Fifty Frequent Words in Prayer-Siddur

Fifty of the most frequent Hebrew words that appear in the siddur.

Understanding traditional Jewish prayers may seem impossible if you don’t speak Hebrew. But knowing some key words can help you follow along and get the basic meaning of much of the liturgy.

The following 50 words are some of the most common words found in Jewish prayers. We’ve included the Hebrew, English, and a transliteration of each word.

Try learning a few each week or spotting them in a siddur. In no time, you’ll find the prayers to be more familiar and hopefully more meaningful.

TRANSLITERATION

ENGLISH

HEBREW

Avoteinu Our Fathers  אֲבוֹתֵינוּ

Adam Man אָדָם

Ahava Love אַהֲבָה 

Or Light אוֹר

Ehad One אֶחָד 

Ein There is Not אֵין

Imru Let Us Say אִמְרוּ

Emet Truth אֱמֶת

Eretz Land/Country אֶרֶץ

Asher That/Which/Who אֲשֶׁר

Atah You אַתָה

Beit House בֵּית

Ben Son בֶּן

B’nai Children/People בְּנֵי

Barukh Blessed בָּרוּך

Gadol Big/Great גָדוֹל

Dor Generation דוֹר

Hu He הוּא

Vaed Forever וָעֶד

Z’man Time זְמַן

Hayim Life חַיִים

Hesed Kindness חֶסֶד

Tov Good טוֹב

Y’hee May It Be יְהִי

Yom Day יוֹם

Kavod Honor/Respect כָּבוֹד

Kee Because/Since כִּי

Kamokha Like You כָּמוֹךָ

Kein Yes כֵּן

Katuv Written כָּתוּב

Lo No לֹא

L’maan For the Sake of לְמַעַן

L’fanekha Before You לְפָנֶיךָ

Magen Shield מָגֵן

Mah What מַה

M’hayeh Gives Life מְחַיֵה

Mee Who מִי

Mayim Water מַיִם

Melekh King מֶלֶךְ

Norah Awesome נוֹרָא

Olam World/Eternity עוֹלָם

Am People עַם

Oseh Make עוֹשֶׂה

Kadosh Holy קָדוֹשׁ

Kol Voice קוֹל

Rahamim Mercy רַחֲמִים

Ratzon Will רָצוֹן

Shemo His Name שְׁמוֹ

Shamayim Heavens שָׁמַים

Tamid Always תָמִיד