offer expressions of love and appreciation to their children. You
may wish to bless all your children together or bless each child individually or privately.
The Hebrew Blessing for Boys:
Åhv,n:m.kiw> ~y Ir:öp .a,K. ~yhil {a/ ^m.f iy >
v’khi-me·na·sheh ke·’ef·rayim e·lo·him ye·sim·kha
and like Manasseh like Ephraim May God make you
Yesimkha Elohim ke’efrayim v’khimenasheh.
The Hebrew Blessing for Girls:
Åha’l ew> lxer” hq’b.rI hr”f ‘K. ~yhil {a/ %mef iy >
v’le·’ah ra·chel riv·kah ke·sa·rah e·lo·him ye·si·mekh
and Leah Rachel Rebecca like Sarah May God make you
Yesimekh Elohim keSarah, Rivkeh, Rachel, v’leah.
The Hebrew Blessing for the Family:
Å^N raey ” Å^r hw”hy > ^k.rö
vi·chun·ne·kha e·ley·kha pa·nav Adonai ya·’er ve·yish·me·re·kha Adonai ye·va·re·khe·kha
and be gracious
to you
to you his face May the Lord shine and protect you May the Lord bless you
Å~Alv’ ^l. ~f ey “w> Ã^yl,öae wyn”P ‘ hw”hy > af ‘y I
sha·lom le·kha ve·ya·sem e·ley·kha pa·nav Adonai yi·sa
peace to you and give to you May the Lord turn his face
Yevarekhekha Adonai veyishmerekha. Ya’er Adonai panav eleykha vichuneka.
Yisa Adonai panav eleykha veyaseim lekha shalom.

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Friday Night Kiddush
Kiddush means “sanctification” and is the blessing said over wine or grape juice on
Shabbat or festivals. Normally Kiddush is recited while holding a cup of wine, usually by
the father of the household. The blessing begins with Genesis 1:31-2:3 and ends with
thanks to God for the gift of the holy Sabbath:
#r ~yIm ;öV ‘h ; WLk ñuy>w: `yV iV ih ; ~Ay [rq,boö-yh iy>w: brw:
]
ve·ha·a·rets ha·sha·ma·yim vai·khu·lu ha·shi·shi yom vai·hi·vo·ker vai·hi·‘e·rev
and the earth the heavens were finished the sixth day. and there was evening and morning
hf'[‘ rv
w: `~a’b’c . lk’w>
‘a·sah a·sher me·lakh·to hash·she·vi·‘i bai·yom e·lo·him vai·khal tse·va·’am vekhol
He did that His work on the seventh day and God finished their host and all
%rw: `hf'([‘ rv
w: y[iêybiV .h ; ~Ay-ta, ~yh il{a/
mik·kol sha·vat vo ki o·to vai·ka·deish hash·she·vi·‘i et-yom e·lo·him
from all He rested on it for it and sanctified the seventh day God
`tAf[]l ; ~yh il{a/ ar”B ‘ rv
!n “B ‘r:w> !n “r”m ‘ yrIb.s;
v’rabo-tai v’raba-nan mara-nan savri
and teachers and masters distinguished
ones
by your
leave
The Blessing over the Wine:
Å!p,Gö”h ; yrIP . arEAB Ã~l ‘A[h ‘ %l,m ö, Wnyh el{a/ hw”hy> hT ‘a; %WrB ‘
hag·ga·fen pe·ri bo·re ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the vine. fruit of Who creates the universe King of our God Lord are You Blessed
[Respond: Amen.]
Wnv’D >qi rv,a] Ã~l ‘A[h ‘ %l,m ö, Wnyh el{a/ hw”hy> hT ‘a; %WrB ‘
kid·de·sha·nu a·sher ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
sanctified us Who the universe King of our God Lord are You Blessed
ÃWnl ‘öyx in >h i !Acr”b.W hb’h ]a;B . Avd >q” tB ;v;w> ÃWnb’ö ac ‘r”öw> wyt ‘wOc .m iB .
hin·chi·la·nu uv·ra·tson be·a·ha·vah kod·sho ve·shab·bat va·nu ve·rah·tsa be·mits·vo·tav
He guided us and in favor in love and His holy Sabbath and was pleased with us with His mitsvot
Ãvd Eqoö yaerö”q .m il . hL’x iT . ~Ay aWh yK i ÅtyviarEb. hfe[]m ;l . !ArK ‘zI
ko·desh le·mik·ra·ei te·chil·lah yom hu ki ve·re·shit le·ma·‘a·sei zik·ka·ron
holy to convocations opening the day it is for // of creation. of the work a memorial
ÃT ‘v.D :öqi Wnt ‘öAaw> ÃT ‘r>x ;öb’ Wnb’ö yK i Å~yIrö:c .m i ta;yc iyli rk ,zEö
ki·dash·ta ve·’o·ta·nu va·char·ta va·nu ki mits·rai·yim liy·tsi·at ze·kher
did You sanctify and us did You choose us For from Egypt. of the Exodus a memorial
ÅWnt ‘l .x ;n >h i !Acr”b.W hb’h ]a;B . ^v.d >q’ tB ;v;w> Å~ym i[;h ‘ lK’m i
hin·chal·ta·nu uv·ra·tson be·’a·ha·vah kod·she·kha ve·shab·bat ha·‘a·mim mik·kol
You guided us and favor with love and Your holy Sabbath the nations. from all
[Å!m ea’] ÅtB ‘V;h ; vD Eq;m . hw”hy> hT ‘a; %WrB ‘
a·mein ha·shab·bat me·ka·desh Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
Amen. the Sabbath. Who sanctifies Lord are You Blessed
“Blessed art Thou, Adonai our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His
commandments and was pleased with us, and His holy Sabbath in love and in favor, He
gave us a heritage, a memorial of the work of creation. For it is the day beginning for
holy convocations, a memorial of the exodus from Egypt. For You chose us and
sanctified us from all the nations. And Your holy Sabbath with love and favor you gave
us a heritage. Blessed are You, Adonai, Who sanctifies the Sabbath.” [Respond: Amen.]
After this blessing is recited, it is customary to give each person present some wine from
the Kiddush cup.

