This Week’s Torah Portion | 21 Jan – 27 Jan, 2018 – 5 Shevat – 11 Shevat, 5778

BeShalach (When Pharaoh Sent) Parsha – Weekly Torah Portion

BESHALACH
TORAH : EXODUS 13:17-17:16
PROPHETS : JUDGES 4:4-5:31
GOSPEL : MATT 14:22-33

About the Weekly Torah Portion

From ancient times there has been a weekly portion (Parashah) from the first five books of Moses (The Torah) and an ending (Haftarah) from the Prophets read on the Sabbath in synagogues around the world. This portion is given a Hebrew name drawn from the opening words of the Torah passage.

We have found that in perusing these weekly readings, not only are we provided opportunity to identify in the context of God’s Word with millions of Jewish people around the world, but very often the Holy Spirit will highlight specific passages pertinent that week in our intercession for the Land and people of Israel.

The Haftarah, unless otherwise noted, will be that read in Ashkenazy synagogues around the world.

NOTE: Because this week’s Torah and Haftarah readings contain two of the great recorded songs of the Bible (the Song of the Sea (Exodus 15) and the Song of Barak and Deborah (Judges 5), this Sabbath is sometimes known as Shabbat Shirah—“Sabbath of Song”.

*Exodus 13:18b. “And the sons of Israel went up in martial array from the land of Egypt” (NASB). There was, as of yet, no military experience or discipline in this people (see verse 17), and a furious battle with the Amalekites (Ex. 17:8-16) awaited them just a little way down the road. Yet, somehow, they left Egypt armed and in orderly array. In I Samuel 17:45, David goes out to meet Goliath “in the name of the LORD of Hosts, God of the Battle-Arraying of Israel (YHVH Tzeva’ot Elohei-Ma’arkhot-Yisrael)”. It is YHVH of Armies who ultimately brings Israel into array both physically and spiritually to face her enemies.

PLEASE PRAY: For the armies of Israel to come into array under the LORD of Hosts. Pray for the Messianic Believers in the Israeli Defense Force; they have organized, and many get together regularly on weekends for praise, worship and prayer. Favorable articles have appeared in Israeli newspapers in recent years about the Messianic presence in Israel’s military. Many of these soldiers have excelled, gaining rank and favor and with some now themselves in positions of command. We know of cases in which some of these commanders have been actually encouraged by their superiors to share their faith with the others in their company. A year ago it was estimated that there are more than 300 Messianic believing soldiers in the Israeli military…and we believe that number has grown! But the battle against them by the Enemy is fierce. Please pray courage, integrity, cleanness, and close fellowship for these young men and women both with their LORD and each other, that they be a light of Truth and Life to their comrades.

*Exodus 13:21-22; 14:19-20. “And YHVH went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night. He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.” “And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.”

PLEASE PRAY: for Israel to be aware that God’s presence is with her to lead and give light. For believers to apprehend His Presence…for an awareness of the presence of God’s angels in the heavenlies round about us to lead, encourage and protect!

*Exodus 14:13-14. “And Moses said to the people, ‘Do not be afraid! Stand still (NKJV) and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall not continue to see forever and ever. The LORD will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace.”

We would observe regarding the first part of Moses’ admonition “Stand Still” (NKJV), that in the Hebrew this is far from an indolent ‘standing to the side’. Far better translations are “Set Yourself” (NASB) or “Take Your Station” (Robert Alter), The Hebrew lehityatzev is a military term. It is exactly the same word used by the Watchman standing his post in Habakkuk 2:1, “I will…set myself- (NKJV) or “station myself- (NASB) on the rampart, and watch to see…” As mentioned above, Israel was already an army, whether or not she yet realized it, and each member had a positioning within that army, appointed by the Captain of the Host of the LORD. The same is true for those coming into the Kingdom today. As we are watchful at our stations, the LORD will be working his salvation on the battlefield. At the end of this week’s readings, Moses’ station will be on the hill with his hands raised, as Joshua (whose name means, “The LORD is Salvation”) is prevailing in physical combat on the plain below.

Exodus 15:1-18 contains one of the most exalted, beautiful and truth-filled victory songs in any language:

Shirat haYam—The Song of the Sea

*15:2. “My strength and song is YAH; and He is become to me salvation (yeshu’ah); He is my God, and I will adorn Him with praises.”

PLEASE PRAY: That present-day Israel will recognize that the LORD is indeed become her Salvation (The name Yeshua (Jesus) is a contraction of a compound name combining the name of the LORD—YHVH with yesha—“Salvation”).

*15:3. “YHVH (the LORD) is a man of war; YHVH is His name.” In this verse, the LORD YHVH is literally referred to as an ish—“man”. We do not believe this to be merely metaphorical. How could the Most High call Himself a man—unless He would actually become one?

PLEASE PRAY: That the Holy Spirit will shine divine illumination onto his written Word—that minds will be opened to comprehend what is written about Yeshua (Jesus) in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms (Luke 24:44-45).

*15:11. “Who is like You, YHVH, among the gods? Who is like You, sublime in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?”

PLEASE PRAY: that these wonderful attributes of the LORD will be released in new understanding in His congregation throughout the world—1. Sublime HOLINESS; 2. PRAISES in spirit and truth which nurture GODLY FEAR in His servants, terror in His enemies. 3. A release of signs and WONDERS in the name of His “holy servant Yeshua” (Acts 4:30).

*15:17. “You will bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, in the place, O YHVH, which You have made for Your own dwelling, the sanctuary, Adonai, which Your hands have established. YHVH shall reign forever and ever.” This is a prophecy regarding what, many hundreds of years later, would become the “Temple Mount” in Jerusalem. Since 1967, Israel has claimed sovereignty over this mountain. Yet non-Muslims are only allowed to ascend for a few specified hours on certain days of the week. It has been said that “the Last Battle will be fought over who will be worshipped on this mountain.” Over the interior doors of the Dome of the Rock is a passage from the Muslim holy book proclaiming that that religion’s deity “has no helper (son)”. The Second Psalm of the Hebrew Bible says that the LORD not only has a Son, that Son will reign as King on that Mountain. In Ezekiel 20:40 the Lord GOD (Adonai YHVH) declares that “On My holy mountain, on the mountain height of Israel, there all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, shall serve Me; there I will accept them…” At that time, it will truly be said that Israel has been “brought in and planted in the mountain”. But at present, she is only a wary custodian of a highly disputed area inhabited by structures of desolation.

PLEASE PRAY: that God’s Kingdom come and His will be done on the “mountain of His inheritance” in Jerusalem. We know teams of believers who ascend the mountain weekly to walk round it, praying this. Also, please pray for divine wisdom and guidance over our nation’s leaders in how best to administer Israel’s present governance of this holy site.

*Exodus 15:26b. “For I am YHVH (The LORD) who heals you.”

PLEASE PRAY: For release, revelation and progression concerning the healing gifts in the Body of Messiah in Israel.

*Exodus 16:8b. “Your complaints are not against us but against the LORD.” A similar rebuke and warning is echoed in the New Covenant in Acts 5:4, “You have not lied to men but to God.”

PLEASE PRAY: That the fear of the Lord would be on the Body of Messiah in Israel regarding their honor and conduct towards God’s appointed leaders.

*Exodus 16:23, 29. “Then he said to them, ‘This is what YHVH has said: “Tomorrow is a Sabbath, a Holy Sabbath to YHVH…”‘ “See! For YHVH has given you the Sabbath…” (Emphases ours). “Sabbath” (Hebrew: Shabbat) comes from a verb meaning “to cease work”. The first place in the Bible where the word “holiness” is used relates to this word, “Elohim blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Genesis 2:3a). Yeshua taught that “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27-28).

PLEASE PRAY: For Israel to be freed from the legalistic structures of man, and enter into the true rest given by God. Pray especially for leaders in the Body of Messiah to not ignore the necessity of availing themselves of the rests from normal work which God has ordained for His children.

*Exodus 17:15-16. “And Moses built an altar and called its name, YHVH IS MY BANNER; for he said, ‘Because YHVH has sworn: YHVH will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.’”

One of the Hebrew words for “banner” is nes (“my banner”—nissi). In modern Hebrew nes has also come to mean “miracle”. The Amalekites were a real people—who throughout the Scriptures epitomize and symbolize a covenant-hating spirit, specifically that of anti-Semitism. They were Israel’s first enemies after leaving Egypt. They preyed on her, picking off the weak straggling in the rear (Deut. 25:17-19). Because God’s covenants bring life to all of humankind, He therefore grants “no quarter” to those who threaten their purposes; their remembrance must be “blotted out from under heaven.” When King Saul failed to do this, it was an Amalekite who in the end claimed to have killed him (II Sam. 1:13). Centuries later, it would be Haman, a descendant of Agag (an Amalekite whom Saul also spared) who, as recorded in the Book of Esther, sought to ignite a Holocaust, to annihilate God’s covenant people. With the hatred Satan has for Israel and her redemptive call, it is indeed a Divine Miracle flying over her which has sustained Israel and brought her, still an entity and with her ancient language restored, back to her native Land.