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Blessing the Bread

After hand-washing, the head of the household lifts the two challah loaves and says the
blessing over bread. Before reciting the blessing, however, the head of the household
lightly draws the knife across the challah making a slight indentation to indicate the place
for cutting, and then raises the loaves to recite the blessing:
Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l,mö, Wnyh,l{a/ hw”hy > hT’a; %WrB’
ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the universe king (of) our God Lord are you Blessed
Å#r<a’öh’ !mi ~x,l , ayciAM öh;’
ha·’a·rets min le·chem ham·mo·tsi
the earth from bread the Who brings
forth
[Respond: Amen.]
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
hamotzi lechem min ha’aretz.

“Blessed art thou, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who brings forth bread from the
earth.” [Amen.]
The head of the household cuts a piece of challah for himself, and then either dips it in
salt or sprinkles salt over the slice. He or she then cuts and distributes the rest of the
challah to those around the table.
Note that salt is used to commemorate the sacrifices in the Temple, which were always
required to be offered with salt.

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Eating the Shabbat Meal

The Friday night meal is normally eaten after the Synagogue service (Kabbalat Shabbat).
The meal typically includes some kind of fish, soup and chicken or meat.
During the meal someone usually will offer a commentary on the weekly Torah portion
(i.e., the Torah portion that will be read in the Shabbat morning service). Such
discussions are called Divrei Torah.
Often Zemirot, or Shabbat table songs, are sung during the meal as well.
Some table songs (zemirot) include:
• Shalom Alechem
• L’cha Dodi
• Etz Chayim
• Kol HaOlam
• Lev Tahor
• Shabbat Shalom!