PLEASE PRAY: For revelation in Israel that it is only the Banner of YHVH (The LORD) flying over her which will protect her from annihilation…that the LORD is fighting for her…that His Banner over her is LOVE.

*Judges 4:8. “And Barak said unto her [Deborah]: ‘If you will go with me, then I will go; but if you will not go with me, I will not go.’”

We would suggest that Barak’s error here was not fear or cowardice (he is, in fact, listed among the heroes of Faith in Hebrews 11). Moses had said something very similar to the LORD in Exodus 33:15, “If Your Presence does not go with us, do not bring us up from here”. But there, Moses was dismayed because He longed for the LORD’s presence (face), and God had threatened to send an angel instead. In this passage, Deborah, who held the Office of Prophetic Judge over Israel, had released God’s Word of command over the warrior. Yet Barak seems not to have realized that in God’s word of command would be God’s presence and authority for the battle. He seems to have identified the divine power and authority with the vessel releasing the Word, rather than the Word itself, and thus felt it safer to have the prophetess along with the Word she had released (It is significant that when Deborah later released a further command, he corrected his error and without hesitation went like lightning (Hebrew: barak) down the mountain (4:14).

PLEASE PRAY: For a maturing in Israel of the Body of Messiah, young and old, to the “prophetic” (I Cor. 14:1; Rev. 19:10b). For re-establishment by the Holy Spirit of the Office of Prophet (Ephesians 4:11) amongst both men and women in Israel. Pray for discernment and respect among believers for God’s Word and how it relates to His government; how, on spiritual as well as physical battlefields, instantaneous responses to divine instruction released through His ordained authority structures can be critical.

[The readings for next week (28 January—3 February 2018) are called Yitro—“Jethro”: TORAH: Exodus 18:1—20:26; HAFTARAH: Isaiah 6:1—7:6.]

In A Nutshell

In the portion, BeShalach (When Pharaoh Sent), Pharaoh sends the children of Israel from Egypt following the ten plagues that he and the Egyptians suffered. The Creator does not lead the children of Israel directly to the land of Israel because it means they will have to go through the land of the Philistines and the Creator does not want the children of Israel to fear war and escape back to Egypt. Instead, He sends them through the desert.

Moses takes Joseph’s bones. The Creator walks before the people, lighting the way for them with a pillar of cloud—during the day, and a pillar of fire during the night.

When Pharaoh learns that the children of Israel really did escape from Egypt he changes his mind and decides to chase them. He assembles 600 chosen chariots that chase the children of Israel all the way to the Red Sea.

The children of Israel find themselves with the sea before them and Pharaoh behind them. This is when the first miracle takes place: Moses strikes the sea, it is cut in two, and the children of Israel pass through dry land. When the Egyptians try to pass, the water closes on them and they all drown. In gratitude to the Creator for the miracle, the children of Israel sing the Song of the Sea (Exodus, 15).

Moses leads the children of Israel through the desert on the road to Shur. When the people grow thirsty they arrive at Marah, a place where the water is bitter so they cannot drink. Here another miracle occurs and the water becomes fresh (the Torah writes “sweet”). Moses and the people continue to advance toward Eilam where they discover twelve springs of water and seventy dates. They park there then continue toward the desert of Sin.

The people complain that they have run out of supplies and the Creator performs two miracles: in the first, manna comes down from the sky. In the second, quails came over the camp of Israel so they will have meat in the evening.

The children of Israel receive the first commandment—to observe the Sabbath. They are told that on Sabbath, no manna will come down from the sky and that on the sixth day they must collect supplies for two days. The children of Israel continue from the desert of Sin and arrive at Rephidim. Once again there is no water and the Creator performs another miracle: Moses strikes a rock and water gushes out of it.

Toward the arrival at Mount Sinai, Amalek appears and fights against Israel. When Moses raises his hands, Israel win; when he lowers them, Amalek wins. Finally, Israel defeat Amalek and the Creator tells Moses to write in a book of remembrance that the memory of Amalek must be blotted out from under the heaven.

Commentary

Man is born with an inherently egoistic desire to receive. However, when ascending over it, one’s perspective changes and he no longer thinks only of himself. From the moment we are born we want to use the whole world for our own benefit. This is the Amalek in us. AMALEK is an acronym for Al Menat LeKabel (in order to receive). We turn the will to receive into a spiritual quality that aims toward bestowal through a process in which each of us works on his or her self using the light that reforms.[1] The light that reforms is a force that awakens in a person who studies Kabbalah correctly, together with a group. That force awakens and a person feel the changes constantly happening within.

These are the changes that the Torah describes in this portion. Pharaoh really does send the people of Israel. That is, our ego is under stress, suffering, in a conflict between the forces operating on it to the point that it “allows” us, throws us away from itself.

In fact, we are only observing the unfolding—the Creator’s war against Amalek (Exodus, 17:16), the Creator’s war against Pharaoh, and the entire process (Exodus, 10) of hardening Pharaoh’s heart, “go on to Pharaoh,” and “come to Pharaoh.”

When the children of Israel escape from Egypt with all the Kelim, meaning desires, a person rises above the ego, but the egoistic intentions remain. In the process of development, one gradually rids oneself of them through the numerous changes one goes through in the process of exiting Pharaoh’s rule and coming under the rule of the quality of the Creator—the reign of the quality of bestowal and love of others.

In the transition from love of self to love of others, we undergo various changes that make us feel as though Pharaoh is still chasing us and we are trying to escape. At times we can run, and at times we cannot. This is why reality mandates the occurring of a miracle, meaning the influence of the upper force on a person.

The influence of the upper force on a person manifests in the sensation that a person is standing in front of the sea, with Pharaoh’s 600 chosen chariots behind, and there is nothing one can do. Each time we arrive at a point where there is nothing ahead and all the roads seem blocked, a miracle occurs. This is how we shift from degree to degree, from state to state.

The difference between the degrees is that the next degree always opens only after we have concluded the previous one, we do not know what to do, and we are desperate. Although we get used to it, we are surprised every time anew.

After the tearing of the Red Sea we arrive at the desert. A desert is a state where one cannot do anything. One has nothing with which to feed oneself; it is a state of emptiness, not knowing what to do. In that state it seems that life is not life, neither in the present nor in the future.

In the next stage, the water is bitter and must be sweetened using the staff. This means that a person elevates the desire to bestow, and degrades the desire to receive in order to receive. In this way a person achieves the degree of Bina instead of Malchut, and elevates oneself above the ego, once again breaking through to the next degree. That person arrives at a place called Eilam, where there are twelve sources of water, and food from seventy palm trees.

It happens every single time. Our egoistic will to receive awakens without our knowing what to do with it because we haven’t the strength to cope when it yells, cries, and bursts out in terror. This is when the upper force saves us. Thus, repeatedly and gradually, the exodus from Egypt takes place.

In the exodus from Egypt, we correct the will to receive step by step. We rise above it continuously until we can even fight Amalek. Moses’ hands, which rise and fall, symbolize the ascending force of Bina, and the descending MAN.

When we enter spirituality, we still have nothing with which to revive ourselves except the food from heaven. Prior to that, we were satisfying ourselves egoistically, trying to gain from everyone as much as we could. But now, in the transition to love others, altruism, bestowal, we fill ourselves with bestowal. This is why it is called “food from the sky,” the “food of heaven.”

It happens when a person is willing to come out to the “morning light,” to be in the quality of bestowal that shines over the ego, the will to receive, and in which one feels empty. When we are willing to remain in the will to receive even without fulfillment, but only in bestowal upon others, this is when the manna comes, the fulfillment from heaven.

The forty years in the desert is the period when we obtain the complete quality of bestowal. We are fed by giving to others, which is truly from heaven because who are we to give? Do we have anything to give? Why should we fulfill ourselves by giving?

This sensation, the intention we acquire over the will to receive—the inclination toward others, the connection with others—is the degree called “that which you hate, do not do to your friend.”[2] By connecting to others as to ourselves we receive the filling called MAN, Mei Nukvin (Aramaic: Female Water), which raises our will to receive to Bina, the degree of bestowal.

Many miracles take place in this portion, almost all of which concern water: the crossing of the Red Sea, the bitter water, Moses striking the rock and the water gushing out. What is a miracle and why is it so tightly connected to water specifically in this portion?

Water is the quality of bestowal, Bina. There is water of quarrelling (Meribah), bitter water, and sweet (fresh) water, drinking water. There is also “cold water to a faint soul” (Proverbs, 25:25), and there are other terms concerning water.