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Grace after Meals
Jews normally do not say “grace” before meals (as do many Christians), but rather after
they have eaten. They do not “bless” the food, either, but rather acknowledge that God is
the One who provides for their sustenance.
The full grace said after meals, called Birkat Hamazon, is a rather long prayer that
involves several blessings (see a good Siddur for the entire recitation). An alternative,
shorter version is provided here (it is actually the first part of the entire blessing):
Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l ,m ö, Wnyh,l {a / hw “hy > hT’a ; %WrB’
ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the universe king (of) our God Lord are you Blessed
Å~ym ix ]r :b .W ds,x,öB. !xeB . ÃAbWjB. ALKu ~l ‘A[h’ ta , !z”h ;
uv-ra-cha-mim be-che-sed be-chen be-tu-vo kul-lo ha-olam et ha·zan
with grace, kindness, and compassion in goodness who nourishes the whole world
ÅADs.x ; ~l ‘A[l . yKi Ãrf’B’-lk’l . ~x,l ö, !teAn aWh
chas-do le-o-lam ki le-khol-ba-sar le-chem no-tein hu
His mercy endures forever for to all flesh bread gives He
Wnl ö’ rsex’ al { dym iT’ lAdG “h; AbWjb .W
la-nu cha-seir lo ta-mid hag-ga-dol uv-tu-vo
we have never lacked And through His great goodness
Ãd[ ,w ” ~l ‘A[l . !Azm ‘ Wnl ö’ rs;x.y
va-ed le-o-lam ma-zon la-nu yech-sar ve-al
forever and we will not lack food
ÃlK{l ; snEr >p;m .W !z” la e aWh yKi ÅlAdG “h; Amv . rWb[ ]B;
la-kol um-far-neis zan el hu ki hag-ga-dol she-mo ba-a-vur
who nourishes and sustains all God He is for His great Name for the sake
Åar “B’ rv ,a ] Ãwyt’AYr IB.-lk’l . !Azm ‘ !ykim eW ÃlK{l ; byjim eW
ba-ra a-sher le-khol b’ri-yo-tav ma-zon u-mei-khin la-kol u-mei-tiv
He created which for all His creatures and prepares food and does good to all
Å!m ea ‘ ÅlK{h ; ta , !z”h ; hw “hy > hT’a ; %WrB’
a-mein hak-kol et ha-zan Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
Amen who nourishes all LORD are you Blessed
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha’olam
hazan et ha’olam kullo betuvo, bechen bechesed uvrachamim.
Hu notein lechem lekholbasar ki le’olam chasdo.
Uvtuvo haggadol tamid lo chaseir lanu
ve’al yechsar lanu mazon le’olam va’ed,
ba’avur shemo haggadol. Ki hu El zan umfarneis lakhol,
umeitiv lakol umeikhin mazon lekhol b’riyotav, asher bara.
Barukh attah hazan et hakkol. Amein.
“Blessed are you, LORD our God, master of the universe, Who nourishes the whole
world in goodness, with grace, kindness, and compassion. He gives bread to all flesh, for
His mercy endures forever. And through His great goodness we have never lacked, nor
will we lack food forever, for the sake of His great Name. For He is God, who nourishes
and sustains all, and does good to all, and prepares food for all His creatures which He
created. Blessed are You, LORD, who nourishes all. Amen.” [Amen.]

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Thanking God for Salvation

Of all the various berachot, this is one of the most important of all, since we come to be
in a right relationship with YHVH – the Father of Glory – by means of salvation through
Yeshua the Mashiach. It is fitting, then, to offer up thanks to the LORD for the way of
salvation given though Yeshua the Messiah:
Ã~l ‘A[h’ %l,mö, Wnyh,l{a/ hw”hy > hT’a; %WrB’
ha·‘o·lam me·lekh e·lo·hei·nu Adonai at·tah ba·rukh
the universe king (of) our God Lord are you Blessed
h[ ;Wvy >h; %r<D <ö ta, Wnl ö” !t;n” rv,a]
ha·ye·shu·ah de·rekh et la·nu na·tan a·sher
the way of salvation ( ) to us gave Who
Å!mea’ ÅaWh %WrB’ [ ;Wövy E x;yviöm’B ;
a·mein hu ba·rukh ye·shu·a‘ ba·ma·shi·ach
Amen He blessed be in the Messiah Yeshua
Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
asher natan lanu et derekh ha-yeshuah
bamashiach Yeshua, barukh hu. Amein.
“Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who gave to us the way of
salvation though the Messiah Yeshua, blessed be He. Amen.” [Amen.].

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