Water is life. As we develop in the mother’s womb we are immersed in water. Indeed, water is our whole life; we have evolved in water and then climbed out to land. Water is the quality of Bina until it emits out of itself just as the oceans begot life.

This happens every time through a miracle because we do not have the quality of bestowal, Bina, love of others, the connection with others in favor of the other. For this reason, we receive it from outside in what is considered a miracle. All we do is cause that process to unfold. And when it does, it is as a miracle, as it is written, “I have labored and found.”[3] Finding is actually the miracle. On our way, everything always happens through miracles.

The Creator took the children of Israel for a “tour” in the desert out of fear of fighting the Philistines, so they went through Sinai. Why did He not take them straight to Israel?

The children of Israel walked in the desert forty years, but you can actually cross the desert in a week. We have such a big will to receive: wars with the Philistines, with Amalek, sins such as the golden calf and the sin of the spies, and many other problems just to get to the land of Israel, to the entrance. Additionally, there is the war to conquer the land.

It takes many wars to conquer the will to receive and turn it from an egoistic desire, Egypt, into a desire for the land of Israel. Eretz (land) means Ratzon (desire). We must aim our desire not to work in order to receive, which is Amalek, but in order to bestow, which is Yashar El (straight to God), Ysrael (Israel). It is a very long process in which miracles constantly occur.

Why do the children of Israel avoid fighting the Philistines?

Because the children of Israel are not yet strong enough. They have yet to acquire the force of bestowal that will enable them to fight and confront the Philistines. There is still no right line, the force of bestowal, so it is impossible to use the middle line an advance with it. When one has only the force of reception, the left line, one must bypass the Philistines.

From The Zohar: And Israel Saw the Great Hand

“And Israel saw the great hand … and they believed in the Lord.” But did they not believe in Creator thus far? After all, it is written, “And the people believed; and when they heard.” Moreover, they saw all the great deeds that the Creator did for them in Egypt. However, “And they believed” means that they believed in what he said, “And Moses said unto the people, ‘Do not fear! Stand by and see the salvation of the Lord.’”

Zohar for All, BeShalach (When Pharaoh Sent), item 203

At each stage we advance by degrees. Our way, as The Zohar writes, is 600 chosen chariots, six days and the seventh day, Sabbath, which corresponds to the end of correction, the seventh millennium. The road from the exodus from Egypt to the end of our correction goes through 125 degrees, with each degree dividing into additional degrees. There are miracles each time, and each time a person becomes more adhered to the upper force.

We are in between two forces: on the one hand there is the will to receive, which is the nature we are born with, as it is written, “the inclination of a man’s heart is evil from his youth” (Genesis, 8:21). On the other hand there is the desire to bestow to which we must come. On this ladder of our nature, the will to receive is at the bottom, and the Creator, the desire to bestow, is at the top, with us in the middle, as though hanging in midair. To the extent that the force of the Creator appears before us, we can rise until we achieve Dvekut (adhesion) with Him.

This is why we need only reveal the need, the necessity for the Creator. It is written, “And the children of Israel cried out from the work” (Exodus, 2:23). All the crying and quarrels are disclosures of our deficiency out of the sensation that we must receive help from above.

This is how we live by the mercy of the Creator. This is also how the upper light, the light that reforms, called Torah, appears and saves us. These are the Hassadim, the force of bestowal that appears to us. Even today we must understand that if we reveal the right deficiency, the force that will deliver us from all the troubles will appear, and we will cross the Red Sea on dry land.

So what has faith got to do with all of this? What does it mean that they saw the miracle and believed?

Faith is the force of bestowal, of Bina. Through the force of bestowal a person sees the world that surrounds us, the world of Ein Sof (infinity), the spiritual world, the degrees, and the forces. However, we still do not have the vision of bestowal, of connection with others. When we connect with others we develop new “spectacles” through which we see the entire world as circular, with only one force operating in it.

The wisdom of Kabbalah teaches us how to discover the force of the Creator that is operating in the world, the method of revealing His Godliness to His creations in this world.

It seems that the Creator continuously puts the people of Israel in predicaments, such as the bitter water, then delivers them out of it, such as turning it into fresh water. What does this process represent?

We need to understand that we can only discover things by seeing both sides, darkness as well as light, as “the advantage of the light out of darkness” (Ecclesiastes, 2:13). This is why we keep discovering that our ego is worse than we thought, and we seek a way out of it, understanding that the upper force must be involved.

When we become aware that we need the upper force and we cry out, the Creator appears. Each time, we have to come to such a state—revealing the deficiency, the need for the help of the Creator so He may appear. This is how we build our Kli (vessel), and this is why we eat the manna (MAN) in the desert. We are never the owners, the landlords; we only ask for the process to take place.

It is the same today in the process we are going through, and in the even harder processes ahead. After all, the purpose of the process is only to bring us to a state of no control, complete helplessness and despair, which obligates the upper force to appear because without it we will not be able to advance. The better we understand the process, this predilection, and the better we prepare ourselves for it, the more we will be able to draw the upper force before we are in a desperate state. This is why the Torah was given, the interior of the Torah, the wisdom of Kabbalah, so we will know each time how to prescribe the cure before the illness.

Today it is very difficult to make people understand that they have no control. We are accustomed to thinking that through science and technology we will control nature.

This is how it was until the outbreak of the crisis. Now we understand that we control nothing. We do not control the education system, our families, ourselves, terror, commerce, economy or finance, and these are signs of the comprehensive crisis, the systemic breakdown in which all systems are collapsing. We are reaching a state where we have no control and we need a special revelation of nature’s collective force.

We are built in such a way that each of us pulls toward his or her side, and the surfacing crisis proves that we are all tied together, dependent on each other, and only in that mutual dependence will we be able to resolve the problem. However, since we cannot establish a connection of Arvut (mutual guarantee), we will need the help of the upper force. It will take a long time before we understand that we need the force of unity, which is the Creator making peace between us, as it is written, “He who makes peace in His heaven, He will make peace on us and on all of Israel” (from the Kadish prayer).

What does the process of crossing the Red Sea represent?

When Malchut enters Bina there is upper water and there is lower water. Likewise, at the time of the creation of the world there is the upper force that comes and lets the will to receive enter the sea, the water, meaning connect the will to receive with the desire to bestow. The will to receive is the force of the ground. Israel that connects the force of the ground reveals the ground within the sea, while the sea itself if the giving force, where there are Gevurot, a stormy sea.

Israel reveals the special force, Nachshon, as well, who jumps first into the water. It is a force within us that is willing follow with complete dedication only to achieve the quality of bestowal, the connection with Bina, whatever happens. In this way, as we come out we make the first contact with the desire to bestow. The entire escape from Egypt is an escape from ourselves out to everyone, to connect with the others.

From The Zohar: And Pharaoh Drew Near

Israel were nearing the sea and saw the sea before them becoming stormier, its waves straightening upward. They were afraid. They raised their eyes and saw Pharaoh and his army, and slings and arrows, and they were terrified. “And the children of Israel cried out.” Who caused Israel to draw near to their father in heaven? It was Pharaoh, as it is written, “And Pharaoh drew near.”

Zohar for All, BeShalach (When Pharaoh Sent), item 67

Each time, our ego wakes up and does not let us advance. In fact, it does the work for us because Pharaoh, the ego, is the posterior side of the Creator. He created the will to receive, and He constantly reveals itself to us until we see that it—the will to receive, the snake—is putting us to death, so we have to escape from it.

Today we are in similar situation. We are gradually learning that our ego is not letting us connect and build proper systems, live in families, nations, and states, to build the planet and the world as circular and connected, since this is what will prompt us toward correction. This is why we are living in a special time when we will truly have to determine that Arvut (mutual guarantee) is the connection between us.

Moses was instructed to write in a book that the memory of Amalek would be blotted out. What is a book in the spiritual sense?

A book is a disclosure. It is a disclosure that we have in the book of Torah, which describes the works of the Creator in relation to the creature. We act through these revelations, through the letters, which are written black over white in order to erase the intention of Amalek, meaning to make the will to receive in order to receive become a desire to receive in order to bestow. This is called Ratzon (desire), Eretz (land), and “in order to bestow” is like the Creator, when we reach Yashar El (straight to God), Ysrael (Israel).

In other words, Amalek is the opposite of the land of Israel. Amalek is a general term, much like Haman, snake, and Pharaoh, except it also contains smaller, specific parts. We learn that each time the people of Israel faces them. Every person is like the people of Israel—made of the qualities of bestowal that are placed under the will to receive.

[1] Midrash Rabah, Eicha, “Introduction,” Paragraph 2.

[2] Babylonian Talmud, Masechet Shabbat, 31a.

[3] Babylonian Talmud, Masechet Megilah, 6b.